Orthofix International N.V.
ORTHOFIX INTERNATIONAL N V (Form: 10-Q, Received: 05/10/2011 16:00:26)
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark one)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2011

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to              .

Commission File Number: 0-19961

 

 

ORTHOFIX INTERNATIONAL N.V.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Curaçao   Not applicable

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

7 Abraham de Veerstraat

Curaçao

  Not applicable
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

599-9-4658525

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Not applicable

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     x   Yes     ¨   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     ¨   Yes     ¨   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “non-accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   x
Non-Accelerated filer   ¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller Reporting Company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     ¨   Yes     x   No

As of May 4, 2011, 18,055,017 shares of common stock were issued and outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

Table of Contents

 

          Page  
PART I   

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

     3   

Item 1.

  

Financial Statements

     3   
  

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2011 (unaudited) and December 31, 2010

     3   
  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 (unaudited)

     4   
  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 (unaudited)

     5   
  

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

     6   

Item 2.

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     22   

Item 3.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     32   

Item 4.

  

Controls and Procedures

     33   
PART II   

OTHER INFORMATION

     34   

Item 1.

  

Legal Proceedings

     34   

Item 1A.

  

Risk Factors

     38   

Item 6.

  

Exhibits

     40   
SIGNATURES      45   

Forward-Looking Statements

This Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, relating to our business and financial outlook, which are based on our current beliefs, assumptions, expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “projects,” “intends,” “predicts,” “potential” or “continue” or other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of our future performance and involve risks, uncertainties, estimates and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, our actual outcomes and results may differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on any of these forward-looking statements. Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any such statement, or the risk factors described in Item 1A under the heading “Risk Factors,” to reflect new information, the occurrence of future events or circumstances or otherwise.

The forward-looking statements in this filing do not constitute guarantees or promises of future performance. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences may include, but are not limited to, risks relating to the expected sales of our products, including recently launched products, unanticipated expenditures, the resolution of pending litigation matters (including the government investigation relating to our bone growth stimulation business and the possible violations of the FCPA by our former Mexican orthopedic distribution entity), changing relationships with customers, suppliers, strategic partners and lenders, changes to and the interpretation of governmental regulations, ongoing governmental investigations of our businesses which could result in civil or criminal liability or findings of violations of law (as further described in the “Legal Proceedings” section of this Form 10-Q), risks relating to the protection of intellectual property, changes to the reimbursement policies of third parties, the impact of competitive products, changes to the competitive environment, the acceptance of new products in the market, conditions of the orthopedic industry, credit markets and the economy, corporate development and market development activities, including acquisitions or divestitures, unexpected costs or operating unit performance related to recent acquisitions, and other risks described in Item 1A. under the heading Risk Factors in this Form 10-Q and those set forth in our Annual Statement on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010, under Item 1A., Risk Factors .

 

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

ORTHOFIX INTERNATIONAL N.V.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

(U.S. Dollars, in thousands except share data)

   March 31,
2011
     December 31,
2010
 
     (unaudited)         

Assets

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 23,387       $ 13,561   

Restricted cash

     25,432         22,944   

Trade accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $7,636 and $7,250 at March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively

     133,929         134,184   

Inventories, net

     93,666         84,589   

Deferred income taxes

     18,332         17,422   

Escrow receivable

     15,225         14,937   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     22,351         24,123   
                 

Total current assets

     332,322         311,760   

Property, plant and equipment, net

     48,113         45,535   

Patents and other intangible assets, net

     40,372         41,457   

Goodwill

     182,290         176,497   

Deferred income taxes

     16,222         16,175   

Other long-term assets

     11,965         12,565   
                 

Total assets

   $ 631,284       $ 603,989   
                 

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity

     

Current liabilities:

     

Bank borrowings

   $ 2,020       $ 3,812   

Current portion of long-term debt

     10,000         7,500   

Trade accounts payable

     20,584         19,796   

Accrued charges related to U.S. Government inquiries

     46,000         —     

Other current liabilities

     56,972         52,418   
                 

Total current liabilities

     135,576         83,526   

Long-term debt

     204,945         208,695   

Deferred income taxes

     7,819         8,102   

Other long-term liabilities

     5,861         2,775   
                 

Total liabilities

     354,201         303,098   

Contingencies (Note 17)

     

Shareholders’ equity:

     

Common shares $0.10 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized; 18,023,132 and 17,726,645 issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively

     1,802         1,772   

Additional paid-in capital

     204,275         195,402   

Retained earnings

     62,526         98,327   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     8,480         5,390   
                 

Total shareholders’ equity

     277,083         300,891   
                 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 631,284       $ 603,989   
                 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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ORTHOFIX INTERNATIONAL N.V.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

For the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010

 

(Unaudited, U.S. Dollars, in thousands except share and per share data)

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2011     2010  

Net sales

   $ 139,165      $ 138,823   

Cost of sales

     33,361        32,694   
                

Gross profit

     105,804        106,129   

Operating expenses

    

Sales and marketing

     55,598        56,290   

General and administrative

     22,960        21,470   

Research and development

     6,052        7,528   

Amortization of intangible assets

     1,255        1,447   

Gain on sale of vascular operations (Note 16)

     —          (12,551

Charges related to U.S. Government inquiries (Note 18)

     46,000        —     
                
     131,865        74,184   
                

Operating (loss) income

     (26,061     31,945   

Other income (expense)

    

Interest expense, net

     (2,416     (5,846

Gain on interest rate swap

     —          345   

Other expense, net

     (1,073     (330
                
     (3,489     (5,831
                

(Loss) income before income taxes

     (29,550     26,114   

Income tax expense

     (6,251     (8,622
                

Net (loss) income

   $ (35,801   $ 17,492   
                

Net (loss) income per common share:

    

Basic

   $ (2.00   $ 1.00   
                

Diluted

   $ (2.00   $ 0.99   
                

Weighted average number of common shares:

    

Basic

     17,937,280        17,489,315   
                

Diluted

     17,937,280        17,757,099   
                

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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ORTHOFIX INTERNATIONAL N.V.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 

(Unaudited, U.S. Dollars, in thousands)

   2011     2010  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net (loss) income

   $ (35,801   $ 17,492   

Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     5,339        5,398   

Amortization of debt costs

     249        54   

Provision for doubtful accounts

     1,833        1,716   

Deferred income taxes

     (856     (1,417

Share-based compensation

     1,509        3,013   

Provision for inventory obsolescence

     798        2,868   

Gain on interest rate swap

     —          (345

Gain on sale of vascular operations

     —          (12,551

Tax benefit on non-qualified stock options

     (585     (1,628

Other

     1,379        489   

Change in operating assets and liabilities, net of effect of gain on sale of vascular operations and acquisitions:

    

Trade accounts receivable

     1,257        (8,407

Inventories

     (7,958     (66

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     1,719        (2,882

Trade accounts payable

     185        (1,313

Charges related to U.S. Government inquiries

     46,000        —     

Other current liabilities

     3,711        1,520   
                

Net cash provided by operating activities

     18,779        3,941   

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Capital expenditures for property, plant and equipment

     (5,547     (4,274

Capital expenditures for intangible assets

     (106     (79

Payment made in connection with acquisition

     (5,250     —     

Net proceeds from sale of vascular operations

     —          24,193   
                

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

     (10,903     19,840   

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Net proceeds from issuance of common shares

     7,326        4,613   

Repayments of long-term debt

     (1,250     (19,829

Repayment of bank borrowings, net

     (1,886     (38

Change in restricted cash

     (2,442     (4,353

Cash payment for purchase of minority interest in subsidiary

     (517     —     

Tax benefit on non-qualified stock options

     585        1,628   
                

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     1,816        (17,979

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

     134        (371
                

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

     9,826        5,431   

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period

     13,561        13,328   
                

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

   $ 23,387      $ 18,759   
                

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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ORTHFIX INTERNATIONAL N.V.

Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

1. Description of business

Orthofix International N.V. (the “Company”) is a multinational corporation principally involved in the design, development, manufacture, marketing and distribution of medical equipment. During 2010, the Company was comprised of four reportable segments: Domestic, Spinal Implants and Biologics (formerly referred to as “Blackstone”), Breg and International. Beginning January 1, 2011, the Company began managing its business by its three global business units (“GBUs”) comprised of Spine, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine supported by Corporate activities. See Note 14 for a description of each segment.

 

2. Summary of significant accounting policies

(a) Basis of presentation

The accompanying Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S.”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Pursuant to these rules and regulations, certain information and note disclosures, normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S., have been condensed or omitted. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring items) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2011. The balance sheet at December 31, 2010 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. for complete financial statements. For further information, refer to the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010.

(b) Reclassifications

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. The reclassifications have no effect on previously reported net earnings or shareholders’ equity. Consistent with the December 31, 2010 presentation, the Company has reclassified its changes to restricted cash in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows from operating activities to financing activities for the three months ended 2010. The Company deemed this as a more appropriate disclosure since the cash is restricted for use by only those parties included in the secured revolving credit facility and secured term loan facility entered into on August 30, 2010 (see Note 7). Net cash used in operating activities was previously reported as $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010. Beginning January 1, 2011, the Company began managing its business by its three GBUs comprised of Spine, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine. In Note 14, “Business Segment Information,” there are reclassifications among the GBUs’ net sales and operating income for the three months ended March 31, 2010.

(c) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates including those related to contractual allowances, doubtful accounts, inventories, taxes, shared-based compensation, potential goodwill and intangible asset impairment and loss provision for contingent liabilities. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

(d) Recently Issued Accounting Standards

On July 21, 2010, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2010-20, Disclosures about the Credit Quality of Financing Receivables and the Allowance for Credit Losses . This update requires increased

 

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disclosures about the credit quality of financing receivables and allowances for credit losses, including disclosure about credit quality indicators, past due information and modifications of finance receivables. The Company adopted all amendments that require disclosures as of the end of the reporting period on December 31, 2010. The Company adopted all amendments that require disclosures about activity that occurs during the first quarter reporting period of 2011. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3. Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or estimated net realizable value, after provision for excess or obsolete items. Cost is determined on a weighted-average basis, which approximates the first in, first out (“FIFO”) method. The valuation of work-in-process, finished products, field inventory and consignment inventory includes the cost of materials, labor and production. Field inventory represents immediately saleable finished products inventory that is in the possession of the Company’s direct sales representatives and independent distributors. Consignment inventory represents immediately saleable finished products located at third party customers, such as distributors and hospitals.

Inventories were as follows:

 

(US$ in thousands)

   March 31,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 

Raw materials

   $ 18,442      $ 12,186   

Work-in-process

     6,902        5,855   

Finished products

     51,757        54,049   

Field inventory

     37,683        32,915   

Consignment inventory

     9,064        9,009   
                
     123,848        114,014   

Less reserve for obsolescence

     (30,182     (29,425
                
   $ 93,666      $ 84,589   
                

 

4. Patents and other intangible assets

 

(US$ in thousands)

   March 31,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 

Cost

    

Patents and developed technologies

   $ 26,448      $ 26,226   

Trademarks – definite lived (subject to amortization)

     555        543   

Trademarks – indefinite lived (not subject to amortization)

     23,104        23,104   

Distribution networks

     44,586        44,586   
                
     94,693        94,459   

Accumulated amortization

    

Patents and developed technologies

     (18,852     (18,267

Trademarks – definite lived (subject to amortization)

     (364     (337

Distribution networks

     (35,105     (34,398
                

Patents and other intangible assets, net

   $ 40,372      $ 41,457   
                

Amortization expense for intangible assets is estimated to be approximately $3.8 million for the remainder of 2011 and $5.0 million, $2.1 million, $1.6 million, $1.1 million and $3.7 million for the periods ending December 31, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 and thereafter, respectively.

 

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5. Goodwill

The following table presents the changes in the net carrying value of goodwill:

 

(US$ in thousands)

   Total  

At December 31, 2010

   $ 176,497   

Acquisitions (1)

     4,382   

Foreign currency

     1,411   
        

At March 31, 2011

   $ 182,290   
        

 

(1) On February 17, 2011, the Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Breg Holdings LLC, purchased 100% of the stock of Omni Motion, Inc. (“Omni Motion”) for a cash purchase price of $5.3 million plus acquisition costs, which have been recognized as general and administrative expenses in the 2011 condensed consolidated statements of operations. The acquisition and related costs were financed with cash on hand. Omni Motion was privately held when acquired by the Company. The results of Omni Motion’s operations have been included in the Company’s consolidated results of operations from the date of acquisition. The purchase price has been allocated preliminarily to assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair value at the acquisition date. The Company acquired $1.5 million of tangible assets and assumed liabilities of $0.6 million. The Company has recorded the excess purchase price of $4.4 million to goodwill and is reflected in the Sports Medicine Global Business Unit. The final purchase price allocation is expected to be completed during the second quarter of 2011. Proforma financial information is not required based on the materiality of the acquisition to the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6. Bank borrowings

Borrowings under lines of credit consist of borrowings in Euros used to fund international operations. The borrowings under such facility were $2.0 million and $3.8 million at March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively. The weighted average interest rates on borrowings under lines of credit as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 were 5.59% and 3.57%, respectively.

The Company had unused available lines of credit of €5.9 million ($8.3 million) at March 31, 2011 in its Italian line of credit. This line of credit is unsecured and provides the Company the option to borrow amounts in Italy at rates which are determined at the time of borrowing.

 

7. Long-term debt

On August 30, 2010, the Company’s wholly-owned U.S. holding company, Orthofix Holdings, Inc. (“Orthofix Holdings”) entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with certain domestic direct and indirect subsidiaries of the Company (the “Guarantors”), JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as Administrative Agent, RBS Citizens, N.A., as Syndication Agent, and certain lender parties thereto.

The Credit Agreement provides for a five year, $200.0 million secured revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”), and a five year, $100.0 million secured term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”, and together with the Revolving Credit Facility, the “Credit Facilities”). Orthofix Holdings has the ability to increase the amount of the Credit Facilities by an aggregate amount of up to $50.0 million upon satisfaction of certain conditions.

As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company had $97.5 million and $98.8 million, respectively, outstanding under the Term Loan Facility and $117.4 million outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility. Borrowings under the Credit Facilities bear interest at a floating rate, which is, at Orthofix Holdings’ option, either the London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus an applicable margin or a base rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement) plus an applicable margin (in each case subject to adjustment based on financial ratios). Such applicable margin will be up to 3.25% for LIBOR borrowings and up to 2.25% for base rate borrowings depending upon a measurement of the consolidated leverage ratio with respect to the immediately preceding four fiscal quarters. The principal amount of the Term Loan Facility amortizes at the rate of 5%, 15%, 25%, 25% and 30% in year 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. Amortization payments began on December 31, 2010 and end on December 31, 2015. Outstanding principal on the Revolving Credit Facility is due on December 31, 2015.

 

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As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the entire Term Loan Facility of $97.5 million and $98.8 million, respectively, is at the LIBOR rate plus a margin of 3.00%. In addition, as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, $100.0 million of the Revolving Credit Facility is at the LIBOR rate plus a margin of 3.00% and the remaining $17.4 million of the Revolving Credit Facility is at a base rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement) plus a margin of 2.00%. The effective interest rate on the Credit Facilities as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was 3.4%.

The Credit Agreement requires Orthofix Holdings and the Company to comply with leverage and fixed charge coverage ratios and contains affirmative and negative covenants, including limitations on additional debt, liens, investments and acquisitions. The Credit Agreement also includes events of default customary for facilities of this type. Upon the occurrence of an event of default, all outstanding loans may be accelerated and/or the lenders’ commitments terminated. Management believes the Company was in compliance with the affirmative covenants at March 31, 2011.

In May 2011, the Company obtained an amendment to the Credit Agreement (the “Amended Credit Agreement”) to provide additional capacity under the various restrictive negative covenants for the payment by the Company of the Specified Settlement Amounts (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) associated with each of the potential settlements (see Note 18). The amendment updates the definition of Consolidated EBITDA to exclude Specified Settlement Amounts of up to $50 million in the aggregate. As a result of the Amended Credit Agreement, management believes the Company was in compliance with the negative covenants at March 31, 2011 and there were no events of default. The Company expects to be in compliance with its covenants prospectively.

Certain subsidiaries of the Company have restrictions on their ability to pay dividends or make intercompany loan advances pursuant to the Company’s Credit Facilities. The net assets of Orthofix Holdings and its subsidiaries are restricted for distributions to the parent company. Domestic subsidiaries of the Company, as parties to the credit agreement, have access to these net assets for operational purposes, debt repayments and any payment by the Company of the Specified Settlement Amounts as described above. The amount of restricted net assets of Orthofix Holdings and its subsidiaries as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was $191.7 million and $178.5 million, respectively. In addition, the Credit Agreement restricts the Company and subsidiaries that are not parties to the Credit Facilities from access to cash held by Orthofix Holdings and its subsidiaries. The amount of restricted cash of the Company as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was $25.4 million and $22.9 million, respectively.

In conjunction with obtaining the Credit Facilities, the Company incurred debt issuance costs of $4.3 million which are being amortized using the effective interest method over the life of the Credit Facilities. As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, debt issuance costs, net of accumulated amortization, related to the Credit Agreement were $3.7 million and $3.9 million, respectively.

 

8. Derivative instruments

The tables below disclose the types of derivative instruments the Company owns, the classifications and fair values of these instruments within the balance sheet, and the amount of gain (loss) recognized in other comprehensive (loss) income (“OCI”) or net (loss) income.

 

(US$ in thousands)

   Fair value:  favorable
(unfavorable)
    Balance sheet location

As of March 31, 2011

          

Cross-currency swap

   $ (2,368   Other long-term liabilities

As of December 31, 2010

          

Cross-currency swap

   $ (262   Other long-term liabilities

 

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     Three Months Ended
March  31,
 

(US$ in thousands)

   2011      2010  

Interest rate swap gain recognized in net (loss) income

   $ —         $ 345   

Cross-currency swap unrealized gain (loss) recorded in other comprehensive (loss) income, net of taxes

   $ 1,102       $ (445

Cross-currency swap

In 2006, the Company entered into a cross-currency swap agreement with Wells Fargo to manage its cash flows related to foreign currency exposure for a portion of the Company’s intercompany receivable of a U.S. dollar functional currency subsidiary that is denominated in Euro. The derivative instrument, a ten-year fully amortizable agreement with an initial notional amount of $63.0 million, was scheduled to expire on December 30, 2016. Upon executing the Company’s Credit Agreement (see Note 7), the Company terminated this cross-currency swap agreement on September 30, 2010. Also on September 30, 2010, the Company entered into a new cross-currency swap agreement with JPMorgan Chase Bank and Royal Bank of Scotland PLC (the “counterparties”) (the “replacement swap agreement”).

Upon the termination of the cross-currency swap agreement with Wells Fargo on September 30, 2010, the current fair value of the terminated cross-currency swap was $450,000 (the “cash settlement amount”). The cash settlement amount paid to Wells Fargo was recorded in other long term assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets and is being amortized over the remaining life of the underlying transaction, assuming such payments remain probable. As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the value of the cash settlement amount was $0.4 million.

Under the terms of the replacement swap agreement, the Company pays Euros based on a €38.3 million notional value and a fixed rate of 5.00% and receives U.S. dollars based on a notional value of $52.0 million and a fixed rate of 4.635%. The expiration date is December 30, 2016, the date upon which the underlying intercompany debt, to which the replacement swap agreement applies, matures. The replacement swap agreement is designated as a cash flow hedge and therefore the Company recognized the unrealized gain (loss) on the change in fair value, net of tax, within other comprehensive income.

Interest rate swap

In June 2008, the Company entered into a three-year fully amortizable interest rate swap agreement (the “Swap”) with a notional amount of $150.0 million and an expiration date of June 30, 2011. During the fourth quarter of 2008, as a result of declining interest rates and a LIBOR floor in the Company’s former credit facility, the Swap was no longer deemed highly effective. Special hedge accounting was no longer applied and fair value adjustments were reported in current earnings. On June 29, 2010, the Company settled the Swap with the financial institution holder of the derivative instrument. As part of the terms of the buyout of the Swap, the Company paid $4.8 million to the financial institution holder.

 

9. Fair value measurements

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Non-financial assets and liabilities of the Company measured at fair value include any long-lived assets or equity method investments that are impaired in a currently reported period. The authoritative guidance also describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1     quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities
Level 2     observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities
Level 3     unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data available, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions

 

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As of March 31, 2011, the Company held financial instruments including cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, short-term bank borrowings, accounts payable, long-term secured debt and a cross-currency derivative contract. Cash equivalents consist of short-term, highly liquid, income-producing investments, all of which have original maturities of 90 days or less, including money market funds. Restricted cash, accounts receivable, short-term bank borrowings and accounts payable approximate fair value due to the short-term maturities of these instruments. The Credit Facilities carry a floating rate of interest, and therefore, the carrying value is considered to approximate the fair value. The derivative instrument is related to the Company’s foreign currency hedge of certain intercompany debt.

The Company’s cross-currency derivative instrument is the only financial instrument recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. This instrument consists of an over-the-counter contract, which is not traded on a public exchange. The fair value of the swap contract is determined based on inputs that are readily available in public markets or can be derived from information available in publicly quoted markets. Therefore, the Company has categorized the swap contract as a Level 2 derivative financial instrument. The Company also considers counterparty credit risk and its own credit risk in its determination of all estimated fair values. The Company has consistently applied these valuation techniques in all periods presented.

The fair value of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities on a recurring basis were as follows:

 

(US$ in thousands)

   Balance
March 31,  2011
    Level 1      Level 2     Level 3  

Derivative financial instruments (1)

         

Cash flow hedges

         

Cross-currency hedge

   $ (2,368   $ —         $ (2,368   $ —     

 

(1) See Note 8, Derivative Instruments .

 

10. Comprehensive income (loss)

Accumulated other comprehensive income is comprised of foreign currency translation adjustments and the effective portion of the gain from the Company’s cross-currency swap, which is designated and accounted for as a cash flow hedge (refer to Note 8). The components of and changes in accumulated other comprehensive income were as follows:

 

(US$ in thousands)

   Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
     Fair Value  of
Cross -Currency
Swap
     Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
 

Balance at December 31, 2010

   $ 5,085       $ 305       $ 5,390   

Unrealized gain on cross-currency swap, net of tax of $640

     —           1,102         1,102   

Foreign currency translation adjustment (1)

     1,988         —           1,988   
                          

Balance at March 31, 2011

   $ 7,073       $ 1,407       $ 8,480   
                          

 

(1) As the cash generally remains permanently invested in the non-U.S. dollar denominated foreign subsidiaries, no deferred taxes are recognized on the related foreign currency translation adjustment.

 

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Comprehensive (loss) income was comprised of the following components:

 

     Three Months Ended
March  31,
 

(US$ in thousands)

   2011     2010  

Net (loss) income

   $ (35,801   $ 17,492   

Other comprehensive (loss) income:

    

Unrealized gain (loss) on cross-currency swap, net of tax

     1,102        (445

Foreign currency translation adjustment

     1,988        (2,897
                

Total comprehensive (loss) income

   $ (32,711   $ 14,150   
                

 

11. Earnings per share

For the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, there were no adjustments to net (loss) income for purposes of calculating basic and diluted net (loss) income available to common shareholders. The following is a reconciliation of the weighted average shares used in the basic and diluted net (loss) income per common share computations.

 

     Three Months Ended
March  31,
 
     2011      2010  

Weighted average common shares-basic

     17,937,280         17,489,315   

Effect of dilutive securities:

     

Unexercised stock options net of treasury share repurchase

     —           267,784   
                 

Weighted average common shares-diluted

     17,937,280         17,757,099   
                 

No adjustment has been made in the three months ended March 31, 2011 for any common stock equivalents because their effects would be anti-dilutive. For the three months ended March 31, 2011, potentially dilutive shares totaled 211,196.

Options to purchase shares of common stock with exercise prices in excess of the average market price of common shares are not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share. There were 1,783,844 and 1,771,304 outstanding options not included in the diluted earnings per share computation for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively, because the inclusion of these options was anti-dilutive.

 

12. Share-based compensation

All share-based compensation costs are measured at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award, and are recognized as expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations over the requisite service period. Commencing in June 2007, the Company offered restricted shares in addition to stock options as a form of share-based compensation.

The following table shows the detail of share-based compensation by line item in the condensed consolidated statements of operations:

 

     Three Months Ended
March  31,
 

(US$ in thousands)

   2011      2010  

Cost of sales

   $ 40       $ 98   

Sales and marketing

     628         980   

General and administrative

     790         1,823   

Research and development

     51         112   
                 

Total

   $ 1,509       $ 3,013   
                 

 

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There were no performance requirements for share-based compensation awarded to employees.

During the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, there were 296,487 and 405,327 shares, respectively, of common stock issued related to stock purchase plan issuances, stock option exercises and the vesting of restricted stock awards.

 

13. Income taxes

The Company’s worldwide effective tax rate was (21%), representing a tax provision on a pre-tax loss and 33%, representing a tax provision on pre-tax income during the first quarters of 2011 and 2010, respectively. The principal factors affecting the Company’s effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2011 are charges related to U.S. Government inquiries, for which the Company receives no tax benefit, the Company’s mix of earnings among various tax jurisdictions state taxes, and current period losses in certain foreign jurisdictions for which the Company does not currently provide a tax benefit. The Company has not recorded a tax benefit associated with the expense attributable to the charges related to U.S. Government inquiries due to the uncertainty of the extent to which these expenses will be deductible for income tax purposes. A formal analysis of final settlement documents will be required to determine the nature and amount of the anticipated tax deductions if any. The effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2011 was 38% excluding the impact of the discrete charges related to the U.S. Government inquiries for which no benefit was recorded. The effective tax rate of 33% for the first quarter of 2010 was affected by the gain on the sale of vascular operations and the mix of earnings among various tax jurisdictions. Excluding the sale of the Company’s vascular operations, the Company’s effective tax rate would have been approximately 38% for the first quarter of 2010.

As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company’s gross unrecognized tax benefit, inclusive of interest and penalties, was $1.0 million. The Company recognizes potential accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits within its global operations in income tax expense. As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the Company had approximately $0.4 million accrued for payment of interest and penalties. All of the unrecognized tax benefits would affect the Company’s effective tax rate, if recognized. The Company does not anticipate that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits will change materially over the next twelve months.

The Company files a consolidated income tax return in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and numerous consolidated and separate income tax returns in many state and foreign jurisdictions. The statute of limitations with respect to federal tax authorities is closed for years prior to December 31, 2007. The statute of limitations for the various state tax filings is closed in most instances for years prior to December 31, 2006. The statute of limitations with respect to the major foreign tax filing jurisdictions is closed for years prior to December 31, 2006.

 

14. Business segment information

The Company’s segment information is prepared on the same basis that the Company’s management reviews the financial information for operational decision making purposes. Beginning January 1, 2011, the Company began managing its business by its three GBUs, which are comprised of Spine, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine. These GBUs represent the current segments in which the Company’s Chief Operating Decision Maker reviews financial information and makes resource allocation decisions among business units. Accordingly, the Company’s segment information (as provided below) has been prepared based on the Company’s three GBUs reporting segments. Prior year disclosures have been revised to conform to these new GBU reporting segments. These new segments are discussed below.

Spine

Spine provides a portfolio of non-invasive and implantable products that allow physicians to successfully treat a variety of spinal conditions. This business unit specializes in the design, development and marketing of the Company’s spine implant products along with bone growth stimulation and biologics products used in spine applications. Spine distributes its products through a network of distributors, sales representatives and affiliates. This business unit uses both direct and distributor sales representatives to sell spine products to hospitals, doctors, and other healthcare providers, primarily in the U.S.

 

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Orthopedics

Orthopedics provides a comprehensive portfolio of non-invasive and implantable products that allow physicians to successfully treat a variety of orthopedic conditions unrelated to spine. This business unit specializes in the design, development and marketing of the Company’s orthopedic implant products along with bone growth stimulation and biologics products used in orthopedic applications. Orthopedics distributes its products through a network of distributors, sales representatives and affiliates. This business unit uses both direct and distributor sales representatives to sell orthopedics products to hospitals, doctors, and other healthcare providers globally.

Sports Medicine

Sports Medicine designs, manufactures and distributes a portfolio of non-invasive products that allow physicians and clinicians to treat a variety of sports medicine related conditions in order to minimize pain and restore mobility to their patients. Sports Medicine distributes products through a network of domestic and international distributors, sales representatives, and affiliates to hospitals, doctors and other healthcare providers, primarily in the U.S.

Corporate

Corporate activities are comprised of the operating expenses of Orthofix International N.V. and its U.S. holding company subsidiary, Orthofix Holdings, Inc., along with activities not necessarily identifiable with the three GBUs.

Segment Information

The table below presents external net sales by market sector:

 

     External Net Sales by Market Sector  
     Three Months Ended March 31,  

(US$ in thousands)

   2011      2010      Reported
Growth
    Constant
Currency
Growth
 

Spine Products

          

Stimulation

   $ 38,618       $ 41,930         (8 )%      (8 )% 

Implants and Biologics

     33,957         29,753         14     14
                                  

Total Spine Products

     72,575         71,683         1     1

Orthopedics Products

     40,473         38,282         6     4

Sports Medicine Products

     24,743         23,602         5     5
                                  

Total Strategic Products

     137,791         133,567         3     3

Divested Products (1)

     1,374         5,256         (74 )%      (74 )% 
                                  

Total Net Sales

   $ 139,165       $ 138,823         —       —  
                                  

 

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(1) Divested Products sales for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 include $1.4 million and $3.1 million, respectively, related to the vascular business which was divested in March 2010 (see Note 16). This revenue represents amounts recognized in 2010 prior to the March 2010 sale date as well as revenue generated in the first quarter 2010 and 2011 from the transition services supply agreement that commenced upon the sale of the business. In addition, sales for the three months ended March 31, 2010 also include $2.2 million related to the anesthesia product line. The Company exited its anesthesia product line after the expiration of its distribution agreement in the United Kingdom during the second quarter of 2010.

The tables below reconcile net sales by market sector to the Company’s GBU reporting segments:

 

     Sales by GBU for the Three Months Ended March 31,  2011  

(US$ in thousands)

   Spine      Orthopedics      Sports Medicine      Total  

Spine Products

           

Stimulation

   $ 38,618       $ —         $ —         $ 38,618   

Implants and Biologics

     33,957         —           —           33,957   
                                   

Total Spine Products

     72,575         —           —           72,575   

Orthopedics Products

     —           40,473         —           40,473   

Sports Medicine Products

     —           —           24,743         24,743   
                                   

Total Strategic Products

     72,575         40,473         24,743         137,791   

Divested Products

     —           —           1,374         1,374   
                                   

Total Net Sales

   $ 72,575       $ 40,473       $ 26,117       $ 139,165   
                                   
     Sales by GBU for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2010  

(US$ in thousands)

   Spine      Orthopedics      Sports Medicine      Total  

Spine Products

           

Stimulation

   $ 41,930       $ —         $ —         $ 41,930   

Implants and Biologics

     29,753         —           —           29,753   
                                   

Total Spine Products

     71,683         —           —           71,683   

Orthopedics Products

     —           38,282         —           38,282   

Sports Medicine Products

     —           —           23,602         23,602   
                                   

Total Strategic Products

     71,683         38,282         23,602         133,567   

Divested Products

     —           2,187         3,069         5,256   
                                   

Total Net Sales

   $ 71,683       $ 40,469       $ 26,671       $ 138,823   
                                   

 

Operating (Loss) Income by GBU

(US$ in thousands)

   Three Months Ended
March  31,
 
   2011     2010  

Spine (1)

   $ (15,915   $ 19,571   

Orthopedics (2)

     (3,630     3,338   

Sports Medicine (3)

     1,327        14,404   

Corporate (4)

     (7,843     (5,368
                

Total

   $ (26,061   $ 31,945   
                

 

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(1) For the three months ended March 31, 2011, the operating loss for the Spine GBU included $36.5 million and $3.3 million of expenses in connection with charges related to U.S. Government inquiries and legal costs associated with those inquiries, respectively (see Note 18).
(2) For the three months ended March 31, 2011, the operating loss for the Orthopedics GBU included $6.5 million and $1.1 million of expenses in connection with charges related to U.S. Government inquiries and legal costs associated with those inquiries, respectively (see Note 18).
(3) For the three months ended March 31, 2010, the operating income for the Sports Medicine GBU included $12.6 million from the gain on sale of vascular operations (see Note 16).
(4) For the three months ended March 31, 2011, the operating loss for the Corporate GBU included $3.0 million of expenses in connection with charges related to U.S. Government inquiries (see Note 18).

 

15. Restructuring charges

In the fourth quarter of 2010, the Company initiated a reorganization plan to further streamline operations and lower operating costs within its Spine, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine GBUs. During the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $0.4 million in Spine and $3.2 million in Orthopedics which were related to employee severance costs. No further restructuring costs are anticipated. Employee severance payments will extend through the third quarter of 2011.

The following table presents changes in the restructuring liability, which is included within other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010:

 

(US$ in thousands)

   Severance  

Balance at December 31, 2010

   $ 1,638   

Charges under 2010 plan

     —     

Cash payments

     (1,173
        

Balance at March 31, 2011

   $ 465   
        

 

16. Sale of vascular operations

On March 8, 2010, the Company entered into an asset purchase agreement (the “APA”) in which the Company agreed to sell substantially all of its vascular operations related to the A-V IMPULSE SYSTEM ® and related accessories (including finished products inventory and tangible assets). At the closing, the Company received payment of approximately $27.7 million, which amount included the estimated value of certain finished products inventory conveyed at the closing and remains subject to post-closing verification.

Pursuant to the APA, the Company agreed to enter into certain transition arrangements at the closing, including (i) a transition services agreement pursuant to which, among other things, the Company agreed to continue to provide operational support with respect to the transferred assets in certain jurisdictions for a period of up to five months, and (ii) two separate supply agreements for certain ImPads for a period of two years and provide other products for a period of 90 days. During the second and third quarters of 2010, the Company completed the transition services agreement and one of the supply agreements (which supplies the other products). The Company also agreed to enter into a five-year noncompetition agreement at closing with respect to the business of the assets being transferred. Due to the continuing contractual involvement of these agreements, the transaction did not meet the criteria for presentation as discontinued operations.

 

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The following table presents the value of the asset disposition, proceeds received, net of litigation settlement costs and gain on sale of vascular operations as shown in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2010.

 

(US$ in thousands)

   Total  

Cash proceeds, net of litigation (1)

   $ 24,193   

Less:

  

Transaction related expenses

     1,699   

Inventory

     1,570   

Tangible assets

     799   

Identifiable intangible assets

     543   

Goodwill

     7,031   
        

Gain on sale of vascular operations

     12,551   

Income tax expense

     (3,498
        

Gain on sale of vascular operations, net of taxes

   $ 9,053   
        

 

(1) In conjunction with the sale of the vascular operations, the Company settled an outstanding litigation claim by the former patent holders for $3.5 million.

 

17. Contingencies

Litigation

On or about July 23, 2007, the Company’s subsidiary, Blackstone Medical, Inc. (“Blackstone”) received a subpoena issued by the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General, under the authority of the federal healthcare anti-kickback and false claims statutes. The subpoena seeks documents for the period January 1, 2000 through July 31, 2006, which is prior to Blackstone’s acquisition by the Company. The Company believes that the subpoena concerns the compensation of physician consultants and related matters. On September 17, 2007, the Company submitted a claim for indemnification from the escrow fund established in connection with the agreement and plan of merger between the Company, New Era Medical Corp. and Blackstone, dated as of August 4, 2006 (the “Blackstone Merger Agreement”), for any losses to the Company resulting from this matter. (The Company’s indemnification rights under the Blackstone Merger Agreement are described further below). The Company was subsequently notified by legal counsel for the former shareholders that the representative of the former shareholders of Blackstone has objected to the indemnification claim and intends to contest it in accordance with the terms of the Blackstone Merger Agreement.

On or about January 7, 2008, the Company received a federal grand jury subpoena from the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts. The subpoena seeks documents from the Company for the period January 1, 2000 through July 15, 2007. The Company believes that the subpoena concerns the compensation of physician consultants and related matters, and further believes that it is associated with the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General’s investigation of such matters. On September 18, 2008, the Company submitted a claim for indemnification from the escrow fund established in connection with the Blackstone Merger Agreement for any losses to the Company resulting from this matter. On or about April 29, 2009, counsel received a HIPAA subpoena issued by the U.S. Department of Justice. The subpoena seeks documents from the Company for the period January 1, 2000 through July 15, 2007. The Company believes that the subpoena concerns the compensation of physician consultants and related matters, and further believes that it is associated with the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General’s investigation of such matters, as well as the January 7, 2008 federal grand jury subpoena. On or about August 26, 2010, counsel for Orthofix Inc. and Blackstone executed a tolling agreement with the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts (the “Tolling Agreement”) that extends an agreement tolling the statute of limitations applicable to any criminal, civil, or administrative proceedings that the government might later initiate to include the period from December 1, 2008 through and including October 31, 2010. On or about February 1, 2011, the parties further extended the tolling of the statute of limitations through and including May 31, 2011 with respect to any criminal proceedings that the government might later initiate.

 

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On or about December 5, 2008, the Company obtained a copy of a qui tam complaint filed by Susan Hutcheson and Philip Brown against Blackstone and the Company in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. A qui tam action is a civil lawsuit brought by an individual for an alleged violation of a federal statute, in which the U.S. Department of Justice has the right to intervene and take over the prosecution of the lawsuit at its option. On November 21, 2008, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a notice of non-intervention in the case. The complaint was served on Blackstone on or about March 24, 2009. Counsel for the plaintiffs filed an amended complaint on June 4, 2009. The amended complaint sets forth a cause of action against Blackstone under the False Claims Act for alleged inappropriate payments and other items of value conferred on physician consultants; Orthofix is not named as a defendant in the amended complaint. The Company believes that this lawsuit is related to the matters described above involving the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts, and the U.S. Department of Justice. The Company intends to defend vigorously against this lawsuit. On September 18, 2008, after being informed of the existence of the lawsuit by representatives of the U.S. Department of Justice and prior to the unsealing of the complaint (which was unsealed by the court on or about November 24, 2008), the Company submitted a claim for indemnification from the escrow fund established in connection with the Blackstone Merger Agreement for any losses to the Company resulting from this matter. On or about March 12, 2010, the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts granted Blackstone’s motion to dismiss and, on March 15, 2010, entered judgment in favor of Blackstone. The case is currently pending appeal at the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.

On or about September 27, 2007, Blackstone received a federal grand jury subpoena issued by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Nevada (“USAO-Nevada subpoena”). The subpoena seeks documents for the period from January 1999 to the date of issuance of the subpoena. The Company believes that the subpoena concerns payments or gifts made by Blackstone to certain physicians. On February 29, 2008, Blackstone received a Civil Investigative Demand (“CID”) from the Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office, Public Protection and Advocacy Bureau, Healthcare Division. The CID seeks documents for the period from March 2004 through the date of issuance of the CID, and the Company believes that the CID concerns Blackstone’s financial relationships with certain physicians and related matters. The Ohio Attorney General’s Office, Health Care Fraud Section has issued a criminal subpoena, dated August 8, 2008, to Orthofix Inc. (the “Ohio AG subpoena”). The Ohio AG subpoena seeks documents for the period from January 1, 2000 through the date of issuance of the subpoena. The Company believes that the Ohio AG subpoena arises from a government investigation that concerns the compensation of physician consultants and related matters. On September 18, 2008, the Company submitted a claim for indemnification from the escrow fund established in connection with the Blackstone Merger Agreement for any losses to the Company resulting from the USAO-Nevada subpoena, the Massachusetts CID and the Ohio AG subpoena.

By order entered on January 4, 2007, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas unsealed a qui tam complaint captioned Thomas v. Chan, et al., 4:06-cv-00465-JLH, filed against Dr. Patrick Chan, Blackstone and other defendants including another device manufacturer. The amended complaint in the Thomas action alleges causes of action under the False Claims Act for alleged inappropriate payments and other items of value conferred on Dr. Chan and another provider. The Company believes that Blackstone has meritorious defenses to the claims alleged and the Company intends to defend vigorously against this lawsuit. On or about May 10, 2010 the Court granted the parties’ joint motion to stay all proceedings for six months, which stay has subsequently been extended indefinitely. On September 17, 2007, the Company submitted a claim for indemnification from the escrow fund established in connection with the Blackstone Merger Agreement for any losses to the Company resulting from this matter. The Company was subsequently notified by legal counsel for the former shareholders that the representative of the former shareholders of Blackstone has objected to the indemnification claim and intends to contest it in accordance with the terms of the Blackstone Merger Agreement.

Under the Blackstone Merger Agreement, the former shareholders of Blackstone have agreed to indemnify the Company for breaches of representations and warranties under the agreement as well as certain other specified matters. These post-closing indemnification obligations of the former Blackstone shareholders are limited to a cumulative aggregate amount of $66.6 million. At closing, an escrow fund was established pursuant to the terms of the Blackstone Merger Agreement to fund timely submitted indemnification claims. The initial amount of the escrow fund was $50.0 million. As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the escrow fund, which has subsequently accrued interest, contained $52 million. The Company is also entitled to seek direct personal recourse against certain principal shareholders of Blackstone after all monies on deposit in the escrow fund have been paid

 

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out or released or are the subject of pending or unresolved indemnification claims but only for a period of six years from the closing date of the merger and only up to an amount equal to $66.6 million less indemnification claims previously paid.

In addition to the foregoing claims, the Company has submitted claims for indemnification from the escrow fund for losses that have resulted or may result from certain civil actions filed against Blackstone as well as certain claims against Blackstone alleging rights to payments for Blackstone stock options not reflected in Blackstone’s corporate ledger at the time of its acquisition by the Company, or that the shares or stock options subject to those claims were improperly diluted by Blackstone. To date, the representative of the former shareholders of Blackstone has not objected to approximately $1.5 million in such claims from the escrow fund, with certain claims remaining pending.

Although the Company believes amounts submitted to the escrow fund, net of any reserve, represent valid claims and are realizable, the outcome of each of the escrow claims described above in the preceding paragraphs is difficult to predict. Consequently, any estimate of the amount that may ultimately be returned to the Company from the escrow fund is not certain and there can be no assurance that losses to the Company from these matters will not exceed the amount of the escrow fund. Expenses incurred by the Company relating to the above matters are recorded as an escrow receivable in the condensed consolidated financial statements to the extent the Company believes, among other things, that collection of the claims is reasonably assured. Expenditures related to such matters for which the Company believes collection is doubtful are recognized in earnings when incurred. As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the escrow receivable was approximately $15.2 million and $14.9 million, respectively, related to the Blackstone matters described above. These amounts include, among other things, attorneys’ fees and costs related to the government investigations manifested by the subpoenas described above, the stock option-related claims described above, and costs related to the qui tam actions described above. As described above, these reimbursement claims are generally being contested by the representative of the former shareholders of Blackstone. To mitigate the risk that some reimbursement claims will not be collected, the Company records a reserve against the escrow receivable during the period in which reimbursement claims are recognized.

Effective October 29, 2007, Blackstone entered into a settlement agreement of a patent infringement lawsuit brought by certain affiliates of Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA Inc. In that lawsuit, the Medtronic plaintiffs had alleged that they were the exclusive licensees of certain U.S. patents and that Blackstone’s making, selling, offering for sale and using its Blackstone Anterior Cervical Plate, 3 Degree Anterior Cervical Plate, Hallmark Anterior Cervical Plate, Reliant Cervical Plate, Pillar PEEK and Construx Mini PEEK VBR System products within the U.S. willfully infringed the subject patents. Blackstone denied infringement and asserted that the patents were invalid. The settlement agreement is not expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows. On July 20, 2007, the Company submitted a claim for indemnification from the escrow fund established in connection with the Blackstone Merger Agreement for any losses to the Company resulting from this matter. The Company was subsequently notified by legal counsel of the former shareholders that the representative of the former shareholders of Blackstone has objected to the indemnification claim and intends to contest it in accordance with the terms of the Blackstone Merger Agreement.

On or about April 10, 2009, the Company received a HIPAA subpoena (“HIPAA subpoena”) issued by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts (the “Boston USAO”). The subpoena sought documents concerning, among other things, the promotion and marketing of the bone growth stimulator devices. The Boston USAO issued supplemental subpoenas seeking documents in this matter, dated September 21, 2009, December 16, 2009, October 13, 2010, October 14, 2010, October 18, 2010, December 3, 2010 and January 13, 2011, respectively. The subpoenas seek documents for the period January 1, 1995 through the date of the respective subpoenas. Document production in response to the subpoenas is ongoing. The Boston USAO also issued two supplemental subpoenas requiring testimony in this matter dated July 23, 2009 and June 3, 2010. That office excused performance with the July 23, 2009 subpoena indefinitely. The Boston USAO has provided the Company with grand jury subpoenas for the testimony of certain current and former employees in connection with its ongoing investigation. The Company has been and intends to continue to cooperate with the government’s requests. In meetings with the Company and its attorneys regarding this matter, the Boston USAO informed the Company that it is investigating possible criminal and civil violations of federal law related to the promotion and marketing of its bone growth stimulator devices.

 

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On or about April 14, 2009, the Company obtained a copy of a qui tam complaint filed by Jeffrey J. Bierman in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts against the Company, Orthofix Inc. and other companies that have allegedly manufactured bone growth stimulation devices, including Orthologic Corp., DJO Incorporated, Reable Therapeutics, Inc., the Blackstone Group, L.P., Biomet, Inc., EBI, L.P., EBI Holdings, Inc., EBI Medical Systems, Inc., Bioelectron, Inc., LBV Acquisition, Inc., and Smith & Nephew, Inc. By order entered on March 24, 2009, the court unsealed the case. The Company and Orthofix Inc. were served on or about September 8, 2009. With leave of court, Relator’s Second Amended Complaint was filed on June 11, 2010. The complaint alleges various causes of action under the federal False Claims Act and state and city false claims acts premised on the contention that the defendants improperly promoted the sale, as opposed to the rental, of bone growth stimulation devices. The complaint also includes claims against the defendants for, among other things, allegedly misleading physicians and purportedly causing them to file false claims and for allegedly violating the Anti-Kickback Act by providing free products to physicians, waiving patients’ insurance co-payments and providing inducements to independent sales agents to generate business. The Company believes that this lawsuit is related to the matter described above involving the HIPAA subpoena. On or about December 4, 2010, the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts denied the Company’s motion to dismiss.

With respect to the matters related to the HIPAA subpoena and Bierman qui tam complaint, see Note 18.

On or about July 2, 2009, the Company obtained a copy of a qui tam complaint filed by Marcus Laughlin that is pending in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts against the Company. The complaint has been consolidated with the complaint described in the immediately preceding paragraph, and was unsealed on June 30, 2009. The Company was served with the complaint on or about September 9, 2009. With leave of Court, Relator filed a Second Amended Complaint on June 23, 2010 against the Company and against Orthofix Inc. The complaint alleges violations of the federal False Claims Act and various state and local false claims acts, fraudulent billing, illegal kickbacks, conspiracy and wrongful termination based on allegations that the Company promoted the sale rather than the rental of bone growth stimulation devices, systematically overcharged for these products and provided physicians kickbacks in the form of free units, referral fees and fitting fees. The complaint also alleges that TRICARE has been reimbursing the Company for its Cervical Stim ® product without approval to do so. On or about November 4, 2010, the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts granted in part and denied in part the Company’s motion to dismiss. The Court dismissed all claims against Orthofix Inc., and dismissed all claims against the Company except for Laughlin’s employment retaliation claim. The Court denied Laughlin’s request to amend the complaint to attempt to re-assert the dismissed claims. Thereafter, the Company filed a motion for judgment on the pleadings with respect to the employment retaliation claim. On May 4, 2011 the Court denied the Company’s request to enter judgment in our favor, but agreed that the complaint fails to satisfy the pleading requirements necessary to allege a retaliation claim against the Company. The Court allowed Laughlin until May 18, 2011 to file an amended complaint with respect to this wrongful termination claim, in order to attempt to cure these deficiencies.

The Company’s subsidiary, Breg, Inc (“Breg”), was engaged in the manufacturing and sale of local infusion pumps for pain management from 1999 to 2008, when the product line was divested. Since 2008, numerous product liability cases have been filed in the United States alleging that the local anesthetic, when dispensed by such infusion pumps inside a joint, causes a rare arthritic condition called “chondrolysis.” The Company believes that meritorious defenses exist to these claims and Breg intends to vigorously defend these cases. On or about August 2, 2010, Breg received a HIPAA subpoena issued by the U.S. Department of Justice, which the Company believes relates to this matter. The subpoena seeks documents from the Company and its subsidiaries for the period January 1, 2000 through the date of the subpoena. Document production in response to the subpoena is ongoing.

Breg is currently engaged in the manufacturing and sales of motorized cold therapy units used to reduce pain and swelling. Beginning in 2010, several domestic product liability cases have been filed, mostly in California state court, alleging that the use of cold therapy causes skin and/or nerve injury and seeking damages on behalf of individual plaintiffs who were allegedly injured by such units. These cases are at an early stage and no conclusion can be drawn at the present time regarding their potential outcome. However, the Company believes that meritorious defenses exist to these claims.

 

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During the second quarter of 2010 internal management review of Promeca S.A. de C.V. (“Promeca”), one of the Company’s Mexican subsidiaries, the Company received allegations of improper payments, allegedly made by certain of Promeca’s local employees in Mexico, to employees of a Mexican governmental healthcare entity. The Company engaged Hogan Lovells US LLP and Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP to conduct an internal investigation (the “Promeca Internal Investigation”) focusing on compliance with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) and voluntarily contacted the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and the United States Department of Justice (“DOJ”) to advise both agencies that an internal investigation is underway. Promeca accounted for approximately one percent of the Company’s consolidated net sales and consolidated total assets. On or about November 16, 2010, the Company received a subpoena from the SEC and DOJ seeking documents related to this matter. The Company is cooperating with the SEC and DOJ in connection with the subpoena. With respect to this matter, see Note 18 for update.

The Company cannot predict with certainty the outcome of any proceedings, settlement discussions with the government or claims made against the Company or its subsidiaries described in the preceding paragraphs and there can be no assurance that the ultimate resolution of any claim will not have a material adverse impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In addition to the foregoing, in the normal course of business, the Company is involved in various lawsuits from time to time and may be subject to certain other contingencies. To the extent losses related to these contingencies are both probable and estimable, the Company provides appropriate amounts in the accompanying financial statements.

 

18. Subsequent Events

Subsequent to March 31, 2011, the Company reached an agreement in principle with the Boston USAO to resolve criminal and civil matters related to the previously disclosed government investigations of its bone growth stimulation business (see Note 17). The Company is currently in discussions with the Boston USAO, and expects to initiate discussions with the Office of Inspector General (“OIG”) of the Department of Health and Human Services in the near term, as to the final terms of a potential resolution of this matter. Based on information currently available, the Company believes that it is probable that a settlement with the U.S. Government will be reached and will, among other things, include monetary payments and certain related costs and expenses of approximately $43 million. The Company has therefore recorded a charge for this amount during the first quarter of 2011. The final settlement is subject to the negotiation and execution of definitive agreements with the Boston USAO, the DOJ, and the OIG of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.

The Company recorded a further charge of $3 million to establish an accrual in connection with the potential fines and penalties related to possible FCPA violations that it voluntarily reported to the U.S. Government in June 2010 and concerning its former Mexican orthopedic distribution entity. The Company completed its Promeca Internal Investigation in April 2011 and anticipates commencing potential settlement discussions with the U.S. government regarding this matter in late May 2011. The Company’s establishment of this accrual is based on the results of its own internal investigation and an analysis of recent and similar FCPA resolutions. Further, based on the information available at this time any additional loss related to this matter is not reasonably estimable. The Company will continue to evaluate the accrual pending final resolution of the investigation and the related settlement discussions with the government; actual liability could be higher than the amount accrued.

There can be no assurance that the Company will enter into a consensual resolution of either of these two matters, or what the final terms of any such resolutions might be.

Although neither of these matters has concluded, the Company believes that the costs for which the charges have been recognized during the first quarter of 2011 are probable of being incurred and paid during 2011. The potential settlements represent recognizable subsequent events and, in accordance with U.S. GAAP, the Company recorded certain charges associated with the potential settlement costs. These amounts are included in the caption “Charges related to U.S. Government inquiries” in the Company’s first quarter 2011 condensed consolidated statements of operations and in “Accrued charges related to U.S. Government inquiries” on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2011. In May 2011, the Company obtained an amendment to the Credit Agreement to provide additional capacity under the various restrictive negative covenants for the payment by the Company of the costs and expenses associated with each of these settlements (see Note 7).

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis addresses our liquidity, financial condition and results of our operations for the three months ended March 31, 2011 compared to our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2010. These discussions should be read in conjunction with our historical consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto and the other financial information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010.

General Overview

We are a diversified orthopedic products company offering a broad line of surgical and non-surgical products for the Spine, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine segments. Our products are designed to address the lifelong bone-and-joint health needs of patients of all ages, helping them achieve a more active and mobile lifestyle. We design, develop, manufacture, market and distribute medical equipment used principally by musculoskeletal medical specialists for orthopedic applications. Our main products are invasive and minimally invasive spinal implant products and related human cellular and tissue based products (“HCT/P products”), non-invasive bone growth stimulation products used to enhance the success rate of spinal fusions and to treat non-union fractures, external and internal fixation devices used in fracture treatment, limb lengthening and bone reconstruction, and bracing products used for ligament injury prevention, pain management and protection of surgical repair to promote faster healing. Our products also include a device for cold therapy, bone cement and devices for removal of bone cement used to fix artificial implants.

We believe the keys to reaching our financial goals for 2011 include:

 

   

The successful introduction and market launch of new products across our three global business units.

 

   

An enhancement to the coverage and quality of our distribution networks across all business units primarily in the U.S.

 

   

A decrease in operating expenses as a percentage of revenues as we continue to leverage our operating infrastructure against the increase in revenues noted above.

 

   

The successful navigation and potential resolution of our ongoing government investigation activities.

We have administrative and training facilities in the United States (“U.S.”) and Italy and manufacturing facilities in the U.S., the United Kingdom, Italy and Mexico. We directly distribute our products in the U.S., the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, France, Belgium, Brazil and Puerto Rico. In several other markets, we distribute our products through independent distributors.

Our condensed consolidated financial statements include the financial results of our Company and our wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries and entities over which we have control. All intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.

Our reporting currency is the U.S. Dollar. All foreign currency denominated balance sheet accounts, except shareholders’ equity, are translated at period-end exchange rates and revenue and expense items are translated at weighted average rates of exchange prevailing during the period. Gains and losses resulting from the translation of foreign currency are recorded in the accumulated other comprehensive income component of shareholders’ equity. Transactional foreign currency gains and losses, including those generated from intercompany operations, are included in other expense, net on our condensed consolidated statements of operations and were $1.0 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Our business is generally not seasonal in nature. However, sales associated with products for elective procedures appear to be influenced by the somewhat lower level of such procedures performed in the late summer. Certain of the Breg ® bracing products experience greater demand in the fall and winter corresponding with high school and college football schedules and winter sports. We do not consider the backlog of firm orders to be material. In addition, we do not believe our operations will be significantly affected by inflation. However, in the ordinary course of business, we are exposed to the impact of changes in interest rates and foreign currency fluctuations. Our objective is to limit the impact of such movements on earnings and cash flows. In order to achieve this objective, we seek to balance non-dollar denominated income and expenditures.

 

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Through December 31, 2010, we managed our operations as five reportable segments: Domestic, Spinal Implants and Biologics, Breg, International and Group. Beginning January 1, 2011, we began managing our business by our three global business units (“GBUs”), which are comprised of Spine, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine. These GBUs represent the current segments in which our Chief Operating Decision Maker reviews financial information and makes resource allocation decisions among business units. Accordingly, our segment information (as provided below) has been prepared based on our three GBUs reporting segments. Prior year disclosures have been revised to conform to these new GBU reporting segments. These new segments are discussed below. Corporate activities not necessarily identifiable with the three GBUs are recorded as part of Corporate. We have designated Presidents (or GBU leaders) to lead the various segments:

Spine

Spine provides a portfolio of non-invasive and implantable products that allow physicians to successfully treat a variety of spinal conditions. This business unit specializes in the design, development and marketing of our spine implant products along with bone growth stimulation and biologics products used in spine applications. Spine distributes its products through a network of distributors, sales representatives and affiliates. This business unit uses both direct and distributor sales representatives to sell spine products to hospitals, doctors and other healthcare providers, primarily in the U.S.

Orthopedics

Orthopedics provides a comprehensive portfolio of non-invasive and implantable products that allow physicians to successfully treat a variety of orthopedic conditions unrelated to spine. This business unit specializes in the design, development and marketing of our orthopedic implant products along with bone growth stimulation and biologics products used in orthopedic applications. Orthopedics distributes its products through a network of distributors, sales representatives and affiliates. This business unit uses both direct and distributor sales representatives to sell orthopedics products to hospitals, doctors and other healthcare providers globally.

Sports Medicine

Sports Medicine designs, manufactures and distributes a portfolio of non-invasive products that allow physicians and clinicians to treat a variety of sports medicine related conditions in order to minimize pain and restore mobility to their patients. Sports Medicine distributes products through a network of domestic and international distributors, sales representatives and affiliates to hospitals, doctors and other healthcare providers, primarily in the U.S.

Corporate

Corporate activities are comprised of the operating expenses of Orthofix International N.V. and its U.S. holding company subsidiary, Orthofix Holdings, Inc., along with activities not necessarily identifiable with the three GBUs.

 

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GBU and Market Sector Revenues

The following table displays net sales by market sector for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010. We assess our performance based on these GBUs and market sectors. We maintain our records and account for net sales, costs of sales and expenses by GBU.

 

     External Net Sales by Market Sector  
     Three Months Ended March 31,  

(US$ in thousands)

   2011      2010      Reported
Growth
    Constant
Currency
Growth
 

Spine Products

          

Stimulation

   $ 38,618       $ 41,930         (8 )%      (8 )% 

Implants and Biologics

     33,957         29,753         14     14
                                  

Total Spine Products

     72,575         71,683         1     1

Orthopedics Products

     40,473         38,282         6     4

Sports Medicine Products

     24,743         23,602         5     5
                                  

Total Strategic Products

     137,791         133,567         3     3

Divested Products (1)

     1,374         5,256         (74 )%      (74 )% 
                                  

Total Net Sales

   $ 139,165       $ 138,823         —       —  
                                  

 

(1) Divested Products sales for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 include $1.4 million and $3.1 million, respectively, related to the vascular business which we divested in March 2010. This revenue represents amounts recognized in 2010 prior to the March 2010 sale date as well as revenue generated in the first quarter 2010 and 2011 from the transition services supply agreement that commenced upon the sale of the business. In addition, sales for the three months ended March 31, 2010 also include $2.2 million related to the anesthesia product line. We exited the anesthesia product line after the expiration of our distribution agreement in the United Kingdom during the second quarter of 2010.

The tables below reconcile net sales by market sector to our GBU reporting segments:

 

     Sales by GBU for the Three Months Ended March 31,  2011  

(US$ in thousands)

   Spine      Orthopedics      Sports Medicine      Total  

Spine Products

           

Stimulation

   $ 38,618       $ —         $ —         $ 38,618   

Implants and Biologics

     33,957         —           —           33,957   
                                   

Total Spine Products

     72,575         —           —           72,575   

Orthopedics Products

     —           40,473         —           40,473   

Sports Medicine Products

     —           —           24,743         24,743   
                                   

Total Strategic Products

     72,575         40,473         24,743         137,791   

Divested Products

     —           —           1,374         1,374   
                                   

Total Net Sales

   $ 72,575       $ 40,473       $ 26,117       $ 139,165   
                                   

 

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     Sales by GBU for the Three Months Ended March 31,  2010  

(US$ in thousands)

   Spine      Orthopedics      Sports Medicine      Total  

Spine Products

           

Stimulation

   $ 41,930       $ —         $ —         $ 41,930   

Implants and Biologics

     29,753         —           —           29,753   
                                   

Total Spine Products

     71,683         —           —           71,683   

Orthopedics Products

     —           38,282         —           38,282   

Sports Medicine Products

     —           —           23,602         23,602   
                                   

Total Strategic Products

     71,683         38,282         23,602         133,567   

Divested Products

     —           2,187         3,069         5,256   
                                   

Total Net Sales

   $ 71,683       $ 40,469       $ 26,671       $ 138,823   
                                   

The following table presents certain items from our condensed consolidated statements of operations as a percent of total net sales for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2011
(%)
    2010
(%)
 

Net sales

     100        100   

Cost of sales

     24        24   

Gross profit

     76        76   

Operating expenses:

    

Sales and marketing

     40        41   

General and administrative

     17        15   

Research and development

     4        5   

Amortization of intangible assets

     1        1   

Gain on sale of vascular operations

     —          (9

Charges related to U.S. Government inquiries

     33        —     

Operating (loss) income

     (19     23   

Net (loss) income

     (26     13   

Three Months Ended March 31, 2011 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2010

Net sales increased $0.4 million to $139.2 million in the first quarter of 2011 compared to $138.8 million for the same period last year. The impact of foreign currency increased sales by $0.5 million during the first quarter of 2011 when compared to the first quarter of 2010.

Sales

Net sales in our Spine GBU increased to $72.6 million in the first quarter of 2011 compared to $71.7 million for the same period last year, an increase of 1%. The increase in Spine’s net sales was partially the result of a 29% increase in sales of our biologics products when compared to the same period in the prior year. In addition, sales in our thorocolumbar and interbody devices increased 17% and 8%, respectively, for the first quarter of 2011 compared to the same period in the prior year due to increased sales of our Firebird™ pedicle screw system and our Pillar™ SA interbody device. These sales increases were partially offset by a decrease of 8% in our spine stimulation products, respectively, in the first quarter of 2011 when compared to the same period in the prior year, primarily as a result of the ongoing industry wide investigation of the bone growth stimulation business and industry reimbursement challenges.

 

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Net sales in our Orthopedics GBU increased to $40.5 million in the first quarter of 2011 compared to $38.3 million for the same period last year, an increase of 6%. The impact of foreign currency increased Orthopedics’s net sales by 1% or $0.5 million, during the first quarter of 2011 as compared to the first quarter of 2010. This increase was led by our external fixation platform along with the increased use of Trinity® Evolution™ in orthopedic applications. Sales of our hardware products and biologics products increased 14% and 42%, respectively, during the first quarter of 2011 when compared with the same period last year. These sales increases were offset by a decrease in our Physio-Stim® product line.

Net sales in our Sports Medicine GBU increased to $24.7 million in the first quarter of 2011 compared to $23.6 million for the same period in the prior year, an increase of 5%. The increase in net sales was due to improved performances of our bracing product lines. The first quarter of 2011 also included revenue of $0.5 million from a billing business that was acquired during the first quarter of 2011.

Net sales of our Divested Products for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 include $1.4 million and $3.1 million, respectively, related to the vascular business which we divested in March 2010. This revenue represents amounts recognized in 2010 prior to the March 2010 sale date as well as revenue generated in the first quarter 2010 and in the first quarter 2011 from the transition services supply agreement that commenced upon the sale of the business. In addition, sales for the three months ended March 31, 2010 also include $2.2 million related to the anesthesia product line. We exited the anesthesia product line after the expiration of our distribution agreement in the United Kingdom during the second quarter of 2010.

Gross Profit – Our gross profit decreased $0.3 million to $105.8 million in the first quarter of 2011, compared to $106.1 million for the same period last year. Gross profit as a percent of net sales in the first quarter of 2011 was 76.0% compared to 76.4% for the same period last year. The gross profit in the first quarter of 2010 also includes the impact of a $1.9 million increase in the provision for inventory obsolescence recorded in connection with the discontinued U.S. Advent™ Cervical disc clinical trial. Excluding the impact of this adjustment, gross profit as a percent of net sales in the first quarter of 2010 would have been 77.8%. This reduction in the adjusted gross profit margin is primarily a result of increased pricing pressures in the U.S. spine fusion and sports medicine markets along with an unfavorable product and geographical sales mix.

Sales and Marketing Expense – Sales and marketing expense, which includes commissions, certain royalties and the bad debt provision, generally increase and decrease in relation to sales. Sales and marketing expense decreased $0.7 million, or 1%, to $55.6 million in the first quarter of 2011 compared to $56.3 million in the first quarter of 2010. As a percent of net sales, sales and marketing expense was 40.0% and 40.5% in the first quarter of 2011 and 2010, respectively.

General and Administrative Expense – General and administrative expense increased $1.5 million, or 7%, in the first quarter of 2011 to $23.0 million compared to $21.5 million in the first quarter of 2010. General and administrative expense as a percent of net sales was 16.5% in the first quarter of 2011 compared to 15.5% for the same period last year. The increase in general and administrative expense relates to increased legal costs associated with ongoing legal matters. During the first quarter of 2011, we incurred $4.4 million and $0.6 million of expenses related to the industry wide bone growth stimulation and Mexico FCPA investigations, respectively. These expenses were partially offset by a reduction in stock-based compensation expenses of $1.5 million in the three months ended March 31, 2011 when compared to the same period in the prior year and savings associated with our past restructuring activities.

Research and Development Expense – Research and development expense decreased $1.4 million in the first quarter of 2011 to $6.1 million compared to $7.5 million for the same period last year. As a percent of sales, research and development expense was 4.3% in the first quarter of 2011 compared to 5.4% for the same period last year. The decrease in research and development expenses in the first quarter of 2011 compared to the same period in the prior year was due to timing of spending related to our ongoing research, development and clinical activities.

Amortization of Intangible Assets – Amortization of intangible assets decreased $0.1 million in the first quarter of 2011 to $1.3 million compared to $1.4 million for the same period last year.

 

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Gain on Sale of Vascular Operations – Gain on sale of vascular operations was $12.6 million in the first quarter of 2010 and represented the gain on the sale of our vascular operations related to the A-V IMPULSE SYSTEM® and related accessories on March 8, 2010. No such gain was recorded in the first quarter of 2011.

Charges Related to U.S. Government Inquiries – Subsequent to March 31, 2011, we reached an agreement in principle with the U.S. Government to resolve criminal and civil matters related to the previously disclosed government investigations of our bone growth stimulation business. Based on information currently available, we believe that it is probable that a settlement with the U.S. Government will be reached and will, among other things, include monetary payments and certain related costs and expenses of approximately $43 million. We have therefore recorded a charge for this amount during the first quarter of 2011. There can be no assurance that we will enter into a consensual resolution of this matter with the Boston USAO or OIG, or what the terms of any such resolution might be.

We also recorded a further charge of $3 million to establish an accrual in connection with the potential fines and penalties related to possible Foreign Corrupt Practices Act violations that we voluntarily reported to the U.S. Government in June 2010 concerning our former Mexican orthopedic distribution entity. We completed our Promeca Internal Investigation in April 2011 and anticipate commencing potential settlement discussions with the U.S. government regarding this matter in late May 2011. The establishment of this accrual is based on the results of our own internal investigation and an analysis of recent and similar FCPA resolutions. Further, based upon the information available at this time any additional loss related to this matter is not reasonably estimable. We will continue to evaluate the accrual pending final resolution of the investigation and the related settlement discussions with the government; actual liability could be higher than the amount accrued.

Although neither of these matters has concluded, we believe that the costs for which the charges have been recognized during the first quarter are probable of being incurred and paid during 2011. We have recorded these charges associated with the potential settlement costs as “Charges related to U.S. Government inquiries.”

Interest Expense, net – Interest expense, net was $2.4 million for the first quarter of 2011 compared to $5.8 million for the same period last year, primarily as the result of a lower rate of effective interest and a lower year over year outstanding debt balance.

Gain on Interest Rate Swap – In June 2008, we entered into a three-year fully amortizable interest rate swap agreement (the “Swap”) with a notional amount of $150.0 million and an expiration date of June 30, 2011. During the fourth quarter of 2008, as a result of declining interest rates and a LIBOR floor in our former credit facility, the Swap was no longer deemed highly effective. Special hedge accounting was no longer applied and fair value adjustments were reported in current earnings. On June 29, 2010, we settled the Swap with the financial institution holder of the derivative instrument. For the three months ended March 31, 2010, we recorded a gain of $0.3 million related to the change in the fair value of the Swap. The Swap was settled on June 29, 2010.

Other Expense, net – Other expense, net was $1.1 million and $0.3 million for the first quarter of 2011 and 2010, respectively. The increase can be mainly attributable to the effect of foreign exchange. Several of our foreign subsidiaries hold trade payables or receivables in currencies (most notably the U.S. Dollar) other than their functional (local) currency which results in foreign exchange gains or losses when there is relative movement between those currencies.

Income Tax Expense – Our worldwide effective tax rate was (21%), representing a tax provision on a pre-tax loss, and 33%, representing a tax provision on pre-tax income during the first quarters of 2011 and 2010, respectively. The effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2011 was impacted by discrete charges related to U.S. Government inquiries, for which we recorded no tax benefit, the mix of earnings among tax jurisdictions, state taxes and current period losses in certain foreign jurisdictions for which we do not currently provide a tax benefit. We have not recorded a tax benefit associated with the expense attributable to the charges related to U.S. Government inquiries due to the uncertainty of the extent to which these expenses will be deductible for income tax purposes. A formal analysis of final settlement documents will be required to determine the nature and amount of the anticipated tax deductions if any. The effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2011 was 38% excluding the impact of the discrete charges related to U.S. Government inquiries for which no benefit was recorded. The effective tax rate of 33% for the first quarter of 2010 was affected by the gain on the sale of vascular operations and the mix of earnings among various tax jurisdictions. Excluding the sale of our vascular operations, our effective tax rate would have been approximately 38% for the first quarter of 2010. We incur losses in a number of foreign jurisdictions for which we do not currently recognize a tax benefit. We do not believe that it is more likely than not that we will generate sufficient future income in these jurisdictions to allow for the utilization of these losses before their expiration.

 

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Net (Loss) Income – Net loss for the first quarter of 2011 was $35.8 million, or ($2.00) per basic and diluted share, compared to net income of $17.5 million, or $1.00 per basic and $0.99 per diluted share for the same period last year. The weighted average number of basic common shares outstanding was 17,937,280 and 17,489,315 during the first quarters of 2011 and 2010, respectively. The weighted average number of diluted common shares outstanding was 17,937,280 and 17,757,099 during the first quarters of 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash and cash equivalents at March 31, 2011 were $48.8 million, of which $25.4 million was subject to certain restrictions under the senior secured credit agreement described below. This compares to cash and cash equivalents of $36.5 million at December 31, 2010, of which $22.9 million was subject to certain restrictions under the senior secured credit agreement discussed below.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $18.8 million and $3.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Net cash provided by operating activities is comprised of net (loss) income, non-cash items (including depreciation and amortization, provision for doubtful accounts, provision for inventory obsolescence, share-based compensation, deferred income taxes and gain on sale of vascular operations) and changes in working capital. Net income decreased $53.3 million to a net loss of ($35.8) million for the three months ended March 31, 2011 from net income of $17.5 million for the comparable period in the prior year. Non-cash items for the three months ended March 31, 2011 increased $12.1 million to $9.7 million compared to a decrease of $2.4 million in the same period of 2010 primarily as a result of the net gain on the sale of vascular operations of $12.6 million. Working capital accounts provided $44.9 million of cash in the three months ended March 31, 2011 compared to $11.1 million for the same period last year. The principal change in working capital can be mainly attributed to charges related to U.S. Government inquiries of $46.0 million and an improved trade accounts receivable cash inflow of $9.7 million, primarily the result of our Italian subsidiary factoring $5.5 million of its trade accounts receivable to an outside agency during the first quarter of 2011. Overall performance indicators for our two primary working capital accounts, accounts receivable and inventory, reflect days sales in receivables of 87 days at March 31, 2011 and March 31, 2010 and inventory turns of 1.4 times at March 31, 2011 compared to 1.5 times at March 31, 2010. Also included in cash used in working capital in 2011 were $0.3 million in costs related to matters occurring at Blackstone prior to the acquisition and for which we are seeking reimbursement from the applicable escrow fund.

Net cash used in investing activities was $10.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011 compared to net cash provided by investing activities of $19.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010. During the first quarter of 2010, we sold our vascular operations with cash proceeds, net of litigation settlement costs, for $24.2 million. During the first quarter of 2011, we acquired 100% of the stock of Omni Motion, Inc. for a cash purchase price of $5.3 million plus acquisition costs. During the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, we invested $5.7 million and $4.4 million in capital expenditures, respectively.

Net cash provided by financing activities was $1.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011 compared to net cash used in financing activities of $18.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010. During the three months ended March 31, 2011, we repaid approximately $1.3 million against the principal on our senior secured term loan compared to $19.8 million during the three months ended March 31, 2010. Our restricted cash balance usage decreased $2.0 million to $2.4 million compared to a usage of $4.4 million for the same period in 2010. During the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, we received proceeds of $7.3 million and $4.6 million, respectively, from the issuance of 296,487 shares and 405,327 shares, respectively, of our common stock related to stock purchase plan issuances, stock option exercises and the vesting of restricted stock awards.

On August 30, 2010, our wholly-owned U.S. holding company, Orthofix Holdings, Inc. (“Orthofix Holdings”) entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with certain of our domestic direct and indirect subsidiaries (the “Guarantors”), JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as Administrative Agent, RBS Citizens, N.A., as Syndication Agent, and certain lender parties thereto.

 

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The Credit Agreement provides for a five year, $200.0 million secured revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”), and a five year, $100.0 million secured term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”, and together with the Revolving Credit Facility, the “Credit Facilities”). Orthofix Holdings has the ability to increase the amount of the Credit Facilities by an aggregate amount of up to $50.0 million upon satisfaction of certain conditions.

As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, we had $97.5 million and $98.8 million, respectively, outstanding under the Term Loan Facility and $117.4 million outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility. Borrowings under the Credit Facilities bear interest at a floating rate, which is, at Orthofix Holdings’ option, either the London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus an applicable margin or a base rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement) plus an applicable margin (in each case subject to adjustment based on financial ratios). Such applicable margin will be up to 3.25% for LIBOR borrowings and up to 2.25% for base rate borrowings depending upon a measurement of the consolidated leverage ratio with respect to the immediately preceding four fiscal quarters. The principal amount of the Term Loan Facility amortizes at the rate of 5%, 15%, 25%, 25% and 30% in year 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. Amortization payments began on December 31, 2010 and end on December 31, 2015. Outstanding principal on the Revolving Credit Facility is due on December 31, 2015.

As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the entire Term Loan Facility of $97.5 million and $98.8 million, respectively, was at the LIBOR rate plus a margin of 3.00%. In addition, as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, $100.0 million of the Revolving Credit Facility was at the LIBOR rate plus a margin of 3.00% and the remaining $17.4 million of the Revolving Credit Facility was at a base rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement) plus a margin of 2.00%. The effective interest rate on the Credit Facilities as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was 3.4%.

The Credit Agreement requires us and Orthofix Holdings to comply with leverage and fixed charge coverage ratios on a consolidated basis. The Credit Agreement contains affirmative and negative covenants, including limitations on additional debt, liens, investments and acquisitions. We believe that we were in compliance with the affirmative covenants at March 31, 2011. The Credit Agreement also includes events of default customary for facilities of this type. A breach of any of these covenants could result in an event of default under the Credit Agreement, which could permit acceleration of the debt payments under the facility.

In May 2011, we obtained an amendment to the Credit Agreement (the “Amended Credit Agreement”) to provide additional capacity under the various restrictive negative covenants for the payment by us of the Specified Settlement Amounts (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) associated with each of the potential settlements. The amendment updates the definition of Consolidated EBITDA to exclude Specified Settlement Amounts of up to $50 million in the aggregate. As a result of the Amended Credit Agreement, we continue to comply with the leverage and fixed charge coverage ratios and the covenants set forth in the Amended Credit Agreement. We believe that we were in compliance with these financial covenants as measured at March 31, 2011. As defined in the Amended Credit Agreement, our leverage ratio cannot exceed 3.25 and our fixed charge ratio must be greater than or equal to 1.25. At March 31, 2011, our leverage and fixed charge ratios were 2.40 and 2.96, respectively.

As defined in the Amended Credit Agreement, the leverage ratio we cannot exceed is 3.25 for the life of the agreement and the fixed charge coverage ratio must be greater or equal to 1.25 for the life of the agreement. Based on our projected earnings, we believe that we should be able to meet these financial covenants in future fiscal quarters; however, there can be no assurance that we will be able to do so, and failure to do so could result in an event of default under the credit agreement, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial position.

Certain of our subsidiaries have restrictions on their ability to pay dividends or make intercompany loan advances pursuant to the Credit Facilities. The net assets of Orthofix Holdings and its subsidiaries are restricted for distributions to the parent company. Our domestic subsidiaries, as parties to the credit agreement, have access to these net assets for operational purposes, debt repayments, and payment of Specified Settlement Amounts. The amount of restricted net assets of Orthofix Holdings and its subsidiaries as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was $191.7 million and $178.5 million, respectively. In addition, the Credit Agreement restricts us and our subsidiaries that are not parties to the Credit Facilities from access to cash held by Orthofix Holdings and its subsidiaries. The amount of our restricted cash as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was $25.4 million and $22.9 million, respectively.

 

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In conjunction with obtaining the Credit Facilities, we incurred debt issuance costs of $4.3 million which are being amortized using the effective interest method over the life of the Credit Facilities. As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, debt issuance costs, net of accumulated amortization, related to the Credit Agreement were $3.7 million and $3.9 million, respectively.

At March 31, 2011, we had outstanding borrowings of €1.4 million ($2.0 million) and unused available lines of credit of approximately €5.9 million ($8.3 million) under a line of credit established in Italy to finance the working capital of our Italian operations. The terms of the line of credit give us the option to borrow amounts in Italy at rates determined at the time of borrowing.

We believe that current cash balances together with projected cash flows from operating activities, the availability of the $82.6 million revolving credit facility, the available Italian line of credit and our debt capacity are sufficient to cover the Specified Settlement Amounts, anticipated working capital and capital expenditure needs including research and development costs and research and development projects formerly mentioned, over the near term.

In the fourth quarter of 2010, we initiated a reorganization plan to further streamline operations and lower operating costs within our Spine, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine GBUs. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we recorded restructuring charges of $0.4 million in Spine and $3.2 million in Orthopedics which were related to employee severance costs. No further restructuring costs are anticipated. Employee severance payments will extend through the third quarter of 2011.

The following table presents changes in the restructuring liability, which is included within other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010:

 

(US$ in thousands)

   Severance  

Balance at December 31, 2010

   $ 1,638   

Charges under 2010 plan

     —     

Cash payments

     (1,173
        

Balance at March 31, 2011

   $ 465   
        

On March 8, 2010, we entered into an asset purchase agreement (the “APA”) in which we agreed to sell substantially all of our vascular operations related to the A-V IMPULSE SYSTEM® and related accessories (including finished products inventory and tangible assets). At the closing, we received payment of approximately $27.7 million, which amount included the estimated value of certain finished products inventory conveyed at the closing and remains subject to post-closing verification.

Pursuant to the APA, we agreed to enter into certain transition arrangements at the closing, including (i) a transition services agreement pursuant to which, among other things, we agreed to continue to provide operational support with respect to the transferred assets in certain jurisdictions for a period of up to five months, and (ii) two separate supply agreements for certain ImPads for a period of two years and provide other products for a period of 90 days. During the second and third quarters of 2010, we completed the transition services agreement and one of the supply agreements (which supplies the other products). We also agreed to enter into a five-year noncompetition agreement at closing with respect to the business of the assets being transferred. Due to the continuing contractual involvement of these agreements, the transaction did not meet the criteria for presentation as discontinued operations.

 

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The following table presents the value of the asset disposition, proceeds received, net of litigation settlement costs and gain on sale of vascular operations as shown in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2010.

 

(US$ in thousands)

   Total  

Cash proceeds, net of litigation (1)

   $ 24,193   

Less:

  

Transaction related expenses

     1,699   

Inventory

     1,570   

Tangible assets

     799   

Identifiable intangible assets

     543   

Goodwill

     7,031   
        

Gain on sale of vascular operations

     12,551   

Income tax expense

     (3,498
        

Gain on sale of vascular operations, net of taxes

   $ 9,053   
        

 

(1) In conjunction with the sale of the vascular operations, we settled an outstanding litigation claim by the former patent holders for $3.5 million.

Subsequent to March 31, 2011, we reached an agreement in principle with the Boston USAO to resolve criminal and civil matters related to the previously disclosed government investigations of its bone growth stimulation business (see Note 17). We are currently in discussions with the Boston USAO, and expect to initiate discussions with the Office of Inspector General (“OIG”) of the Department of Health and Human Services in the near term, as to the final terms of a potential resolution of this matter. Based on information currently available, we believe that it is probable that a settlement with the U.S. Government will be reached and will, among other things, include monetary payments and certain related costs and expenses of approximately $43 million. We have therefore recorded a charge for this amount during the first quarter of 2011. The final settlement is subject to the negotiation and execution of definitive agreements with the Boston USAO, the DOJ, and the OIG of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.

We recorded a further charge of $3 million to establish an accrual in connection with the potential fines and penalties related to possible FCPA violations that we voluntarily reported to the U.S. Government in June 2010 and concerning our former Mexican orthopedic distribution entity. We completed our Promeca Internal Investigation in April 2011 and anticipate commencing potential settlement discussions with the U.S. government regarding this matter in late May 2011. The establishment of this accrual is based on the results of our own internal investigation and an analysis of recent and similar FCPA resolutions. Further, based upon the information available at this time any additional loss related to this matter is not reasonably estimable. We will continue to evaluate the accrual pending final resolution of the investigation and the related settlement discussions with the government; actual liability could be higher than the amount accrued.

There can be no assurance that we will enter into a consensual resolution of either of these two matters, or what the final terms of any such resolutions might be.

Although neither of these matters has concluded, we believe that the costs for which the charges have been recognized during the first quarter of 2011 are probable of being incurred and paid during 2011. The potential settlements represent recognizable subsequent events and, in accordance with U.S. GAAP, we recorded certain charges associated with the potential settlement costs. These amounts are included in the caption “Charges related to U.S. Government inquiries” in our first quarter 2011 condensed consolidated statements of operations and in “Accrued charges related to U.S. Government inquiries” on the balance sheet as of March 31, 2011. In May 2011, we obtained an amendment to the Credit Agreement to provide additional capacity under the various restrictive negative covenants for the payment by us of the costs and expenses associated with each of these settlements. It is our intention to fund as much of the payment with cash-on-hand when the payments are due and draw any additional amounts from our revolving credit facility.

 

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are exposed to certain market risks as part of our ongoing business operations. Primary exposures include changes in interest rates and foreign currency fluctuations. These exposures can vary sales, cost of sales, costs of operations and the cost of financing and yields on cash and short-term investments. We use derivative financial instruments, where appropriate, to manage these risks. However, our risk management policy does not allow us to hedge positions we do not hold nor do we enter into derivative or other financial investments for trading or speculative purposes. As of March 31, 2011, we had a currency swap in place to minimize foreign currency exchange risk related to a €38.3 million intercompany note.

We are exposed to interest rate risk in connection with our Term Loan facility and Revolving Credit Facility, which bear interest at floating rates based on LIBOR plus an applicable borrowing margin or at a base rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement) plus an applicable borrowing margin. Therefore, interest rate changes generally do not affect the fair market value of the debt, but do impact future earnings and cash flows, assuming other factors are held constant.

As of March 31, 2011, the entire Term Loan Facility of $97.5 million is at the LIBOR rate plus a margin of 3.00%. As of March 31, 2011, $100.0 million of the Revolving Credit Facility is at the LIBOR rate plus a margin of 3.00% and the remaining $17.4 million of the Revolving Credit Facility is at a base (as defined in the Credit Agreement) plus a margin of 2.00%. These margins are adjusted based upon the measurement of the consolidated leverage ratio of our Company and our subsidiaries with respect to the immediately preceding four fiscal quarters. As of March 31, 2011, our effective interest rate on our Credit Facilities was 3.4%. Based on the balance outstanding under the Credit Facilities as of March 31, 2011, an immediate change of one percentage point in the applicable interest rate on the Term Loan Facility and Revolving Credit Facility would cause a change in interest expense of approximately $2.1 million annually.

Our foreign currency exposure results from fluctuating currency exchange rates, primarily the U.S. Dollar against the Euro, Great Britain Pound, Mexican Peso and Brazilian Real. We are subject to cost of goods currency exposure when we produce products in foreign currencies such as the Euro or Great Britain Pound and sell those products in U.S. Dollars. We are subject to transactional currency exposures when foreign subsidiaries (or the Company itself) enter into transactions denominated in a currency other than their functional currency. As of March 31, 2011, we had an un-hedged intercompany receivable denominated in Euro of approximately €23.2 million ($32.9 million). We recorded a foreign currency gain during the three months ended March 31, 2011 of $2.0 million related to this un-hedged long-term intercompany balance in accumulated other comprehensive income, which resulted from the strengthening of the Euro against the U.S. dollar during the period. For the three months ended March 31, 2011, we recorded a foreign currency loss of $1.0 million on our condensed consolidated statements of operations resulting from gains and losses in foreign currency transactions.

We also are subject to currency exposure from translating the results of our global operations into the U.S. dollar at exchange rates that have fluctuated from the beginning of the period. The U.S. dollar equivalent of international sales denominated in foreign currencies was favorably impacted during the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 by foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations with the weakening of the U.S. dollar against the local foreign currency during this period. As we continue to distribute and manufacture our products in selected foreign countries, we expect that future sales and costs associated with our activities in these markets will continue to be denominated in the applicable foreign currencies, which could cause currency fluctuations to materially impact our operating results.

 

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Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our President and Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice President of Finance, we performed an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a - 15(e) or 15d – 15 (e)) as of the end of the period covered by this Form 10-Q. Based upon that evaluation, our President and Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice President of Finance concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this Form 10-Q, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There have not been any changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2011 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

On or about July 23, 2007, our subsidiary, Blackstone Medical, Inc. (“Blackstone”) received a subpoena issued by the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General, under the authority of the federal healthcare anti-kickback and false claims statutes. The subpoena seeks documents for the period January 1, 2000 through July 31, 2006, which is prior to Blackstone’s acquisition by us. We believe that the subpoena concerns the compensation of physician consultants and related matters. On September 17, 2007, we submitted a claim for indemnification from the escrow fund established in connection with the agreement and plan of merger between us, New Era Medical Corp. and Blackstone, dated as of August 4, 2006 (the “Blackstone Merger Agreement”), for any losses to us resulting from this matter. (Our indemnification rights under the Blackstone Merger Agreement are described further below). We were subsequently notified by legal counsel for the former shareholders that the representative of the former shareholders of Blackstone has objected to the indemnification claim and intends to contest it in accordance with the terms of the Blackstone Merger Agreement.

On or about January 7, 2008, we received a federal grand jury subpoena from the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts. The subpoena seeks documents from us for the period January 1, 2000 through July 15, 2007. We believe that the subpoena concerns the compensation of physician consultants and related matters, and further believe that it is associated with the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General’s investigation of such matters. On September 18, 2008, we submitted a claim for indemnification from the escrow fund established in connection with the Blackstone Merger Agreement for any losses to us resulting from this matter. On or about April 29, 2009, counsel received a HIPAA subpoena issued by the U.S. Department of Justice. The subpoena seeks documents from us for the period January 1, 2000 through July 15, 2007. We believe that the subpoena concerns the compensation of physician consultants and related matters, and further believe that it is associated with the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General’s investigation of such matters, as well as the January 7, 2008 federal grand jury subpoena. On or about August 26, 2010, counsel for Orthofix Inc. and Blackstone executed a tolling agreement with the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts (the “Tolling Agreement”) that extends an agreement tolling the statute of limitations applicable to any criminal, civil, or administrative proceedings that the government might later initiate to include the period from December 1, 2008 through and including October 31, 2010. On or about February 1, 2011, the parties further extended the tolling of the statute of limitations through and including May 31, 2011 with respect to any criminal proceedings that the government might later initiate.

On or about December 5, 2008, we obtained a copy of a qui tam complaint filed by Susan Hutcheson and Philip Brown against Blackstone and us in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. A qui tam action is a civil lawsuit brought by an individual for an alleged violation of a federal statute, in which the U.S. Department of Justice has the right to intervene and take over the prosecution of the lawsuit at its option. On November 21, 2008, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a notice of non-intervention in the case. The complaint was served on Blackstone on or about March 24, 2009. Counsel for the plaintiffs filed an amended complaint on June 4, 2009. The amended complaint sets forth a cause of action against Blackstone under the False Claims Act for alleged inappropriate payments and other items of value conferred on physician consultants; Orthofix is not named as a defendant in the amended complaint. We believe that this lawsuit is related to the matters described above involving the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts, and the U.S. Department of Justice. We intend to defend vigorously against this lawsuit. On September 18, 2008, after being informed of the existence of the lawsuit by representatives of the U.S. Department of Justice and prior to the unsealing of the complaint (which was unsealed by the court on or about November 24, 2008), we submitted a claim for indemnification from the escrow fund established in connection with the Blackstone Merger Agreement for any losses to us resulting from this matter. On or about March 12, 2010, the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts granted Blackstone’s motion to dismiss and, on March 15, 2010, entered judgment in favor of Blackstone. The case is currently pending appeal at the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.

On or about September 27, 2007, Blackstone received a federal grand jury subpoena issued by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Nevada (“USAO-Nevada subpoena”). The subpoena seeks documents for the period from January 1999 to the date of issuance of the subpoena. We believe that the subpoena concerns payments or gifts made by Blackstone to certain physicians. On February 29, 2008, Blackstone received a Civil Investigative

 

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Demand (“CID”) from the Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office, Public Protection and Advocacy Bureau, Healthcare Division. The CID seeks documents for the period from March 2004 through the date of issuance of the CID, and we believe that the CID concerns Blackstone’s financial relationships with certain physicians and related matters. The Ohio Attorney General’s Office, Health Care Fraud Section has issued a criminal subpoena, dated August 8, 2008, to Orthofix Inc. (the “Ohio AG subpoena”). The Ohio AG subpoena seeks documents for the period from January 1, 2000 through the date of issuance of the subpoena. We believe that the Ohio AG subpoena arises from a government investigation that concerns the compensation of physician consultants and related matters. On September 18, 2008, we submitted a claim for indemnification from the escrow fund established in connection with the Blackstone Merger Agreement for any losses to us resulting from the USAO-Nevada subpoena, the Massachusetts CID and the Ohio AG subpoena.

By order entered on January 4, 2007, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas unsealed a qui tam complaint captioned Thomas v. Chan, et al., 4:06-cv-00465-JLH, filed against Dr. Patrick Chan, Blackstone and other defendants including another device manufacturer. The amended complaint in the Thomas action alleges causes of action under the False Claims Act for alleged inappropriate payments and other items of value conferred on Dr. Chan and another provider. We believe that Blackstone has meritorious defenses to the claims alleged and we intend to defend vigorously against this lawsuit. On or about May 10, 2010 the Court granted the parties’ joint motion to stay all proceedings for six months, which stay has subsequently been extended indefinitely. On September 17, 2007, we submitted a claim for indemnification from the escrow fund established in connection with the Blackstone Merger Agreement for any losses to us resulting from this matter. We were subsequently notified by legal counsel for the former shareholders that the representative of the former shareholders of Blackstone has objected to the indemnification claim and intends to contest it in accordance with the terms of the Blackstone Merger Agreement.

Under the Blackstone Merger Agreement, the former shareholders of Blackstone have agreed to indemnify us for breaches of representations and warranties under the agreement as well as certain other specified matters. These post-closing indemnification obligations of the former Blackstone shareholders are limited to a cumulative aggregate amount of $66.6 million. At closing, an escrow fund was established pursuant to the terms of the Blackstone Merger Agreement to fund timely submitted indemnification claims. The initial amount of the escrow fund was $50.0 million. As of March 31, 2011, the escrow fund, which has subsequently accrued interest, contained $52 million. We are also entitled to seek direct personal recourse against certain principal shareholders of Blackstone after all monies on deposit in the escrow fund have been paid out or released or are the subject of pending or unresolved indemnification claims but only for a period of six years from the closing date of the merger and only up to an amount equal to $66.6 million less indemnification claims previously paid.

In addition to the foregoing claims, we have submitted claims for indemnification from the escrow fund for losses that have resulted or may result from certain civil actions filed against Blackstone as well as certain claims against Blackstone alleging rights to payments for Blackstone stock options not reflected in Blackstone’s corporate ledger at the time of its acquisition by us, or that the shares or stock options subject to those claims were improperly diluted by Blackstone. To date, the representative of the former shareholders of Blackstone has not objected to approximately $1.5 million in such claims from the escrow fund, with certain claims remaining pending.

Although we believe amounts submitted to the escrow fund, net of any reserve, represent valid claims and are realizable, the outcome of each of the escrow claims described above in the preceding paragraphs is difficult to predict. Consequently, any estimate of the amount that may ultimately be returned to us from the escrow fund is not certain and there can be no assurance that losses to us from these matters will not exceed the amount of the escrow fund. Expenses incurred by us relating to the above matters are recorded as an escrow receivable in our condensed consolidated financial statements to the extent we believe, among other things, that collection of the claims is reasonably assured. Expenditures related to such matters for which we believe collection is doubtful are recognized in earnings when incurred. As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, the escrow receivable was approximately $15.2 million and $14.9 million, respectively, related to the Blackstone matters described above. These amounts include, among other things, attorneys’ fees and costs related to the government investigations manifested by the subpoenas described above, the stock option-related claims described above, and costs related to the qui tam actions described above. As described above, these reimbursement claims are generally being contested by the representative of the former shareholders of Blackstone. To mitigate the risk that some reimbursement claims will not be collected, we record a reserve against the escrow receivable during the period in which reimbursement claims are recognized.

 

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Effective October 29, 2007, Blackstone entered into a settlement agreement of a patent infringement lawsuit brought by certain affiliates of Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA Inc. In that lawsuit, the Medtronic plaintiffs had alleged that they were the exclusive licensees of certain U.S. patents and that Blackstone’s making, selling, offering for sale and using its Blackstone Anterior Cervical Plate, 3 Degree Anterior Cervical Plate, Hallmark Anterior Cervical Plate, Reliant Cervical Plate, Pillar PEEK and Construx Mini PEEK VBR System products within the U.S. willfully infringed the subject patents. Blackstone denied infringement and asserted that the patents were invalid. The settlement agreement is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows. On July 20, 2007, we submitted a claim for indemnification from the escrow fund established in connection with the Blackstone Merger Agreement for any losses to us resulting from this matter. We were subsequently notified by legal counsel of the former shareholders that the representative of the former shareholders of Blackstone has objected to the indemnification claim and intends to contest it in accordance with the terms of the Blackstone Merger Agreement.

On or about April 10, 2009, we received a HIPAA subpoena (“HIPAA subpoena”) issued by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts (the “Boston USAO”). The subpoena sought documents concerning, among other things, our promotion and marketing of our bone growth stimulator devices. The Boston USAO issued supplemental subpoenas seeking documents in this matter, dated September 21, 2009, December 16, 2009, October 13, 2010, October 14, 2010, October 18, 2010, December 3, 2010 and January 13, 2011, respectively. The subpoenas seek documents for the period January 1, 1995 through the date of the respective subpoenas. Document production in response to the subpoenas is ongoing. The Boston USAO also issued two supplemental subpoenas requiring testimony in this matter dated July 23, 2009 and June 3, 2010. That office excused performance with the July 23, 2009 subpoena indefinitely. The Boston USAO has provided us with grand jury subpoenas for the testimony of certain current and former employees in connection with its ongoing investigation. We have been, and intend to continue to cooperate with the government’s requests. In meetings with us and our attorneys regarding this matter, the Boston USAO informed us that it is investigating possible criminal and civil violations of federal law related to our promotion and marketing of our bone growth stimulator devices.

On or about April 14, 2009, we obtained a copy of a qui tam complaint filed by Jeffrey J. Bierman in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts against us, Orthofix Inc. and other companies that have allegedly manufactured bone growth stimulation devices, including Orthologic Corp., DJO Incorporated, Reable Therapeutics, Inc., the Blackstone Group, L.P., Biomet, Inc., EBI, L.P., EBI Holdings, Inc., EBI Medical Systems, Inc., Bioelectron, Inc., LBV Acquisition, Inc., and Smith & Nephew, Inc. By order entered on March 24, 2009, the court unsealed the case. We and Orthofix Inc. were served on or about September 8, 2009. With leave of court, Relator’s Second Amended Complaint was filed on June 11, 2010. The complaint alleges various causes of action under the federal False Claims Act and state and city false claims acts premised on the contention that the defendants improperly promoted the sale, as opposed to the rental, of bone growth stimulation devices. The complaint also includes claims against the defendants for, among other things, allegedly misleading physicians and purportedly causing them to file false claims and for allegedly violating the Anti-Kickback Act by providing free products to physicians, waiving patients’ insurance co-payments and providing inducements to independent sales agents to generate business. We believe that this lawsuit is related to the matter described above involving the HIPAA subpoena. On or about December 4, 2010, the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts denied our motion to dismiss.

In April 2011, we reached an agreement in principle with the Boston USAO to resolve the criminal and civil matters described in the immediately preceding two paragraphs. We are currently in discussions with the Boston USAO, and expect to initiate discussions with the Office of Inspector General (“OIG”) of the Department of Health and Human Services in the near term, as to the final terms of a potential resolution of these matters. Based on information currently available, we believe that it is probable that a settlement with the U.S. government will be reached and will, among other things, include monetary payments and certain related costs and expenses of approximately $43 million. We have therefore recognized a contingent liability for this amount during the first quarter of 2011. However, there can be no assurance that the Company will enter into a consensual resolution of these matters, or what the final terms of any such resolution might be.

 

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On or about July 2, 2009, we obtained a copy of a qui tam complaint filed by Marcus Laughlin that is pending in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts against us. The complaint has been consolidated with the complaint described in the Bierman qui tam matter described above, and was unsealed on June 30, 2009. We were served with the complaint on or about September 9, 2009. With leave of Court, Relator filed a Second Amended Complaint on June 23, 2010 against us and against Orthofix Inc. The complaint alleges violations of the federal False Claims Act and various state and local false claims acts, fraudulent billing, illegal kickbacks, conspiracy and wrongful termination based on allegations that we promoted the sale rather than the rental of bone growth stimulation devices, systematically overcharged for these products and provided physicians kickbacks in the form of free units, referral fees and fitting fees. The complaint also alleges that TRICARE has been reimbursing us for our Cervical Stim ® product without approval to do so. On or about November 4, 2010, the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts granted in part and denied in part our motion to dismiss. The Court dismissed all claims against Orthofix Inc., and dismissed all claims against us except for Laughlin’s employment retaliation claim. The Court denied Laughlin’s request to amend the complaint to attempt to re-assert the dismissed claims. Thereafter, we filed a motion for judgment on the pleadings with respect to the employment retaliation claim. On May 4, 2011 the Court denied our request to enter judgment in our favor, but agreed that the complaint fails to satisfy the pleading requirements necessary to allege a retaliation claim against us. The Court allowed Laughlin until May 18, 2011 to file an amended complaint with respect to this wrongful termination claim, in order to attempt to cure these deficiencies.

Our subsidiary, Breg, Inc (“Breg”), was engaged in the manufacturing and sale of local infusion pumps for pain management from 1999 to 2008, when the product line was divested. Since 2008, numerous product liability cases have been filed in the United States alleging that the local anesthetic, when dispensed by such infusion pumps inside a joint, causes a rare arthritic condition called “chondrolysis.” We believe that meritorious defenses exist to these claims and Breg intends to vigorously defend these cases. On or about August 2, 2010, Breg received a HIPAA subpoena issued by the U.S. Department of Justice, which we believe relates to this matter. The subpoena seeks documents from us and our subsidiaries for the period January 1, 2000 through the date of the subpoena. Document production in response to the subpoena is ongoing.

Breg is currently engaged in the manufacturing and sales of motorized cold therapy units used to reduce pain and swelling. Beginning in 2010, several domestic product liability cases have been filed, mostly in California state court, alleging that the use of cold therapy causes skin and/or nerve injury and seeking damages on behalf of individual plaintiffs who were allegedly injured by such units. These cases are at an early stage and no conclusion can be drawn at the present time regarding their potential outcome. However, we believe that meritorious defenses exist to these claims.

During the second quarter of 2010 internal management review of Promeca S.A. de C.V. (“Promeca”), one of our Mexican subsidiaries, we received allegations of improper payments, allegedly made by certain of Promeca’s local employees in Mexico, to employees of a Mexican governmental healthcare entity. We engaged Hogan Lovells US LLP and Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP to conduct an internal investigation (the “Promeca Internal Investigation”) focusing on compliance with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) and voluntarily contacted the SEC and the United States Department of Justice (“DOJ”) to advise both agencies that an internal investigation is underway. Promeca accounted for approximately one percent of our consolidated net sales and consolidated total assets. On or about November 16, 2010, we received a subpoena from the SEC and DOJ seeking documents related to this matter. We are cooperating with the SEC and DOJ in connection with the subpoena.

We completed the Promeca Internal Investigation in April 2011 and anticipate commencing settlement discussions with the U.S. government regarding this matter in late May 2011. We have established a $3 million accrual in connection with a potential settlement. We will continue to evaluate the accrual pending final resolution of the investigation and the related settlement discussions with the government; actual liability could be higher than the amount accrued. However, there can be no assurance that the Company will enter into a consensual resolution of this matter, or what the final terms of any such resolution might be.

We cannot predict with certainty the outcome of any proceedings, settlement discussions with the government or claims made against us or our subsidiaries described in the preceding paragraphs and there can be no assurance that the ultimate resolution of any claim will not have a material adverse impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

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In addition to the foregoing, in the normal course of our business, we are involved in various lawsuits from time to time and may be subject to certain other contingencies. To the extent losses related to these contingencies are both probable and estimable, we provide appropriate amounts in the accompanying financial statements.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

The following risk factors amend and supplement the risk factors contained in Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors,” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011, and should be read in conjunction with such risk factors:

We have reached an agreement in principle with the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts to resolve criminal and civil matters related to an investigation of our bone growth stimulation business, and have taken a charge of approximately $43 million. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to reach a final resolution of this matter on these terms or otherwise.

We recently reached an agreement in principle with the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts (the “Boston USAO”) to resolve criminal and civil matters related to the previously disclosed government investigations of our bone growth stimulation business. We are currently in discussions with the Boston USAO, and expect to initiate discussions with the Office of Inspector General (“OIG”) of the Department of Health and Human Services in the near term, as to the final terms of a potential resolution of these matters. Based on information currently available, we believe that it is probable that a settlement with the U.S. government will be reached and we have recorded a charge of approximately $43 million related to this matter during the first quarter of 2011. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to enter into a consensual resolution of these matters on these or other terms.

The failure to settle these matters on these terms or otherwise could adversely affect our business and operations. In addition, a final settlement of these matters could impose other regulatory or contractual restrictions on our business. If we are unable to comply with any such restrictions, or otherwise fail to meet the terms of any settlement, it could adversely affect our business and operations.

We recently completed investigating allegations of improper payments by local employees of one of our subsidiaries in Mexico and anticipate commencing settlement discussions with the U.S. government regarding this matter in late May 2011. We have established a $3 million accrual in connection with a potential settlement, but there can be no assurance that we will be able to settle this matter, whether for this amount or otherwise.

We recently completed the previously disclosed investigation into allegations of improper payments by employees of our Promeca S.A. de C.V. Mexican subsidiary in potential Foreign Corrupt Practices Act violations. We anticipate commencing settlement discussions with the U.S. government regarding this matter in late May 2011. We have established a $3 million accrual in connection with a potential settlement, and intend to continue to evaluate the accrual pending final resolution of the investigation and the related settlement discussions with the government. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to enter into a consensual resolution of this matter, or what the final terms of any such resolution might be. In addition, a final settlement of this matter could impose other regulatory or contractual restrictions on our business. If we are unable to comply with any such restrictions, or otherwise fail to meet the terms of any settlement, it could adversely affect our business and operations.

Our subsidiary, Orthofix Holdings, Inc.’s senior secured bank credit facility contains significant financial and operating restrictions, including financial covenants that we may be unable to satisfy in the future.

When we acquired Blackstone on September 22, 2006, one of our wholly owned subsidiaries, Orthofix Holdings, Inc. (“Orthofix Holdings”), entered into a senior secured bank credit facility with a syndicate of financial institutions to finance the transaction. On August 30, 2010, we entered into a new senior secured bank credit facility with a new syndicate of financial institutions, and used these borrowings to repay all amounts owed under the 2006 facility. We and certain of Orthofix Holdings’ direct and indirect subsidiaries, including Orthofix Inc., Breg, and Blackstone have guaranteed the obligations of Orthofix Holdings under the new senior secured bank facility. The

 

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new senior secured bank facility provides for (1) a five-year term loan facility of $100 million, of which $97.5 million was outstanding at March 31, 2011, and (2) a five-year revolving credit facility of $200 million upon which we had $117.4 million outstanding and $82.6 million available to be drawn as of March 31, 2011. The principal amount of the term loan facility amortizes at the rate of 5%, 15%, 25%, 25% and 30% in year 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. Amortization payments are due quarterly.

We believe we were in compliance with the affirmative covenants at March 31, 2011. In May 2011, we obtained an amendment to the Credit Agreement (the “Amended Credit Agreement”) to provide additional capacity under the various restrictive negative covenants for the payment by us of the Specified Settlement Amounts (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) associated with each of the potential settlements (see Note 18).

The credit agreement contains negative covenants applicable to us and our subsidiaries, including restrictions on indebtedness, liens, dividends and mergers and sales of assets. The credit agreement also contains certain financial covenants, including a fixed charge coverage ratio and a leverage ratio applicable to us and our subsidiaries on a consolidated basis. A breach of any of these covenants could result in an event of default under the credit agreement, which could permit acceleration of the debt payments under the facility. As a result of the Amended Credit Agreement, we believe that we were in compliance with the negative covenants at March 31, 2011 and there were no events of default. Further, we believe that we should be able to meet these financial covenants in future fiscal quarters, however, there can be no assurance that we will be able to do so, and failure to do so could result in an event of default under the credit agreement, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial position.

 

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Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit
Number

  

Description

  2.1    Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of August 4, 2006, among Orthofix International N.V., Orthofix Holdings, Inc., New Era Medical Limited, Blackstone Medical, Inc. and William G. Lyons, III, as Equityholders’ Representative (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed August 7, 2006 and incorporated herein by reference).
  2.2    Asset Purchase Agreement, dated as of March 8, 2010, by and between Tyco Healthcare Group LP d/b/a Covidien, Covidien AG, Mallinckrodt do Brasil Ltda, Kendall de Mexico S.A. de C.V., Novamedix Limited, Novamedix Distribution Limited, Novamedix Services Limited, Promeca S.A. de C.V., Orthofix do Brasil, Orthofix S.r.l., Orthofix S.A., Intavent Orthofix Limited, Breg Mexico S. de R.I. de CV, and Implantes y Sistemas Medicos, Inc. (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed March 9, 2010 and incorporated herein by reference).
  3.1    Certificate of Incorporation of the Company (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s annual report on Form 20-F dated June 29, 2001 and incorporated herein by reference).
  3.2    Articles of Association of the Company as amended (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2008 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.1    Credit Agreement, dated as of August 30, 2010, among Orthofix Holdings, Inc., Orthofix International N.V. and certain domestic subsidiaries of Orthofix International N.V., the several banks and other financial institutions as may from time to time become parties thereunder, and JPMorgan Chase, N.A. (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed August 31, 2010 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.2    First Amendment to Credit Agreement, dated May 4, 2011, among Orthofix Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation, Orthofix International N.V. (“Orthofix International”), a Netherlands Antilles corporation, certain domestic direct and indirect subsidiaries of Orthofix International, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as Administrative Agent, and certain lender parties thereto (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed May 5, 2011 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.3+    Matrix Commercialization Collaboration Agreement, entered into July 24, 2008, by and between Orthofix Holdings, Inc. and Musculoskeletal Transplant Foundation (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.4    Amendment No. 1 to Matrix Commercialization Collaboration Agreement, dated as of December 15, 2010, by and between Musculoskeletal Transplant Foundation, Inc. and Orthofix Holdings, Inc. (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.5*    Orthofix International N.V. Amended and Restated Stock Purchase Plan, as amended.
10.6    Orthofix International N.V. Amended and Restated 2004 Long Term Incentive Plan (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.7    Orthofix International N.V. Staff Share Option Plan, as amended through April 22, 2003 (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2007 and incorporated herein by reference).

 

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10.8    Amended and Restated Orthofix Deferred Compensation Plan (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed January 7, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference).
10.9    Form of Employee Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement (post-2008 grants) (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed July 7, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.10    Form of Non-Employee Director Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement (post-2008 grants) (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed July 7, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.11    Form of Nonqualified Stock Option Agreement under the Orthofix International N.V. Amended and Restated 2004 Long Term Incentive Plan (pre-2009 grants — vesting over 3 years) (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed June 20, 2008 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.12    Form of Nonqualified Stock Option Agreement under the Orthofix International N.V. Amended and Restated 2004 Long Term Incentive Plan (pre-2009 grants - 3 year cliff vesting) (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed June 20, 2008 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.13    Form of Restricted Stock Grant Agreement under the Orthofix International N.V. Amended and Restated 2004 Long Term Incentive Plan (pre-2011 grants – vesting over 3 years) (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed June 20, 2008 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.14    Form of Restricted Stock Grant Agreement under the Orthofix International N.V. Amended and Restated 2004 Long Term Incentive Plan (post-2010 grants – vesting over 3 years) (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.15    Form of Restricted Stock Grant Agreement under the Orthofix International N.V. Amended and Restated 2004 Long Term Incentive Plan (3 year cliff vesting) (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed June 20, 2008 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.16    Inducement Grant Nonqualified Stock Option Agreement between Orthofix International N.V. and Robert S. Vaters (filed as an exhibit to the current report on Form 8-K of Orthofix International N.V dated September 10, 2008 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.17    Inducement Stock Option Agreement between Orthofix International N.V. and Kevin L. Unger, dated August 17, 2009 (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed August 17, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.18*    Inducement Grant Nonqualified Stock Option Agreement, dated April 1, 2011, between Orthofix International N.V. and Vicente Trelles.

 

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10.19    Second Amended and Restated Performance Accelerated Stock Options Agreement between Orthofix International N.V. and Bradley R. Mason dated October 14, 2008 (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed October 15, 2008 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.20    Nonqualified Stock Option Agreement between Orthofix International N.V. and Bradley R. Mason dated October 14, 2008 (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed October 15, 2008 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.21    Form of Award Letter Regarding Special Retention Cash Bonus Award (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K/A filed on February 23, 2011 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.22*    Description of Director Compensation Policy.
10.23    Form of Indemnity Agreement (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.24    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, entered into and effective as of July 1, 2009, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Alan W. Milinazzo (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed July 7, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.25    Amendment No. 1 to Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, dated July 30, 2009, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Alan W. Milinazzo (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.26    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, entered into and effective as of July 1, 2009, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Robert S. Vaters (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed July 7, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.27    Amendment No. 1 to Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, dated July 30, 2009, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Robert S. Vaters (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.28    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, entered into and effective as of July 28, 2010, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Robert S. Vaters (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed August 3, 2010 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.29    Addendum to Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, entered into as of March 9, 2011, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Robert S. Vaters (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s quarterly report on current report on Form 8-K filed March 15, 2011 and incorporated herein by reference).

 

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10.30    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, entered into and effective as of July 1, 2009, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Michael M. Finegan (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed July 7, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.31    Amendment No. 1 to Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, dated August 4, 2009, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Michael M. Finegan (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.32    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, entered into on November 16, 2009, by and between Breg Inc. and Brad Lee (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.33    Amended and Restate Employment Agreement, entered into on February 11, 2011, by and between Breg, Inc. and Brad Lee (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.34    Employment Agreement, entered into on December 9, 2010, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Jeffrey M. Schumm (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.35    Employment Agreement, entered into as of March 2, 2011, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Brian McCollum (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s quarterly report on current report on Form 8-K filed March 7, 2011 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.36*    Employment Agreement, entered into as of April 1, 2011, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Vicente Trelles.
10.37    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, entered into on September 4, 2009, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Michael Simpson (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed September 11, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.38    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, entered into on July 28, 2010, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Michael Simpson (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed August 3, 2010 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.39    Separation Letter Agreement, dated February 7, 2011, between Orthofix Inc. and Michael Simpson (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed on February 10, 2011 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.40    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, dated December 6, 2007, between Orthofix Inc. and Raymond C. Kolls (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2007, as amended, and incorporated herein by reference).
10.41    Letter Agreement, dated July 25, 2009, between Orthofix Inc. and Raymond C. Kolls (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.42    Letter Agreement, dated January 29, 2010, between Orthofix Inc. and Raymond C. Kolls (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).

 

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10.43    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, entered into and effective as of July 1, 2009, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Bradley R. Mason (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed July 7, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.44    Amendment No. 1 to Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, dated July 31, 2009, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Bradley R. Mason (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.45    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, entered into on October 23, 2009 and effective as of November 1, 2009, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Bradley R. Mason (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.46    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, entered into on July 1, 2009, by and between Orthofix Inc. and Eric Brown (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.47    Separation Letter Agreement, dated January 10, 2011, between Orthofix Inc. and Eric Brown (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed January 14, 2011 and incorporated herein by reference).
10.48    Form of Amendment to Stock Option Agreements (for Alan W. Milinazzo, Robert S. Vaters, Bradley R. Mason, Michael M. Finegan and Michael Simpson) (filed as an exhibit to the Company’s current report on Form 8-K filed July 7, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
31.1*    Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Executive Officer.
31.2*    Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Financial Officer.
32.1*    Section 1350 Certification of Chief Executive Officer.
32.2*    Section 1350 Certification of Chief Financial Officer.

 

* Filed herewith.
+ Certain confidential portions of this exhibit were omitted by means of redacting a portion of the text. This exhibit has been filed separately with the Secretary of the Commission without redactions pursuant to our Application Requesting Confidential Treatment under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

    ORTHOFIX INTERNATIONAL N.V.
Date: May 10, 2011   By:  

/s/ Alan W. Milinazzo

    Name:   Alan W. Milinazzo
    Title:   Chief Executive Officer and President
Date: May 10, 2011   By:  

/s/ Brian McCollum

    Name:   Brian McCollum
   

Title:

 

Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice

President of Finance

 

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Exhibit 10.5

ORTHOFIX INTERNATIONAL N.V.

AMENDED AND RESTATED

STOCK PURCHASE PLAN, AS AMENDED

(showing changes through Amendment No. 4)

 

 

The Orthofix Inc. Employee Stock Purchase Plan is hereby amended, restated and renamed the “Orthofix International N.V. Amended and Restated Stock Purchase Plan,” and adopted by the Company, effective as of the Effective Date.

1. Purpose

The purpose of the Plan is to encourage eligible employees and directors to become owners of common stock of Orthofix International N.V., thereby giving them a greater interest in the growth and success of its business.

2. Definitions

The following definitions are used throughout the Plan:

(a) “ Board of Directors ” means the Board of Directors of the Company.

(b) “ Code ” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

(c) “ Committee ” means the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors. If, at any time, there is no acting Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors, the term “Committee” shall mean the Board of Directors.

(d) “ Company ” means Orthofix International N.V., or any successor to substantially all of its business.

(e) “ Director ” means a member of the Board of Directors who is not also an employee of the Company or of a Subsidiary and is not an Employee for purposes of this Plan.

(f) “ Effective Date ” means the date determined in accordance with Section 11.

(g) “ Employee ” means a full-time or part-time employee of the Company or of a Subsidiary that has been designated as a participating employer under the Plan. Notwithstanding the foregoing, unless otherwise prohibited by the laws of the local jurisdiction, “Employee” shall not mean a temporary employee.

(h) “ Fair Market Value ” means, as of any date that requires the determination of the Fair Market Value of Orthofix Stock under this Plan, the value of a share of Orthofix Stock on such date of determination, calculated as follows:

(i) If shares of Orthofix Stock are then listed or admitted to trading on a Nasdaq market system or a stock exchange which reports closing sale prices, the Fair Market Value shall be the closing sale price on such date on such Nasdaq market system or principal stock exchange on which the share is then listed or admitted to trading, or, if no closing sale price is quoted on such day, then the Fair Market Value shall be the closing sale price of the share on such Nasdaq market system or such exchange on the next preceding day on which a closing sale price is reported;

(ii) If shares of Orthofix Stock are not then listed or admitted to trading on a Nasdaq market system or a stock exchange which reports closing sale prices, the Fair Market Value shall be the average of the closing bid and asked prices of the share in the over-the-counter market on such date, or, if no closing bid and asked prices are reported on such day, then the Fair Market Value shall be the average of the closing bid and asked prices


of the share in the over-the-counter market on the next preceding day on which closing bid and asked prices are reported; or

(iii) If neither (i) nor (ii) is applicable as of such date, then the Fair Market Value shall be determined by the Committee in good faith using any reasonable method of evaluation, which determination shall be conclusive and binding on all interested parties.

(i) “ Orthofix Stock ” means the Common Stock of the Company, $.10 par value. Unless the context indicates otherwise, the terms “share” or “shares” shall refer to a share or shares of Orthofix Stock.

(j) “ Participant ” means an Employee or Director who elects to participate in the Plan; provided, however, that no employee shall be allowed to be a Participant at any time if such employee, after exercising his or her rights to purchase shares under the Plan, would beneficially own shares of the Company’s Common Stock (including shares that may be acquired under any outstanding options) representing five percent or more of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock of the Company. For purposes of the foregoing sentence, (i) an individual shall be considered as beneficially owning the stock owned, directly or indirectly, by or for his brothers and sisters (whether by the whole or half blood), spouse, ancestors, and lineal descendants, and (ii) stock owned, directly or indirectly, by or for a corporation, partnership, estate, or trust, shall be considered as being beneficially owned proportionately by or for its shareholders, partners, or beneficiaries.

(k) “Plan” means the Orthofix International N.V. Amended and Restated Stock Purchase Plan, as further amended from time to time.

(l) “ Plan Year ” means the 12-month period beginning on January 1 and ending on December 31.

(m) “ Subsidiary ” means (i) a domestic or foreign corporation, limited liability company, partnership or other entity with respect to which the Company, directly or indirectly, has the power, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise, to elect at least a majority of the members of such entity’s board of directors or analogous governing body or (ii) any other domestic or foreign corporation, limited liability company, partnership or other entity in which the Company, directly or indirectly, has an equity or similar interest and which the Committee designates as a Subsidiary for purposes of the Plan.

3. Shares Subject to the Plan

(a) The total number of shares of Orthofix Stock reserved and available for issuance pursuant to the Plan shall not exceed 1,850,000 shares. The shares of Orthofix Stock purchasable pursuant to the Plan may be authorized but previously unissued shares of Orthofix Stock or shares of Orthofix Stock held in treasury or purchased in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. The Company shall bear all costs in connection with issuance or transfer of any shares and all commissions, fees and other charges incurred in purchasing shares for distribution pursuant to the Plan.

(b) A Participant shall have no rights as a shareholder with respect to shares of Orthofix Stock purchasable pursuant to the Plan until the date the Participant or his nominee becomes the holder of record of such shares. No adjustment shall be made for dividends or other rights for which the record date is prior to such date.

(c) If the Committee determines that the total number of shares of Orthofix Stock to be purchased pursuant to the Plan on any particular date exceeds the number of shares then available for issuance under the Plan, the Committee shall make a pro rata allocation of the available shares on a uniform and non-discriminatory basis, and the payroll and other deductions of each Participant, to the extent in excess of the aggregate purchase price payable for the Orthofix Stock pro-rated to such individual, shall be refunded pursuant to Section 6.

4. Eligibility

Each Employee and Director (subject to Section 5(b) hereof) shall be eligible to participate in the Plan on the first day of any Plan Year, provided that he or she is actively employed or is a Director of the Company on such day.


5. Participation

(a) An eligible Employee shall become a Participant for any Plan Year by electing to contribute to the Plan, through payroll deductions, either a fixed amount or a percentage of his or her compensation for the Plan Year; provided, however, that such fixed amount or percentage shall not be less than 1% nor more than 25% (or such other percentage as the Committee may determine) of his or her compensation for the Plan Year. For purposes of the Plan, an Employee’s compensation shall mean (i) for non-commissioned employees, his or her regular salary or straight-time wages, overtime, bonuses, and all other forms of compensation, excluding any car allowance or relocation expense reimbursements; and (ii) for commissioned employees, his or her commissions, guaranteed payments, overtime, bonuses, and all other forms of compensation, excluding any car allowance or relocation expense reimbursements. An Employee’s election to participate in the Plan for any Plan Year shall be made prior to the beginning of such Plan Year on an authorized form and shall be made in accordance with procedures established by the Committee from time to time.

(b) An eligible Director shall become a Participant for any Plan Year by electing to contribute to the Plan, through a deduction of his or her annual director or other compensation paid in cash, either a fixed amount or a percentage of such director compensation for the Plan Year. A Director’s election to participate in the Plan for any Plan Year shall be made prior to the beginning of such Plan Year or, if later, within 30 days after the date on which such individual first becomes an eligible Director, on an authorized form and shall be made in accordance with procedures established by the Committee from time to time. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a Director’s election to participate in the Plan for the Plan Year in which he or she first becomes eligible to participate may be made within 30 days after the date on which such individual first becomes eligible to participate; provided, however, such election shall apply only to an amount of his or her annual or other director compensation paid in cash for such Plan Year equal to the total amount of the Director’s annual or other compensation paid in cash for such Plan Year multiplied by the ratio of the number of days remaining in the Plan Year after such election is made over the total number of days in the Plan Year for which such Director receives annual director or other compensation.

(c) A Participant must complete a new election with respect to each Plan Year in order to participate in the Plan for such Plan Year.

(d) Participant contributions (i) in the case of Employees, shall be deposited as soon as practicable following each payday, and (ii) in the case of Directors, shall be deposited as soon as practicable following the Company’s deduction of all or a portion of the Director’s annual or other compensation, each in one or more separate interest-bearing accounts at a bank or other financial institution. Each such account shall be maintained in the name of the Plan for the benefit of Participants, and the balance of each such account shall remain the property of the Participants until transferred to the Company pursuant to Section 6. After the close of each Plan Year, the balance of the account will be transferred to the Company to purchase Orthofix Stock for distribution to Participants and to pay cash in lieu of fractional shares as provided in Section 6.

(e) A Participant may elect to withdraw from the Plan by providing notice to the Committee before the last day of the Plan Year. Upon withdrawal from the Plan, all payroll and other deductions under the Plan shall immediately cease, and a Participant shall receive, in lieu of any other benefits under the Plan, the following: (i) a refund of his or her contributions as soon as practicable following the date of withdrawal from the Plan, and in any event no later than the date that is two and one-half months following the last day of the Plan Year in which such Participant withdrew from the Plan, and (ii) a refund of the interest accrued through the date of payment at the rate in effect at the bank or other financial institution holding Participant contributions, which refund of accrued interest shall be paid immediately following the end of the Plan Year in which such Participant withdrew from the Plan, and in any event no later than the date that is two and one-half months following the last day of such Plan Year.

(f) An Employee’s participation in the Plan shall terminate upon his or her termination of employment. An Employee’s participation in the Plan shall, unless otherwise required by applicable law, terminate upon his or her leave of absence or absence from active employment for any other reason only if such Employee does not continue to make contributions to the Plan during such leave in accordance with procedures established by the Committee. An Employee whose participation in the Plan has terminated pursuant to this Section 5(f) shall be deemed to have withdrawn from the Plan for purposes of this Section 5.


(g) A Director’s participation in the Plan shall terminate if, during any Plan Year, such Director ceases to be a member of the Board of Directors for any reason. A Director whose participation in the Plan has terminated pursuant to this Section 5(g) shall be deemed to have withdrawn from the Plan for purposes of this Section 5.

(h) A Participant who withdraws his or her contributions or otherwise ceases participation before the last day of the Plan Year may again participate in the Plan for any subsequent Plan Year, provided he or she satisfies the eligibility requirements of Section 4 and makes a timely election to contribute for such Plan Year.

(i) If any law, rule, or regulation applicable to an eligible Employee or Director prohibits the use of payroll or other deductions for purposes of the Plan, or if such deductions impair or hinder the operation of the Plan or affect the composition of the Board of Directors or any committee thereof, an alternative method of payment approved by the Committee may be substituted for such eligible Employee or Director, as applicable; provided, however, that if any law, rule or regulation relating to a Director participating in the Plan, in the sole discretion of the Board of Directors, would affect the composition of the Board of Directors or any committee thereof, the Board of Directors may terminate such Director’s participation in the Plan.

6. Distribution of Common Stock

(a) As soon as practicable following the last day of each Plan Year, but in any event no later than the date that is two and one-half months following the last day of such Plan Year, the Committee shall distribute to each Employee and Director who was a Participant for the entire Plan Year (or, in the event of the death of an Employee or Director prior to such distribution, to the Employee’s or Director’s beneficiary, as applicable) a certificate or certificates representing the number of whole shares of Orthofix Stock determined by dividing (i) the amount of the Participant’s contributions for the Plan Year plus interest on such contributions through the end of the Plan Year by (ii) 85% of the Fair Market Value of the Orthofix Stock on the first day of the Plan Year or, if lower, on the last day of the Plan Year. Cash in the amount of any fractional share shall be paid to the Participant by check as soon as practicable following the last day of each Plan Year, but in any event, no later than the date that is two and one-half months following the last day of such Plan Year.

(b) The Committee may, in its discretion, require a Participant to pay to the Company or its Subsidiary, as appropriate, prior to the distribution of the Orthofix Stock, the amount that the Committee deems necessary to satisfy the Company’s obligation to withhold applicable taxes, at the minimum statutory rate, that the Participant incurs as a result of the Participant’s participation in the Plan. To satisfy the minimum statutory tax withholding requirements, a Participant may (i) deliver to the Company or its Subsidiary, as appropriate, sufficient shares of Orthofix Stock (based upon the Fair Market Value of the Orthofix Stock at the date of withholding) to satisfy the Company’s tax withholding obligations, (ii) deliver sufficient cash to the Company or its Subsidiary, as appropriate, to satisfy tax withholding obligations, or (iii) irrevocably elect for the Company or its Subsidiary, as appropriate, to withhold from the shares of Orthofix Stock to be distributed to the Participant the number of shares necessary (based upon the Fair Market Value of the Orthofix Stock at the date of withholding) to satisfy the Company’s tax withholding obligations. In the event the Committee subsequently determines that the aggregate Fair Market Value (on the date of withholding) of shares of Orthofix Stock withheld as payment of any tax withholding obligation is insufficient to discharge that tax withholding obligation, then the Participant shall pay to the Company, or its Subsidiary, as appropriate, immediately upon the Committee’s request, the amount of that deficiency. The Company or its Subsidiary, as appropriate, shall also have the right to deduct from all cash payments made to a Participant (whether or not such payment is made in connection with the Plan) any applicable taxes required to be withheld with respect to such payments.

7. Administration of the Plan

(a) The Committee shall administer the Plan and shall keep a written record of its actions and proceedings regarding the Plan and all dates, records and documents relating to its administration of the Plan. The Committee is authorized to interpret the Plan, to make, amend and rescind such rules as it deems necessary for the proper administration of the Plan, to make all other determinations necessary or advisable for the administration of the Plan and to correct any defect or supply any omission or reconcile any inconsistency in the Plan in the manner


and to the extent that the Committee deems desirable to carry the Plan into effect. The powers and duties of the Committee shall include, without limitation, the following:

(i) Determining the amount of benefits payable to Participants and authorizing and directing the Company with respect to the payment of benefits under the Plan;

(ii) Construing and interpreting the Plan in its sole discretion whenever necessary to carry out its intention and purpose and making and publishing such rules for the regulation of the Plan as are not inconsistent with the terms of the Plan;

(iii) Compiling and maintaining all records it determines to be necessary, appropriate or convenient in connection with the administration of the Plan; and

(iv) Administering the Plan as necessary to take account of tax, securities law and other regulatory requirements of foreign jurisdictions.

(b) Any action taken or determination made by the Committee shall, except as otherwise provided in Section 8 below, be conclusive on all parties. No member of the Committee shall vote on any matter relating specifically to such member. In the event that a majority of the members of the Committee would be specifically affected by any action proposed to be taken (as opposed to being affected in the same manner as each other Participant in the Plan), such action shall be taken by the Board of Directors.

(c) The Committee may designate one or more of its members or the Chief Executive Officer or the Chief Financial Officer to carry out its responsibilities under such conditions or limitations as it may set, except that the Committee may not delegate its authority with regard to participation in the Plan by eligible Directors or by eligible Employees who are officers for purposes of Section 16(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

(d) No member of the Board of Directors or the Committee, the Chief Executive Officer, the Chief Financial Officer, or any other officer or employee of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to whom any duties or responsibilities are delegated hereunder shall be liable for any action or determination made in connection with the operation, administration or interpretation of the Plan, and the Company shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless each such person from any liability arising from or in connection with the Plan, except where such liability results directly from such person’s fraud, willful misconduct or failure to act in good faith. In the performance of its responsibilities with respect to the Plan, the Committee shall be entitled to rely upon information and advice furnished by the Company’s officers, the Company’s accountants, the Company’s counsel and any other person the Committee deems necessary, and no member of the Committee shall be liable for any action taken or not taken in reliance upon any such advice.

(e) Anything in the Plan to the contrary notwithstanding, any authority or responsibility that, under the terms of the Plan, may be exercised by the Committee may alternatively be exercised by the Board of Directors.

8. Claims Procedure

(a) If a Participant does not receive the timely payment of the benefits which the Participant believes are due under the Plan, the Participant may make a claim for benefits in the manner hereinafter provided.

All claims for benefits under the Plan shall be made in writing and shall be signed by the Participant. Claims shall be submitted to the Committee, or to a representative designated by the Committee. If the Participant does not furnish sufficient information with the claim for the Committee to determine the validity of the claim the Committee shall indicate to the Participant any additional information which is necessary for the Committee to determine the validity of the claim.

Each claim hereunder shall be acted on and approved or disapproved by the Committee within 90 days following the receipt by the Committee of the information necessary to process the claim.


In the event the Committee denies a claim for benefits in whole or in part, the Committee shall notify the Participant in writing of the denial of the claim and notify the Participant of his or her right to a review of the Committee’s decision. Such notice by the Committee shall also set forth, in a manner calculated to be understood by the Participant, the specific reason for such denial, the specific provisions of the Plan on which the denial is based and a description of any additional material or information necessary to perfect the claim with an explanation of the Plan’s appeals procedure as set forth in this Section.

If no action is taken by the Committee on a Participant’s claim within 90 days after receipt by the Committee, such claim shall be deemed to be denied for purposes of the following appeals procedure.

(b) Any Participant whose claim for benefits is denied in whole or in part may appeal for a review of the decision by the full Committee. Such appeal must be made within three months after the Participant has received actual or constructive notice of the denial as provided above. An appeal must be submitted in writing within such period and must:

(i) request a review by the full Committee of the claim for benefits under the Plan;

(ii) set forth all of the grounds upon which the Participant’s request for review is based and any facts in support thereof; and

(iii) set forth any issues or comments which the Participant deems pertinent to the appeal.

The Committee shall regularly review appeals by Participants. The Committee shall act upon each appeal within 60 days after receipt thereof unless special circumstances require an extension of the time for processing, in which case a decision shall be rendered by the Committee as soon as possible but not later than 120 days after the appeal is received by the Committee.

The Committee shall make a full and fair review of each appeal and any written materials submitted by the Participant in connection therewith. The Committee may require the Participant to submit such additional facts, documents or other evidence as the Committee in its discretion deems necessary or advisable in making its review. The Participant shall be given the opportunity to review pertinent documents or materials upon submission of a written request to the Committee, provided the Committee finds the requested documents or materials are pertinent to the appeal.

On the basis of its review, the Committee shall make an independent determination of the Participant’s eligibility for benefits under the Plan. The decision of the Committee on any claim for benefits shall be final and conclusive upon all parties thereto.

In the event the Committee denies an appeal in whole or in part, the Committee shall give written notice of the decision to the Participant, which notice shall set forth, in a manner calculated to be understood by the Participant, the specific reasons for such denial and which shall make specific reference to the pertinent provisions of the Plan on which the Committee’s decision is based.

9. Amendment and Termination

(a) The Plan may be amended or terminated by the Board of Directors at any time, provided that no such action shall have the effect of decreasing a Participant’s accrued benefits as of the effective date of such action. Upon termination of the Plan, each Participant shall receive a refund of his or her contributions for the Plan Year plus interest accrued through the date of termination.

(b) Without shareholder consent and without regard to whether any Participant rights may be considered to have been “decreased,” the Committee shall be entitled to establish the exchange ratio applicable to payroll and other deductions, in a currency other than United States Dollars, permit payroll and other deductions in excess of the amount designated by a Participant in order to adjust for delays or mistakes in the Company’s processing of properly completed payroll and other deduction elections, establish reasonable waiting and adjustment periods and/or accounting and crediting procedures to ensure that amounts applied toward the purchase of shares of


Orthofix Stock for each Participant properly correspond with amounts deducted from the Participant’s compensation, and establish such other limitations or procedures as the Committee determines in its sole discretion advisable which are consistent with the Plan.

10. Beneficiary Designation

A Participant may file a written designation of a beneficiary who is to receive any Orthofix Stock or cash under the Plan in the event of such Participant’s death prior to delivery to such Participant of such Orthofix Stock or cash. If a Participant is married and the designated beneficiary is not the spouse, spousal consent shall be required for such designation to be effective to the extent required by applicable law. Such beneficiary designation may be changed by the Participant at any time by written notice to the Committee. All beneficiary designations shall be made in such form and manner as the Committee may prescribe from time to time.

11. Effective Date

The Plan, as amended and restated herein, shall become effective on the first day of the Plan Year following the date it is approved by the shareholders of the Company; provided, however, that the shares available for issuance in Section 3(a) hereof shall be available for issuance on and after the date the Plan, as amended and restated herein, is approved by the shareholders of the Company. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Plan is not approved by the shareholders upon submission to them for approval, the Plan shall be void ab initio and of no further force and effect.

12. Participants in Non-U.S. Jurisdictions

(a) To the extent that Participants are domiciled or resident outside of the U.S. or are domiciled or resident in the U.S. but are subject to the tax laws of a jurisdiction outside of the U.S., the Committee shall have the authority and discretion to adopt such modifications and procedures as it shall deem necessary or desirable to comply with the provisions of the laws of such non-U.S. jurisdictions in order to assure the viability of the benefits paid to such Participants. The authority granted under the previous sentence shall include the discretion for the Committee to adopt, on behalf of the Company, one or more sub-plans applicable to separate classes of eligible Employees and Directors who are subject to the laws of jurisdictions outside of the U.S.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan to the contrary, to the extent the Company is required to comply with the EU Prospectus Directive in any jurisdiction with respect to awards made to eligible Employees or Directors in such jurisdiction, the Committee may suspend the right of all eligible Employees and Directors in such jurisdiction to participate in the Plan.

13. Miscellaneous

(a) Nothing in the Plan shall confer upon a Participant the right to continue in the employ or continue to be a Director of the Company or a Subsidiary or shall limit or restrict the right of the Company or a Subsidiary to terminate the employment of a Participant at any time with or without cause.

(b) No right or benefit under the Plan shall be subject to anticipation, alienation, sale, assignment, pledge, encumbrance or charge, and any attempt to anticipate, alienate, sell, assign, pledge, encumber or charge such right or benefit shall be void. No such right or benefit shall in any manner be liable for or subject to the debts, liabilities or torts of a Participant.

(c) Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary shall be under any obligation to issue or deliver certificates for shares of Orthofix Stock pursuant to the Plan if such issuance or delivery would, in the opinion of the Committee, cause the Company to violate any provision of applicable law. The Company and its subsidiaries will use their best efforts to comply with applicable laws but will not be liable for any failure to comply.

(d) If any provision in the Plan is held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, void, or unenforceable, the remaining provisions shall nevertheless continue in full force and effect without being impaired or invalidated in any way.


(e) The Plan shall be construed and governed in accordance with the law of the State of New York and without giving effect to principles of conflicts of laws.

(f) All notices or other communications by a Participant to the Committee, the Company, or any Subsidiary under or in connection with the Plan shall be deemed to have been duly given when received in the form specified by the Committee at the location, or by the person, designated by the Committee for the receipt thereof.

(g) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in the Plan, notices and other elections under this Plan may be delivered or made electronically, in the discretion of the Committee. In addition, in the discretion of the Committee, shares otherwise deliverable under the Plan may be delivered or otherwise evidenced through book entry or other electronic format without the need to deliver an actual share certificate; provided, however, an actual share certificate shall be delivered if requested by the Participant.

(h) The Board of Directors or the Committee may extend or terminate the benefits of the Plan to any Subsidiary at any time without the approval of the shareholders of the Company.

(i) The proceeds received by the Company from the sale of Orthofix Stock pursuant to the Plan shall be used for general corporate purposes.

(j) No shares of Orthofix Stock may be issued under this Plan unless the issuance of such shares has been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and qualified under applicable state “blue sky” laws and any applicable non-U.S. securities laws, or the Company has determined that an exemption from registration and from qualification under such state “blue sky” laws and applicable non-U.S. securities laws is available. The Committee may require each Participant purchasing shares under the Plan to represent to and agree with the Company in writing that such eligible Employee or Director, as applicable, is acquiring the shares for investment purposes and not with a view to the distribution thereof. All certificates for shares delivered under the Plan shall be subject to such stock-transfer orders and other restrictions as the Committee may deem advisable under the rules, regulations, and other requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission, any exchange upon which the shares are then listed, and any applicable securities law, and the Committee may cause a legend or legends to be put on any such certificates to make appropriate reference to such restrictions.

14. Compliance with Code Section 409A

The Plan and any options granted hereunder are intended to meet the short term deferral exemption from Code Section 409A and shall be interpreted and construed consistent with this intent. Notwithstanding any provision of the Plan to the contrary, in the event that the Board of Directors determines that the Plan or any option granted hereunder may be subject to Code Section 409A, the Board of Directors may, without the consent of Participants, including the affected Participant, adopt such amendments to the Plan or adopt other policies and procedures (including amendments, policies and procedures with retroactive effect), or take any other actions, that the Board of Directors determines are necessary or appropriate to (i) exempt the Plan or any option granted hereunder from Code Section 409A or (ii) comply with the requirements of Code Section 409A and Department of Treasury regulations and other interpretive guidance issued thereunder. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company shall not be required to assume any increased economic burden in connection therewith.

Exhibit 10.18

Inducement Grant Nonqualified Stock Option Agreement

This Option Agreement (the “ Agreement ”) is made this 1st day of April, 2011 (the “ Grant Date ”) between Orthofix International N.V., a Curacao company (the “ Company ”), and the person signing this Agreement adjacent to the caption “Optionee” on the signature page hereof (the “ Optionee ”).

WHEREAS, as an inducement for the Optionee to accept employment with the Company, the Company desires to afford the Optionee the opportunity to purchase Common Shares on the terms and conditions set forth herein;

NOW, THEREFORE, in connection with the mutual covenants hereinafter set forth and for other good and valuable consideration, the parties hereto agree as follows:

1. Grant of Option . Subject to the provisions of this Agreement, the Company hereby grants to the Optionee the right and option (the “ Option ”) to purchase 150,000 Common Shares at an exercise price of $33.01 per share (the “ Exercise Price ”), which Exercise Price is 100% of the Fair Market Value per share on the date the Optionee became an employee of the Company.

2. Nature of the Option . The Option shall be a Nonqualified Stock Option.

3. Vesting . Subject to earlier termination in accordance with this Agreement and the terms and conditions herein, the Option shall vest and become exercisable with respect to 33 1/3% of the shares covered thereby on each of the first, second and third anniversaries of the Grant Date; provided, however, that the exercisability of any portion of the Option relating to a fractional share shall be deferred until such time, if any, that such portion can be exercised as a whole Common Share.

4. Term . The Option shall expire and no longer be exercisable 10 years from the Grant Date, subject to earlier termination in accordance with this Agreement; provided, however: (i) if the termination date falls on a date on which the exercise of the Option would violate any applicable federal, state, local or foreign law, such termination date shall be extended to 30 days after the first date that exercise of the Option would no longer violate any applicable federal, state, local or foreign law, and (ii) if the termination date falls on a date on which the Optionee is prohibited by Company policy in effect on such date from engaging in transactions in the Company’s securities, such termination date shall be extended to the first date that the Optionee is permitted to engage in transaction in the Company’s securities under such Company policy, so long as such extension does not cause the Option to become subject to Code Section 409A or violate any other applicable law.

5. Termination of Employment .

(a) General . A termination of employment shall be deemed to have occurred if the Optionee is no longer employed by, or otherwise providing services to, the Company or any of its Subsidiaries for any reason. The Committee shall have discretion to determine whether an authorized leave of absence (as a result of disability or otherwise) shall constitute a termination of employment for purposes of this Agreement.

(b) Termination of Employment Other than for Cause, Death, Permanent Disability or Voluntary Termination . If, prior to vesting, the Optionee’s employment is terminated

 


or the Optionee retires in accordance with the Company’s retirement policies, then the Option shall be considered vested and be immediately exercisable as of the date of such termination of employment with respect to the aggregate number of Common Shares as to which the Option would have been vested as of December 31 of the year in which such termination of employment occurs. The Optionee shall have the right, subject to the other terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, to exercise the Option, to the extent it has vested as of the date of such termination of employment, at any time within 180 days after the date of such termination of employment, subject to the earlier expiration of the Option as provided in Section 4 hereof. To the extent the vested portion of the Option is not exercised within such 180 day period, the Option shall be cancelled and revert back to the Company and the Optionee shall have no further right or interest therein. The unvested portion of any Option shall be cancelled and revert back to the Company as of the date of the Optionee’s termination of employment and the Optionee shall have no further right or interest therein. In no event shall this Section apply if termination is (i) for Cause, (ii) by reason of death or Permanent Disability or (iii) as a result of a Voluntary Termination.

(c) Termination of Employment for Cause; Voluntary Termination . If, prior to vesting, (i) the Optionee’s employment with the Company and its Subsidiaries is terminated by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries for Cause, or (ii) Optionee terminates employment under circumstances constituting a Voluntary Termination, the unvested portion of the Option shall be cancelled and revert back to the Company as of the date of such termination of employment, and the Optionee shall have no further right or interest therein unless the Committee in its sole discretion shall determine otherwise. The Optionee shall have the right, subject to the other terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, to exercise the Option, to the extent it has vested as of the date of termination of employment, at any time within three months after the date of such termination, subject to the earlier expiration of the Option as provided in Section 4 hereof.

(d) Termination of Employment for Death or Permanent Disability . If the Optionee’s employment with the Company and its Subsidiaries terminates by reason of death or Permanent Disability, the Option shall automatically vest and become immediately exercisable in full as of the date of such termination of employment. The Option shall remain exercisable by the Optionee, a Permitted Transferee (as defined in Section 10 hereof), a transferee under a domestic relations order, or the Optionee’s estate, personal representative or beneficiary, as applicable, at any time within 12 months after the date of such termination of employment, subject to the earlier expiration of the Option as provided in Section 4 hereof. To the extent the Option is not exercised within such 12 month period, the Option shall be cancelled and revert back to the Company and the Optionee, Permitted Transferee, transferee under a domestic relations order, or the Optionee’s estate, personal representative or beneficiary, as applicable, shall have no further right or interest therein.

(e) Effect of Employment Agreements Generally . Terms of an Employment Agreement expressly defining whether and in what manner (including upon termination of employment) the unvested portion of an Option shall vest, be exerciseable or be cancelled shall control over the terms of this Agreement.

(f) Discretion of Committee . In connection with the Optionee’s termination of employment, the Committee shall have the discretion to accelerate the vesting, exercisability or settlement of, eliminate the restrictions and conditions applicable to, or extend the post-termination exercise period of any outstanding Options, which provisions may be determined at a subsequent time. Similarly, the Committee shall have full authority to determine the effect, if any,

 

2


of a change in control of the Company on the vesting, exercisability, settlement, payment or lapse of restrictions applicable to an award, which effect may be determined at a subsequent time.

6. Change in Control . Upon the occurrence of a Change in Control, the Option shall automatically vest and become immediately exercisable in full and shall remain exercisable in accordance with the terms of Section 5 hereof, subject to the earlier expiration of the Option as provided in Section 4 hereof.

7. Method of Exercising Option .

(a) Notice of Exercise . Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, the Option may be exercised by written or electronic notice to the Company, from the Optionee, a Permitted Transferee, a transferee pursuant to a domestic relations order, or following the Optionee’s death, the Optionee’s estate, personal representative, or beneficiary, as applicable, and stating the number of Common Shares in respect of which the Option is being exercised. Such notice shall be accompanied by payment of the Exercise Price for all Common Shares purchased pursuant to the exercise of such Option. The date of exercise of the Option shall be the later of (i) the date on which the Company receives the notice of exercise or (ii) the date on which the conditions set forth in Sections 7(b) and 7(e) are satisfied. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, the Optionee may not exercise the Option and no Common Shares will be issued by the Company with respect to any attempted exercise when such exercise is prohibited by law or any Company policy then in effect. The Option may not be exercised at any one time as to less than 100 shares (or such number of shares as to which the Option is then exercisable if less than 100). In no event shall the Option be exercisable for a fractional share.

(b) Payment . Prior to the issuance of the Common Shares pursuant to Section 7(e) hereof in respect of which all or a portion of the Option shall have been exercised, the Optionee shall have paid to the Company the Exercise Price for all Common Shares purchased pursuant to the exercise of such Option. Payment may be made by personal check, bank draft or postal or express money order (such modes of payment are collectively referred to as “cash”) payable to the order of the Company in U.S. dollars. Payment may also be made in mature Common Shares owned by the Optionee, or in any combination of cash or such mature shares as the Committee in its sole discretion may approve. The Company may also permit the Optionee to pay for such Common Shares by directing the Company to withhold Common Shares that would otherwise be received by the Optionee, pursuant to such rules as the Committee may establish from time to time. In the discretion of the Committee, and in accordance with rules and procedures established by the Committee, the Optionee may be permitted to make a “cashless” exercise of all or a portion of the Option.

(c) Shareholder Rights . The Optionee shall have no rights as a shareholder with respect to any Common Shares issuable upon exercise of the Option until the Optionee shall become the holder of record thereof, and no adjustment shall be made for dividends or distributions or other rights in respect of any Common Shares for which the record date is prior to the date upon which the Optionee shall become the holder of record thereof.

(d) Limitation on Exercise; Investment Intent . The Option shall not be exercisable unless the offer and sale of Common Shares pursuant thereto has been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “ 1933 Act ”), and qualified under applicable state “blue sky” laws or the Company has determined that an exemption from registration under the 1933 Act and from qualification under such state “blue sky” laws is available. The Committee may require the Optionee to represent to and agree with the Company in writing that he is

 

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acquiring the Common Shares subject to the Options for investment purposes and not with a view to the distribution thereof. All certificates for Common Shares delivered under this Agreement shall be subject to such stock-transfer orders and other restrictions as the Committee may deem advisable under the rules, regulations, and other requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission, any exchange upon which the Common Shares are then listed, and any applicable securities law, and the Committee may cause a legend or legends to be put on any such certificates to make appropriate reference to such restrictions.

(e) Issuance of Common Shares . Subject to the foregoing conditions, as soon as is reasonably practicable after its receipt of a proper notice of exercise and payment of the Exercise Price for all Common Shares purchased pursuant to the exercise of such Option, the Company shall, in the discretion of the Committee, either: (i) deliver or cause to be delivered to the Optionee (or a Permitted Transferee, a transferee under a domestic relations order, or following the Optionee’s death, the Optionee’s estate, personal representative or beneficiary, as applicable) one or more share certificates for the appropriate number of Common Shares issued in connection with such exercise (less any Common Shares withheld under Section 9 below), or (ii) cause its third-party recordkeeper to credit an account established and maintained in the name of the Optionee (or a Permitted Transferee, a transferee under a domestic relations order, or following the Optionee’s death, the Optionee’s estate, personal representative or beneficiary, as applicable) with the number of Common Shares issued in connection with such exercise (less any Common Shares withheld under Section 9 below); provided, however, that an actual share certificate shall be delivered if requested by the Optionee (or a Permitted Transferee, a transferee under a domestic relations order, or following the Optionee’s death, the Optionee’s estate, personal representative or beneficiary, as applicable). Such Common Shares shall be fully paid and nonassessable and shall be issued in the name of the Optionee (or a Permitted Transferee, a transferee under a domestic relations order, or following the Optionee’s death, the Optionee’s estate, personal representative or beneficiary, as applicable). Shares issued upon exercise of the Options may be either authorized and unissued shares or shares held by the Company in its treasury.

8. Recapitalization or Reorganization .

(a) Authority of the Company and Shareholders . The existence of this Agreement and the Options granted hereunder shall not affect or restrict in any way the right or power of the Company or the shareholders of the Company to make or authorize any adjustment, recapitalization, reorganization or other change in the Company’s capital structure or business, any merger or consolidation of the Company, any issue of stock or of options, warrants or rights to purchase stock or of bonds, debentures, preferred or prior preference stocks whose rights are superior to or affect the Common Shares or the rights thereof or which are convertible into or exchangeable for Common Shares, or the dissolution or liquidation of the Company, or any sale or transfer of all or any part of its assets or business, or any other corporate act or proceeding, whether of a similar character or otherwise.

(b) Change in Capitalization . Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement, the number and kind of Common Shares authorized for issuance under this Agreement, shall be equitably adjusted in the sole discretion of the Committee in the event of a stock split, stock dividend, recapitalization, reorganization, merger, consolidation, extraordinary dividend, split-up, spin-off, combination, exchange of shares, warrants or rights offering to purchase Common Shares at a price substantially below Fair Market Value or other similar corporate event affecting the Common Shares in order to preserve, but not increase, the benefits or potential benefits intended to be made available under this Agreement. In addition, upon the

 

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occurrence of any of the foregoing events, the number of outstanding Options and the number of Common Shares subject to any outstanding Options and the Exercise Price shall be equitably adjusted (including by payment of cash to the Optionee) in the sole discretion of the Committee in order to preserve the benefits or potential benefits intended to be made available to the Optionee. Such adjustments shall be made by the Committee, in its sole discretion, whose determination as to what adjustments shall be made, and the extent thereof, shall be final. Unless otherwise determined by the Committee, such adjusted Options shall be subject to the same restrictions and vesting or settlement schedule to which the underlying Options are subject.

9. Tax Withholding . The Company shall have the right, prior to the issuance of any Common Shares upon full or partial exercise of the Option (whether by the Optionee or any Permitted Transferees, a transferee under a domestic relations order, or following the Optionee’s death, the Optionee’s estate, personal representative, or beneficiary, as applicable), to require the Optionee to remit to the Company any amount sufficient to satisfy the minimum required federal, state or local tax withholding requirements, as well as all applicable withholding tax requirements of any other country or jurisdiction. The Company may permit the Optionee to satisfy, in whole or in part, such obligation to remit taxes, by directing the Company to withhold Common Shares that would otherwise be received by the Optionee, pursuant to such rules as the Committee may establish from time to time. The Company shall also have the right to deduct from all cash payments made pursuant to, or in connection with, the Option, the minimum federal, state or local taxes required to be withheld with respect to such payments.

10. Transfers . Unless the Committee determines otherwise after the Grant Date, the Option shall not be transferable other than by will or by the laws of descent and distribution or pursuant to a domestic relations order; provided, however, the Option may be transferred to the Optionee’s family members or to one or more trusts or partnerships established in whole or in part for the benefit of one or more of such family members (collectively, the “ Permitted Transferees ”). Any Option transferred to a Permitted Transferee shall be further transferable only by will or the laws of descent and distribution or, for no consideration, to another Permitted Transferee of the Optionee. The Committee may in its discretion permit transfers of Options other than those contemplated by this Section 10.

11. Option Exercisable Only by the Optionee . During the lifetime of the Optionee, an Option shall be exercisable only by the Optionee or by a Permitted Transferee to whom such Option has been transferred in accordance with Section 10. The grant of the Option shall impose no obligation on the Optionee to exercise or settle the Option.

12. Prohibition on Repricing . The Committee and/or the Board may neither (a) amend the Option to reduce the Exercise Price, nor (b) cancel or replace the Option with Options having a lower exercise or grant price, without the approval of the shareholders of the Company.

13. Miscellaneous Provisions .

(a) Notices . Any notice required by the terms of this Agreement shall be delivered or made electronically, over the Internet or otherwise (with request for assurance of receipt in a manner typical with respect to communications of that type), or given in writing. Any notice given in writing shall be deemed effective upon personal delivery or upon deposit with the United States Postal Service, by registered or certified mail, with postage and fees prepaid, and shall be addressed to the Company at its principal executive office and to the Optionee at the

 

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address that he or she has most recently provided to the Company. Any notice given electronically shall be deemed effective on the date of transmission.

(b) Headings . The headings of sections and subsections are included solely for convenience of reference and shall not affect the meaning of the provisions of this Agreement.

(c) Counterparts . This Agreement may be executed in two or more counterparts, each of which shall be deemed to be an original but all of which together will constitute one and the same instrument.

(d) Entire Agreement . This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the parties hereto with regard to the subject matter hereof and supersedes all other agreements, representations or understandings (whether oral or written and whether express or implied) that relate to the subject matter hereof.

(e) Amendments . Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Board and the Committee shall have the power to amend or modify this Agreement; provided, however, that no amendment or modification of this Agreement shall materially and adversely alter or impair the rights of the Optionee without the consent of the Optionee, except as otherwise provided in Section 13(i), and any such amendment or modification of the terms of this Agreement by the Board or the Committee shall, upon adoption, become and be binding on all persons affected thereby without requirement for consent or other action with respect thereto by any such person. The Committee shall give notice to the Optionee of any such amendment or modification as promptly as practicable after the adoption thereof. The foregoing shall not restrict the ability of the Optionee and the Board or the Committee by mutual written consent to alter or amend the terms of this Agreement.

(f) Binding Effect . This Agreement shall be binding upon the heirs, executors, administrators and successors of the parties hereto and may only be amended by written agreement of the parties hereto.

(g) Governing Law . This Agreement shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of New York, without regard to the choice of law provisions thereof.

(h) No Employment or Other Rights . This Agreement grant does not confer upon the Optionee any right to be continued in the employment of, or otherwise provide services to, the Company or any Subsidiary or other affiliate thereof, or interfere with or limit in any way the right of the Company or any Subsidiary or other affiliate thereof to terminate such Optionee’s employment at any time. For purposes of this Agreement only, the term “employment” shall include circumstances under which Optionee provides consulting or other services to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries as an independent contractor, but such Optionee is not, nor shall be considered, an employee; provided, however, nothing in this Section 13(h) or this Agreement shall create an employment relationship between such person and the Company or its applicable Subsidiary, as the usages described in this Section are for convenience only.

(i) Compliance with Code Section 409A . It is the intent of the parties that this Agreement incorporates the terms and conditions necessary to avoid the consequences specified in Code Section 409A(a)(1). To the extent applicable, this Agreement shall be interpreted and construed in compliance with Code Section 409A and Department of Treasury regulations and other interpretive guidance issued thereunder. Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement

 

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to the contrary, in the event that the Committee or the Board determines that the Option may be subject to Code Section 409A, the Committee or the Board may, without the consent of the Optionee, adopt such amendments to this Agreement or adopt other policies and procedures (including amendments, policies and procedures with retroactive effect), or take any other actions, that the Committee or the Board determines are necessary or appropriate to (i) exempt the Option from Code Section 409A or (ii) comply with the requirements of Code Section 409A and Department of Treasury regulations and other interpretive guidance issued thereunder.

(j) Administration . The Committee shall administer this Agreement and the related Options, and shall have full power and authority, subject to the express provisions hereof, to: (i) determine the terms and conditions of this Agreement, including, without limitation, those related to term, vesting, forfeiture, payment, settlement, exercisability and the effect, if any, of a Participant’s termination of employment with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or a change in control of the Company, including the authority to amend the terms and conditions of this Agreement after the granting hereof to the Optionee in a manner that is not, without the consent of the Optionee, prejudicial to his rights in such Agreement, and is otherwise consistent with Section 13(e) (ii) construe and interpret this Agreement, (iii) proscribe, amend and rescind rules and procedures relating to this Agreement, (iv) employ such legal counsel, independent auditors and consultants as it deems desirable for such administration and to rely upon any opinion or computation received therefrom, (v) vary the terms of this Agreement to take account of tax, securities law and other regulatory requirements of foreign jurisdictions, (vi) make all other determinations and take any other action desirable or necessary to interpret, construe or implement properly the provisions of this Agreement. All determinations by the Committee in carrying out and administering this Agreement and in construing and interpreting this Agreement shall be final, binding and conclusive for all purposes and upon all persons interested herein.

(k) Liability; Board Action . No member of the Board or Committee, the CEO, or any officer or employee of the Company to whom any duties or responsibilities are delegated hereunder shall be liable for any action or determination made in connection with the operation, administration or interpretation of this Agreement and the Company shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless each such person from any liability arising from or in connection with this Agreement, except where such liability results directly from such person’s fraud, willful misconduct or failure to act in good faith. In the performance of its responsibilities with respect to this Agreement, the Committee shall be entitled to rely upon information and advice furnished by the Company’s officers, the Company’s accountants, the Company’s counsel and any other party the Committee deems necessary, and no member of the Committee shall be liable for any action taken or not taken in reliance upon any such advice. Anything in this Agreement to the contrary notwithstanding, any authority or responsibility that, under the terms of this Agreement may be exercised by the Committee, may alternatively be exercised by the Board.

(l) Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act . This Agreement is intended to comply in all respects with Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act. Notwithstanding anything contained in this Agreement to the contrary, if the consummation of any transaction under this Agreement, or the taking of any action by the Committee in connection with a change in control of the Company, would result in the possible imposition of liability on the Optionee pursuant to Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act, the Committee shall have the right, in its sole discretion, but shall not be obligated, to defer such transaction or the effectiveness of such action to the extent necessary to avoid such liability, but in no event for a period longer than 180 days.

14. Definitions . For purposes of this Agreement, the following capitalized words shall have the meanings set forth below.

 

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Board ” means the Board of Directors of the Company.

Cause ” shall mean termination of the Optionee’s employment because of the Optionee’s (i) involvement in fraud, misappropriation or embezzlement related to the business or property of the Company, (ii) conviction for, or guilty plea to, a felony or crime of similar gravity in the jurisdiction in which such conviction or guilty plea occurs, (iii) unauthorized disclosure of any trade secrets or other confidential information relating to the Company’s business and affairs (except to the extent such disclosure is required under applicable law), or (iv) such other circumstances constituting a termination for cause under the Employment Agreement.

CEO ” means the Chief Executive Officer of the Company.

Change in Control ” shall mean:

                (i) the acquisition by any individual, entity or group (within the meaning of Section 13(d)(3) or 14(d)(2) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “ Exchange Act ”)) (a “ Person ”) of beneficial ownership (within the meaning of Rule 13d-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act) of 50% or more of either (A) the then outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock (the “ Outstanding Common Stock ”) or (B) the combined voting power of the then outstanding voting securities of the Company entitled to vote generally in the election of directors (the “ Outstanding Voting Securities ”); excluding, however, the following: (1) any acquisition directly from the Company, other than an acquisition by virtue of the exercise of a conversion privilege unless the security being so converted was itself acquired directly from the Company; (2) any acquisition by the Company; (3) any acquisition by any employee benefit plan (or related trust) sponsored or maintained by the Company or any entity controlled by the Company; or (4) any acquisition pursuant to a transaction which complies with clauses (A), (B) and (C) of subsection (iii) of this definition of Change of Control; or

                (ii) a change in the composition of the Board such that the individuals who, as of the date hereof, constitute the Board (such Board shall be hereinafter referred to as the “ Incumbent Board ”) cease for any reason to constitute at least a majority of the Board; provided, however, for purposes of this paragraph, that any individual who becomes a member of the Board subsequent to the date hereof, whose election, or nomination for election by the Company’s shareholders, was approved by a vote of at least a majority of those individuals who are members of the Board and who were also members of the Incumbent Board (or deemed to be such pursuant to this proviso) shall be considered as though such individual were a member of the Incumbent Board; but provided further that any such individual whose initial assumption of office occurs as a result of either an actual or threatened election contest (as such terms are used in Rule 14a-11 of Regulation 14A promulgated under the Exchange Act) or other actual or threatened solicitation of proxies or consents by or on behalf of a Person other than the Board shall not be so considered as a member of the Incumbent Board; or

                (iii) consummation of a reorganization, merger or consolidation or sale or other disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company (“ Corporate Transaction ”); excluding, however, such a Corporate Transaction pursuant to which all of the following conditions are met: (A) all or substantially all of the individuals and entities who are the beneficial owners, respectively, of the Outstanding Common Stock

 

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and Outstanding Voting Securities immediately prior to such Corporate Transaction will beneficially own, directly or indirectly, more than 50% of, respectively, the outstanding shares of common stock, and the combined voting power of the then outstanding voting securities entitled to vote generally in the election of directors, as the case may be, of the corporation resulting from such Corporate Transaction (including, without limitation, a corporation which as a result of such transaction owns the Company or all or substantially all of the Company’s assets either directly or through one or more subsidiaries) in substantially the same proportions as their ownership, immediately prior to such Corporate Transaction, of the Outstanding Common Stock and Outstanding Voting Securities, as the case may be, (B) no Person (other than the Company, any employee benefit plan (or related trust) of the Company or such corporation resulting from such Corporate Transaction) will beneficially own, directly or indirectly, 50% or more of, respectively, the outstanding shares of common stock of the corporation resulting from such Corporate Transaction or the combined voting power of the outstanding voting securities of such corporation entitled to vote generally in the election of directors except to the extent that such ownership existed prior to the Corporate Transaction, and (C) individuals who were members of the Incumbent Board will constitute at least a majority of the members of the board of directors of the corporation resulting from such Corporate Transaction;

                (iv) the approval by the shareholders of the Company of a complete liquidation or dissolution of the Company; or

                (v) any similar or other definition contained in the Employment Agreement (even if broader than as defined above).

Code ” means the United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

Committee ” shall mean the Compensation Committee of the Board or such other committee appointed by the Board to administer equity compensation plan-related matters.

Common Shares ” means the common shares of the Company, par value $0.10 per share.

Employment Agreement ” shall mean a written employment, change in control or change of control, or other similar agreement entered into between the Optionee and the Company or any Subsidiary.

Fair Market Value ” means, as of any date that requires the determination of the Fair Market Value of a Common Share under this Agreement, the value of a Common Share on such date of determination, calculated as follows:

(a) If the Common Shares are then listed or admitted to trading on a Nasdaq market system or a stock exchange which reports closing sale prices, the Fair Market Value shall be the closing sale price on such date on such Nasdaq market system or principal stock exchange on which the Common Shares are then listed or admitted to trading, or, if no closing sale price is quoted on such day, then the Fair Market Value shall be the closing sale price of the Common Shares on such Nasdaq market system or such exchange on the next preceding day on which a closing sale price is reported;

 

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(b) If the Common Shares are not then listed or admitted to trading on a Nasdaq market system or a stock exchange which reports closing sale prices, the Fair Market Value shall be the average of the closing bid and asked prices of the Common Shares in the over-the-counter market on such date; or

(c) If neither (a) nor (b) is applicable as of such date, then the Fair Market Value shall be determined by the Committee in good faith using any reasonable method of evaluation, which determination shall be conclusive and binding on all interested parties.

Nonqualified Stock Option ” means an option that is not intended to comply with the requirements of Section 422 of the Code or any successor provision thereto.

Permanent Disability ” shall mean termination of the Optionee’s employment as a result of a physical or mental incapacity which substantially prevents the Optionee from performing his or her duties as an employee and that has continued for at least 180 days and can reasonably be expected to continue indefinitely. Any dispute as to whether or not the Optionee is disabled within the meaning of the preceding sentence shall be resolved by a physician selected by the Committee.

Permitted Transferees ” has the meaning set forth in Section 10.

Subsidiary ” means (i) a domestic or foreign corporation or other entity with respect to which the Company, directly or indirectly, has the power, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise, to elect at least a majority of the members of such corporation’s board of directors or analogous governing body or (ii) any other domestic or foreign corporation or other entity in which the Company, directly or indirectly, has an equity or similar interest and which the Committee designates as a Subsidiary.

Voluntary Termination ” shall occur when the Optionee voluntarily ceases employment with, or the provision of services to, the Company and its Subsidiaries for any reason or no reason (e.g., the Optionee elects to cease being an employee or provide consulting services or the Optionee resigns or quits). For the avoidance of doubt, a Voluntary Termination shall not occur as a result of termination of employment as a result of death, Permanent Disability (as provided hereunder), or termination for “good reason” or similar words (as permitted hereunder and pursuant to an Employment Agreement) or as the result of the Optionee’s retirement in accordance with the Company’s retirement policies.

 

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EXECUTED as of the date first written above.

 

COMPANY:     ORTHOFIX INTERNATIONAL N.V.
    By:  

/s/ Alan W. Milinazzo

    Name:   Alan W. Milinazzo
    Title:   Chief Executive Officer
OPTIONEE:      
    By:  

/s/ Vicente Trelles

    Name:   Vicente Trelles
    Title:

Exhibit 10.22

Orthofix International N.V.

Director Compensation Policy

Directors are traditionally elected each year at the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders, usually held in May or June. Other director appointments occur from time to time as determined by the Board, for instance, in the event of vacancies on the Board resulting from a director’s death or resignation.

The Board has adopted a director compensation philosophy providing for a 50th percentile goal for total director compensation. This philosophy is consistent with the total compensation philosophy applied to the compensation levels of the executive officers. Non-employee directors receive a mix of cash and equity-based compensation as consideration for serving on the Board. Current Board compensation levels were determined by the Board based upon consideration of Towers Watson’s 2008 compensation analysis, which included a competitive market analysis to determine competitive compensation levels for our directors, as subsequently adjusted for cost-of-living increases. Towers Watson’s analysis concluded that the Board’s cash fees were in line with its philosophy, but that our equity-based compensation for directors was below our peer group as compared to our preferred percentile goals. Towers Watson has been asked to update the competitive compensation analysis of our director compensation in 2011.

Upon election or appointment to the Board, each Board member is currently entitled to an annual fee of $60,000 for his services, pro-rated for any partial year of service. Chairmen of Committees are entitled to additional compensation ranging from $5,000 to $10,000 for serving in those capacities, and the Chairman of the Board receives an annual fee of $220,000 in his role as an chairman. We do not pay any other meeting fees. Each director may elect at the time of election to the Board or at a subsequent increase in fees to have their director fee paid either in U.S. Dollars or in the director’s local currency. If a director does not elect to have his director fee paid in his local currency, the Company will pay the director fee in U.S. Dollars.

Directors also receive grants of stock options under the 2004 LTIP. These grants typically include, subject to share availability under the 2004 LTIP, (i) a grant of 30,000 options, granted on the date of such director’s first election to the Board, with such options generally vesting in one-fifth increments over a 5-year period (so long as a director remains on the Board and subject to earlier vesting in the event of a change in control), and (ii) a grant of 5,000 options, granted on the date of any re-election or re-appointment to the Board, with such options generally vesting in one-third increments on the anniversary of each grant (so long as a director remains on the Board and subject to earlier vesting in the event of a change in control). Directors are also eligible to participate in our SPP. In 2009, non-employee directors each received a grant of 3,000 options instead of the 5,000 option grant typically provided, and a one-time supplemental fee of $15,000 to reflect the lower stock option grant amount. In 2010, non-employee directors did not receive any grant of options, and an additional $20,000 supplemental fee was provided.

 

Exhibit 10.36

EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT

This Employment Agreement (the “ Agreement ”), entered into and effective as of April 1, 2011 (the “ Effective Date ”), is by and between Orthofix Inc., a Minnesota corporation (the “ Company ”), and Vicente Trelles, an individual (the “ Executive ”).

PRELIMINARY STATEMENTS

A. The Company desires to employ the Executive in the position of Senior Vice President, World Wide Operations and Shared Services and the Executive desires to render such services, upon the terms and conditions contained herein.

B. The Company is a subsidiary of Orthofix International N.V., a corporation organized under the laws of Curacao (the “ Parent ”) for whom Executive will also perform services as contemplated hereby, and under certain compensation plans of which Executive shall be eligible to receive compensation, and Parent is agreeing to provide such compensation and guarantee the Company’s payment obligations hereunder.

C. Capitalized terms used herein and not otherwise defined have the meaning for them set forth on Exhibit A attached hereto and incorporated herein by reference.

The parties, intending to be legally bound, hereby agree as follows:

I. EMPLOYMENT AND DUTIES

1.1 Duties . The Company hereby employs the Executive as an employee, and the Executive agrees to be employed by the Company, upon the terms and conditions set forth herein. While serving as an employee of the Company, the Executive shall serve as Senior Vice President, World Wide Operations and Shared Services of the Company, and be appointed to serve as Senior Vice President, World Wide Operations and Shared Services of the Parent. The Executive shall report to the Company’s and Parent’s Chief Operating Officer, and shall have such power and authority and perform such duties, functions and responsibilities as are associated with and incident to such positions, and as the Board may from time to time require of him. The Executive also agrees to serve, if elected, as an officer or director of Parent or any other direct or indirect subsidiary of the Parent, in each such case at no compensation in addition to that provided for in this Agreement, but the Executive serves in such positions solely as an accommodation to the Company and such positions shall grant him no rights hereunder (including for purposes of the definition of Good Reason).

1.2 Services . During the Term (as defined in Section 1.3), and excluding any periods of vacation, sick leave or disability, the Executive agrees to devote his full business time, attention and efforts to the business and affairs of the Company. During the Term, it shall not be a violation of this Section 1.2 for the Executive to (a) serve on civic or charitable boards or committees (but not corporate boards), (b) deliver lectures or


fulfill speaking engagements or (c) manage personal investments, so long as such activities do not interfere with the performance of the Executive’s responsibilities in accordance with this Agreement. The Executive shall not serve on any corporate boards while employed by the Company other than (i) any Parent subsidiary boards pursuant to Section 1.1 and (ii) any boards on which he was previously serving prior to the Effective Date.

1.3 Term of Employment . The term of this Agreement shall commence on the Effective Date and shall continue until 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on July 1, 2012 (the “ Initial Term ”) unless sooner terminated or extended as provided hereunder. This Agreement shall automatically renew for additional one-year periods on July 1, 2012 and on each and every July 1 thereafter (each such extension, the “ Renewal Term ”) unless either party gives the other party written notice of its or his election not to extend such employment at least ninety (90) days prior to the next July 1 renewal date. Further, if a Change of Control occurs during the Initial Term or during any Renewal Term, this Agreement shall automatically be extended for two years only from the Change of Control Date and thereafter shall terminate on the second anniversary of the Change of Control Date in accordance with its terms. The Initial Term, together with any Renewal Term or extension as a result of a Change of Control, are collectively referred to herein as the “ Term .” In the event the Executive continues to be employed by the Company (or any other member of the Parent Group) after the Term, unless otherwise agreed by the parties in writing, such continued employment shall be on an at-will, month-to-month basis upon terms agreed upon at such time without regard to the terms and conditions of this Agreement (except as expressly provided herein) and this Agreement shall be deemed terminated at the end of the Term, regardless of whether such employment continues at-will, other than Articles VI and VII, which shall survive the termination or expiration of this Agreement for any reason. For the avoidance of doubt, non-renewal of the Term shall not trigger any of the payments set forth in Section 5.1.

1.4 Place of Performance . During the Term, the Executive shall be based in Lewisville, Texas.

II. COMPENSATION

2.1 General . The base salary and Incentive Compensation (as defined in Section 2.3.) payable to the Executive hereunder, as well as any stock-based compensation, including stock options, stock appreciation rights and restricted stock grants, shall be determined from time to time by the Board and paid pursuant to the Company’s customary payroll practices or in accordance with the terms of the applicable Plans (as defined in Section 2.7). The Company shall pay the Executive in cash, in accordance with the normal payroll practices of the Company, the base salary and Incentive Compensation set forth below. For the avoidance of doubt, in providing any compensation payable in stock, the Company may withhold, deduct or collect from the compensation otherwise payable or issuable to the Executive a portion of such compensation to the extent required to comply with applicable tax laws to the extent such

 

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withholding is not made or otherwise provided for pursuant to the agreement governing such stock-based compensation.

2.2 Base Salary . The Executive shall be paid an annual base salary of no less than $360,000 while he is employed by the Company during the Term; provided , however , that nothing shall prohibit the Company from reducing the base salary as part of an overall cost reduction program that affects all senior executives of the Parent Group and does not disproportionately affect the Executive, so long as such reductions do not reduce the base salary to a rate that is less than 90% of the minimum base salary amount set forth above (or, if the minimum base salary amount has been increased during the Term, 90% of such increased amount). The base salary shall be reviewed annually by the Board for increase (but not decrease, except as permitted above) as part of its annual compensation review, and any increased amount shall become the base salary under this Agreement.

2.3 Bonus or other Incentive Compensation . With respect to each fiscal year of the Company during the Term, the Executive shall be eligible to receive annual bonus compensation under the Parent’s Executive Annual Incentive Plan or any successor plan (the “Bonus Plan”) based on the achievement of goals established by the Board from time to time (the “ Goals ”). During the Term, the Executive will have a target bonus opportunity under the Bonus Plan of at least 60% of his then-applicable Base Salary and an opportunity to earn a maximum annual bonus of not less than 90% of his then-applicable Base Salary; provided, however, the Executive’s bonus under the Annual Incentive Plan with respect to work performed during the 2011 calendar year shall be pro-rated based on the number of days employed during the 2011 calendar year. The amount of any actual payment will depend upon the achievement (or not) of the Goals established by the Board. Except as otherwise provided in this Agreement, to receive a bonus under the Bonus Plan, the Executive must be employed on the date of payment of such bonus. Amounts payable under the Bonus Plan shall be determined by the Board and shall be paid following such fiscal year and no later than two and one-half months after the end of such fiscal year. In addition, the Executive shall be eligible to receive such additional bonus or incentive compensation as the Board may establish from time to time in its sole discretion. Any bonus or incentive compensation under this Section 2.3 under the Bonus Plan or otherwise is referred to herein as “ Incentive Compensation .” Stock-based compensation shall not be considered Incentive Compensation under the terms of this Agreement unless the parties expressly agree otherwise in writing.

2.4 One-Time Cash Bonuses . The Executive shall be paid (i) a one-time cash bonus of $50,000 if he remains employed by the Company on the date that is 3 months following the Effective Date (the “ First Bonus Earn Date ”) (such bonus to be payable within 30 calendar days of such First Bonus Earn Date) and (ii) a one-time cash bonus of $50,000 if he remains employed by the Company on the one year anniversary of the Effective Date (the “ Second Bonus Earn Date ”) (such bonus to be payable within 30 calendar days of such Second Bonus Earn Date). The bonus amounts referenced in this Section 2.4 shall not be owed or payable if the Executive is not employed by the

 

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Company on the applicable First Bonus Earn Date and Second Bonus Earn Date, including but not limited to because the Executive’s employment was earlier terminated by the Company with or without Cause.

2.5 Relocation Assistance . To facilitate Executive’s relocation, the Company shall reimburse, on an after-tax basis (to the extent taxable), all reasonable expenses associated with the packing and transporting of household goods (including one personal automobile, but excluding any exceptional and unique furniture or other items) to the Lewisville, Texas area. In addition, for up to six months, the Company shall reimburse Executive up to $2,500 per month, on an after-tax basis, as a temporary allowance for housing and storage facility use in the Lewisville, Texas area (or alternatively, provide him generally equivalent housing at the Company’s expense).

2.6 Car Allowance . The Executive shall receive an automobile allowance of $900 per month.

2.7 Stock Compensation . The Executive shall be eligible to receive stock-based compensation, whether stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock grants or otherwise, under the Parent’s Amended and Restated 2004 Long Term Incentive Plan or other stock-based compensation plans as Parent may establish from time to time (collectively, the “ Plans ”). The Executive shall be considered for such grants no less often than annually as part of the Board’s annual compensation review, but any such grants shall be at the sole discretion of the Board.

III. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

3.1 General . Subject only to any post-employment rights under Article V, so long as the Executive is employed by the Company pursuant to this Agreement, he shall be eligible for the following benefits to the extent generally available to senior executives of the Company or by virtue of his position, tenure, salary and other qualifications. Any eligibility shall be subject to and in accordance with the terms and conditions of the Company’s benefits policies and applicable plans (including as to deductibles, premium sharing, co-payments or other cost-splitting arrangements).

3.2 Savings and Retirement Plans . The Executive shall be entitled to participate in, and enjoy the benefits of, all savings, pension, salary continuation and retirement plans, practices, policies and programs available to senior executives of the Company.

3.3 Welfare and Other Benefits . The Executive and/or the Executive’s eligible dependents, as the case may be, shall be entitled to participate in, and enjoy the benefits of, all welfare benefit plans, practices, policies and programs provided by the Company (including without limitation, medical, prescription, drug, dental, disability, salary continuance, group life, dependent life, accidental death and travel accident insurance plans and programs) and other benefits (including, without limitation,

 

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executive physicals and tax and financial planning assistance) at a level that is available to other senior executives of the Company.

3.4 Vacation . The Executive shall be entitled to 4 weeks paid vacation per 12-month period.

3.5 Expenses . The Executive shall be entitled to receive prompt reimbursement for all reasonable business-related expenses incurred by the Executive in performing his duties under this Agreement. Reimbursement of the Executive for such expenses will be made upon presentation to the Company of expense vouchers that are in sufficient detail to identify the nature of the expense, the amount of the expense, the date the expense was incurred and to whom payment was made to incur the expense, all in accordance with the expense reimbursement practices, policies and procedures of the Company.

3.6 Key Man Insurance . The Company shall be entitled to obtain a “key man” or similar life or disability insurance policy on the Executive, and neither the Executive nor any of his family members, heirs or beneficiaries shall be entitled to the proceeds thereof. Such insurance shall be available to offset any payments due to the Executive pursuant to Section 5.1 of this Agreement due to his death or Disability.

IV. TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT

4.1 Termination by Mutual Agreement . The Executive’s employment may be terminated at any time during the Term by mutual written agreement of the Company and the Executive.

4.2 Death . The Executive’s employment hereunder shall terminate upon his death.

4.3 Disability . In the event the Executive incurs a Disability for a continuous period exceeding 90 days or for a total of 180 days during any period of 12 consecutive months, the Company may, at its election, terminate the Executive’s employment during the Term by delivering a Notice of Termination (as defined in Section 4.8) to the Executive 30 days in advance of the date of termination.

4.4 Good Reason . The Executive may terminate his employment at any time during the Term for Good Reason by delivering a Notice of Termination to the Company 30 days in advance of the date of termination; provided , however , that the Executive agrees not to terminate his employment for Good Reason until the Executive has given the Company at least 30 days’ in which to cure the circumstances set forth in the Notice of Termination constituting Good Reason and if such circumstances are not cured by the 30 th day, the Executive’s employment shall terminate on such date. If the circumstances constituting Good Reason are remedied within the cure period to the reasonable satisfaction of the Executive, such event shall no longer constitute Good Reason for

 

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purposes of this Agreement and the Executive shall thereafter have no further right hereunder to terminate his employment for Good Reason as a result of such event. Unless the Executive provides written notification of an event described in the definition of Good Reason within 90 days after the Executive has actual knowledge of the occurrence of any such event, the Executive shall be deemed to have consented thereto and such event shall no longer constitute Good Reason for purposes of this Agreement.

4.5 Termination without Cause . The Company may terminate the Executive’s employment at any time during the Term without Cause by delivering to the Executive a Notice of Termination 30 days in advance of the date of termination; provided that as part of such notice the Company may request that the Executive immediately tender the resignations contemplated by Section 4.9 and otherwise cease performing his duties hereunder. The Notice of Termination need not state any reason for termination and such termination can be for any reason or no reason. The date of termination shall be the date set forth in the Notice of Termination.

4.6 Cause . The Company may terminate the Executive’s employment at any time during the Term for Cause by delivering a Notice of Termination to the Executive.

4.7 Voluntary Termination . The Executive may voluntarily terminate his employment at any time during the Term by delivering to the Company a Notice of Termination 30 days in advance of the date of termination (a “ Voluntary Termination ”). For purposes of this Agreement, a Voluntary Termination shall not include a termination of the Executive’s employment by reason of death or for Good Reason, but shall include voluntary termination upon retirement in accordance with the Company’s retirement policies. A Voluntary Termination shall not be considered a breach or other violation of this Agreement.

4.8 Notice of Termination . Any termination of employment under this Agreement by the Company or the Executive requiring a notice of termination shall require delivery of a written notice by one party to the other party (a “ Notice of Termination ”). A Notice of Termination must indicate the specific termination provision of this Agreement relied upon and the date of termination. The date of termination specified in the Notice of Termination shall comply with the time periods required under this Article IV, and may in no event be earlier than the date such Notice of Termination is delivered to or received by the party getting the notice. If the Executive fails to include a date of termination in any Notice of Termination he delivers, the Company may establish such date in its sole discretion. No Notice of Termination under Section 4.4 shall be effective until the applicable cure period, if any, shall have expired without the Company or the Executive, respectively, having corrected the event or events subject to cure to the reasonable satisfaction of the other party. The terms “termination” and “termination of employment,” as used herein are intended to mean a termination of employment which constitutes a “separation from service” under Section 409A.

 

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4.9 Resignations . Upon ceasing to be an employee of the Company for any reason, or earlier upon request by the Company pursuant to Section 4.5, the Executive agrees to immediately tender written resignations to the Company with respect to all officer and director positions he may hold at that time with any member of the Parent Group.

V. PAYMENTS ON TERMINATION

5.1 Death; Disability; Resignation for Good Reason; Termination without Cause . If at any time during the Term the Executive’s employment with the Company is terminated due to his death, Disability, resignation for Good Reason or termination by the Company without Cause, the Executive shall be entitled to the payment and benefits set forth below only:

(a) Any unpaid base salary and accrued unpaid vacation then owing through the date of termination, which amounts shall be paid to the Executive within 30 days of the date of termination.

(b) If, for the calendar year prior to the Executive’s termination, Executive has satisfied a sufficient portion of the Goals to be eligible for a bonus under the Bonus Plan, and such bonus has not yet been paid as of the date of Executive’s termination, Executive shall be paid a bonus under the Bonus Plan for such prior calendar year, which bonus shall be paid at the same time as payments are made to other participants in the Bonus Plan; provided, however, that if such resignation or termination of employment occurs prior to the date this is the first anniversary of the Effective Date (the “ First Anniversary Date ”), such bonus shall be 50% of the amount otherwise payable under this clause (b).

(c) A pro rata amount of any Bonus Plan Incentive Compensation for the fiscal year of his termination of employment (based on the number of business days he was actually employed by the Company during the fiscal year in which the termination of employment occurs) based on the achievement of the Goals for the calendar year of his termination of employment; provided, however, that if such resignation or termination of employment occurs prior to the First Anniversary Date, such bonus shall be 50% of the amount otherwise payable under this clause (c). Nothing in the foregoing sentence is intended to give the Executive greater rights to such Incentive Compensation than a pro rata portion of what he would ordinarily be entitled to under the Bonus Plan Incentive Compensation that would have been applicable to him had his employment not been terminated, it being understood that Executive’s termination of employment shall not be used to disqualify Executive from or make him ineligible for a pro rata portion of the Bonus Plan Incentive Compensation to which he would otherwise have been entitled. The pro rata portion of Bonus Plan Incentive Compensation shall, subject to Section 7.16, be paid at the time such Incentive Compensation is paid to other participants in the Bonus Plan.

 

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(d) A one-time lump sum severance payment in an amount equal to, (i) if such resignation or termination of employment occurs prior to the First Anniversary Date, 50% of the Executive’s Base Amount, and (ii) if such resignation or termination of employment occurs on or after the First Anniversary Date (but before the end of the Term), 100% of the Executive’s Base Amount plus, for a termination by the Executive for Good Reason or a termination by the Company without Cause only on or after the First Anniversary Date (but before the end of the Term), $12,500 to be used by the Executive for outplacement services. The lump sum severance payment shall be paid on the 60 th day following the Executive’s termination of employment, provided that prior to such time the Executive has signed the release described in Section 5.4 and the applicable revocation period for such release has expired, subject, in the case of termination other than as a result of the Executive’s death, to Section 7.16.

(e) The post-termination exercise period for any options which are vested as of Executive’s termination of employment shall be as set forth in the applicable award agreement, provided, however, that any provisions in such an award agreement purporting to give the Executive greater post-termination exercise rights because he is a party to an employment agreement shall not be given effect.

(f) Provided the Executive elects COBRA in a timely manner, for the lesser of 6 months after termination or until the Executive secures coverage from new employment (or, if such resignation or termination of employment occurs on or after the First Anniversary Date (but before the end of the Term), the lesser of 12 months after termination or until the Executive secures coverage from new employment), Executive shall receive a monthly cash payment equal to the cost of continuation coverage under the Company’s medical and dental benefit plans in which the Executive was participating at the time of his termination of employment at the level at which the Executive was participating at the time of his termination of coverage (e.g. single or family coverage), less the amount of the employee contribution for such coverage. Such payments shall be subject to all applicable taxes and withholding.

In the event the Executive’s termination is pursuant to Section 4.2, payment shall be made to the Executive’s heirs, beneficiaries, or personal representatives, as applicable. Further, any payments by the Company under Section 5.1(d) above pursuant to a termination under Section 4.2 or 4.3 shall be reduced by any payments received by the Executive pursuant to any of the Company’s employee welfare benefit plans providing for payments in the event of death or Disability.

5.2 Termination for Cause; Voluntary Termination . If at any time during the Term the Executive’s employment with the Company is terminated by the Company for Cause or due to a Voluntary Termination, the Executive shall be entitled to only the following:

 

8


(a) any unpaid base salary and accrued unpaid vacation then owing through the date of termination, which amounts shall be paid to the Executive within 30 days of the date of termination.

(b) whatever rights, if any, that are available to the Executive upon such a termination pursuant to the Plans or any award documents related to any stock-based compensation such as stock options, stock appreciation rights or restricted stock grants. This Agreement does not grant any greater rights with respect to such items than provided for in the Plans or the award documents in the event of any termination for Cause or a Voluntary Termination.

5.3 Termination following Change of Control . The Executive shall have no specific right to terminate this Agreement or right to any severance payments or other benefits solely as a result of a Change of Control or Potential Change of Control. However, if during a Change of Control Period during the Term, (a) the Executive terminates his employment with the Company for Good Reason, or (b) the Company terminates the Executive’s employment without Cause, the lump sum severance payment under Section 5.1(d) shall be increased from 100% of the Base Amount to 150% of the Base Amount and the period of monthly payment of COBRA continuation coverage for medical and dental benefits under Section 5.1(f) shall be increased to 18 months from 12 months. The terms and rights with respect to such payments shall otherwise be governed by Section 5.1. No other rights result from termination during a Change of Control Period; provided , however , that nothing in this Section 5.3 is intended to limit or impair the rights of the Executive under the Plans or any documents evidencing any stock-based compensation awards in the event of a Change of Control if such Plans or award documents grant greater rights than are set forth herein.

5.4 Release . The Company’s obligation to pay or provide any benefits to the Executive following termination (other than in the event of death pursuant to Section 4.2) is expressly subject to the requirement that (i) the Executive execute the release in the form attached hereto as Exhibit B (the “Release”) prior to the 60 th day following Executive’s termination of employment, and (ii) any revocation period for the Release shall have expired prior to the 60 th day following Executive’s termination of employment without Executive having breached or revoked the Release. In the event that the Executive does not sign the Release, or signs and later revokes the Release, all of the Company’s obligations to make payments and provide benefits under this Agreement will terminate in full, and the Executive understands and agrees that he will not be entitled to any severance benefits in connection with his termination of employment.

5.5 Other Benefits . Except as expressly provided otherwise in this Article V, the provisions of this Agreement shall not affect the Executive’s participation in, or terminating distributions and vested rights under, any pension, profit-sharing, insurance or other employee benefit plan of the Parent Group to which the Executive is entitled

 

9


pursuant to the terms of such plans, or expense reimbursements he is otherwise entitled to under Section 3.5.

5.6 No Mitigation . It will be difficult, and may be impossible, for the Executive to find reasonably comparable employment following the termination of the Executive’s employment, and the protective provisions under Article VI contained herein will further limit the employment opportunities for the Executive. In addition, the Company’s severance pay policy applicable in general to its salaried employees does not provide for mitigation, offset or reduction of any severance payment received thereunder. Accordingly, the parties hereto expressly agree that the payment of severance compensation in accordance with the terms of this Agreement will be liquidated damages, and that the Executive shall not be required to seek other employment, or otherwise, to mitigate any payment provided for hereunder.

5.7 Limitation; No Other Rights . Any amounts due or payable under this Article V are in the nature of severance payments or liquidated damages, or both, and the Executive agrees that such amounts shall fully compensate the Executive, his dependents, heirs and beneficiaries and the estate of the Executive for any and all direct damages and consequential damages that they do or may suffer as a result of the termination of the Executive’s employment, or both, and are not in the nature of a penalty. Notwithstanding the above, no member of the Parent Group shall be liable to the Executive under any circumstances for any consequential, incidental, punitive or similar damages. The Executive expressly acknowledges that the payments and other rights under this Article V shall be the sole monies or other rights to which the Executive shall be entitled to and such payments and rights will be in lieu of any other rights or remedies he might have or otherwise be entitled to. In the event of any termination under this Article V, the Executive hereby expressly waives any rights to any other amounts, benefits or other rights, including without limitation whether arising under current or future compensation or severance or similar plans, agreements or arrangements of any member of the Parent Group (including as a result of changes in (or of) control or similar transactions), unless Executive’s entitlement to participate or receive benefits thereunder has been expressly approved by the Board. Similarly, no one in the Parent Group shall have any further liability or obligation to the Executive following the date of termination, except as expressly provided in this Agreement.

5.8 No Right to Set Off . The Company shall not be entitled to set off against amounts payable to the Executive hereunder any amounts earned by the Executive in other employment, or otherwise, after termination of his employment with the Company, or any amounts which might have been earned by the Executive in other employment had he sought such other employment.

5.9 Adjustments Due to Excise Tax .

(a) If it is determined that any amount or benefit to be paid or payable to the Executive under this Agreement or otherwise in conjunction with his

 

10


employment (whether paid or payable or distributed or distributable pursuant to the terms of this Agreement or otherwise in conjunction with his employment) would give rise to liability of the Executive for the excise tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Code, as amended from time to time, or any successor provision (the “ Excise Tax ”), then the amount or benefits payable to the Executive (the total value of such amounts or benefits, the “ Payments ”) shall be reduced by the Company so that no portion of the Payments to the Executive is subject to the Excise Tax. The Company shall reduce or eliminate the Payments by first reducing or eliminating any cash payments (with the payments to be made furthest in the future being reduced first), then by reducing or eliminating any accelerated vesting of options, then by reducing or eliminating any accelerated vesting of restricted stock, then by reducing or eliminating any other remaining Payments. Such reduction shall only be made if the net amount of the Payments, as so reduced (and after deduction of applicable federal, state, and local income and payroll taxes on such reduced Payments other than the Excise Tax (collectively, the “ Deductions ”)) is greater than the excess of (1) the net amount of the Payments, without reduction (but after making the Deductions) over (2) the amount of Excise Tax to which the Executive would be subject in respect of such Payments.

(b) In the event it is determined that the Excise Tax may be imposed on the Executive prior to the possibility of any reductions being made pursuant to Section 5.9(a), the Company and the Executive agree to take such actions as they may mutually agree in writing to take to avoid any such reductions being made or, if such reduction is not otherwise required by Section 5.9(a), to reduce the amount of Excise Tax imposed.

(c) The independent public accounting firm serving as the Company’s auditing firm, or such other accounting firm, law firm or professional consulting services provider of national reputation and experience reasonably acceptable to the Company and Executive (the “ Accountants ”) shall make in writing in good faith all calculations and determinations under this Section 5.9, including the assumptions to be used in arriving at any calculations. For purposes of making the calculations and determinations under this Section 5.9, the Accountants and each other party may make reasonable assumptions and approximations concerning the application of Section 280G and Section 4999. The Company and Executive shall furnish to the Accountants and each other such information and documents as the Accountants and each other may reasonably request to make the calculations and determinations under this Section 5.9. The Company shall bear all costs the Accountants incur in connection with any calculations contemplated hereby.

 

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VI. PROTECTIVE PROVISIONS

6.1 Noncompetition . Without the prior written consent of the Board (which may be withheld in the Board’s sole discretion), so long as the Executive is an employee of the Company or any other member of the Parent Group and for a twelve-month period thereafter, the Executive agrees that he shall not anywhere in the Prohibited Area, for his own account or the benefit of any other, engage or participate in or assist or otherwise be connected with a Competing Business. For the avoidance of doubt, the Executive understands that this Section 6.1 prohibits the Executive from acting for himself or as an officer, employee, manager, operator, principal, owner, partner, shareholder, advisor, consultant of, or lender to, any individual or other Person that is engaged or participates in or carries out a Competing Business or is actively planning or preparing to enter into a Competing Business. The parties agree that such prohibition shall not apply to the Executive’s passive ownership of not more than 5% of a publicly-traded company.

6.2 No Solicitation or Interference . So long as the Executive is an employee of the Company or any other member of the Parent Group (other than while an employee acting solely for the express benefit of the Parent Group) and for a twelve-month period thereafter, the Executive shall not, whether for his own account or for the account or benefit of any other Person, throughout the Prohibited Area:

(a) request, induce or attempt to influence (i) any customer of any member of the Parent Group to limit, curtail, cancel or terminate any business it transacts with, or products or services it receives from or sells to, or (ii) any Person employed by (or otherwise engaged in providing services for or on behalf of) any member of the Parent Group to limit, curtail, cancel or terminate any employment, consulting or other service arrangement, with any member of the Parent Group. Such prohibition shall expressly extend to any hiring or enticing away (or any attempt to hire or entice away) any employee or consultant of the Parent Group.

(b) solicit from or sell to any customer any products or services that any member of the Parent Group provides or is capable of providing to such customer and that are the same as or substantially similar to the products or services that any member of the Parent Group, sold or provided while the Executive was employed with, or providing services to, any member of the Parent Group.

(c) contact or solicit any customer for the purpose of discussing (i) services or products that are competitive with and the same or closely similar to those offered by any member of the Parent Group or (ii) any past or present business of any member of the Parent Group.

(d) request, induce or attempt to influence any supplier, distributor or other Person with which any member of the Parent Group has a business

 

12


relationship or to limit, curtail, cancel or terminate any business it transacts with any member of the Parent Group.

(e) otherwise interfere with the relationship of any member of the Parent Group with any Person which is, or within one-year prior to the Executive’s date of termination was, doing business with, employed by or otherwise engaged in performing services for, any member of the Parent Group.

The twelve-month post-termination employment period described herein and in Section 6.1 shall be extended to eighteen months in the event of a termination described in Section 5.3.

6.3 Confidential Information . During the period of the Executive’s employment with the Company or any member of the Parent Group and at all times thereafter, the Executive shall hold in secrecy for the Company all Confidential Information that may come to his knowledge, may have come to his attention or may have come into his possession or control while employed by the Company (or otherwise performing services for any member of the Parent Group). Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, the Executive shall not be required to maintain the confidentiality of any Confidential Information which (a) is or becomes available to the public or others in the industry generally (other than as a result of disclosure or inappropriate use, or caused, by the Executive in violation of this Section 6.3) or (b) the Executive is compelled to disclose under any applicable laws, regulations or directives of any government agency, tribunal or authority having jurisdiction in the matter or under subpoena. Except as expressly required in the performance of his duties to the Company under this Agreement, the Executive shall not use for his own benefit or disclose (or permit or cause the disclosure of) to any Person, directly or indirectly, any Confidential Information unless such use or disclosure has been specifically authorized in writing by the Company in advance. During the Executive’s employment and as necessary to perform his duties under Section 1.2, the Company will provide and grant the Executive access to the Confidential Information. The Executive recognizes that any Confidential Information is of a highly competitive value, will include Confidential Information not previously provided the Executive and that the Confidential Information could be used to the competitive and financial detriment of any member of the Parent Group if misused or disclosed by the Executive. The Company promises to provide access to the Confidential Information only in exchange for the Executive’s promises contained herein, expressly including the covenants in Sections 6.1, 6.2 and 6.4.

6.4 Inventions .

(a) The Executive shall promptly and fully disclose to the Company any and all ideas, improvements, discoveries and inventions, whether or not they are believed to be patentable (“ Inventions ”), that the Executive conceives of or first actually reduces to practice, either solely or jointly with others, during the Executive’s employment with the Company or any other member of the Parent

 

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Group, and that relate to the business now or thereafter carried on or contemplated by any member of the Parent Group or that result from any work performed by the Executive for any member of the Parent Group.

(b) The Executive acknowledges and agrees that all Inventions shall be the sole and exclusive property of the Company (or member of the Parent Group) and are hereby assigned to the Company (or applicable member of the Parent Group). During the term of the Executive’s employment with the Company (or any other member of the Parent Group) and thereafter, whenever requested to do so by the Company, the Executive shall take such action as may be requested to execute and assign any and all applications, assignments and other instruments that the Company shall deem necessary or appropriate in order to apply for and obtain Letters Patent of the United States and/or of any foreign countries for such Inventions and in order to assign and convey to the Company (or any other member of the Parent Group) or their nominees the sole and exclusive right, title and interest in and to such Inventions.

(c) The Company acknowledges and agrees that the provisions of this Section 6.4 do not apply to an Invention: (i) for which no equipment, supplies, or facility of any member of the Parent Group or Confidential Information was used; (ii) that was developed entirely on the Executive’s own time and does not involve the use of Confidential Information; (iii) that does not relate directly to the business of any member of the Parent Group or to the actual or demonstrably anticipated research or development of any member of the Parent Group; and (iv) that does not result from any work performed by the Executive for any member of the Parent Group.

6.5 Return of Documents and Property . Upon termination of the Executive’s employment for any reason, the Executive (or his heirs or personal representatives) shall immediately deliver to the Company (a) all documents and materials containing Confidential Information (including without limitation any “soft” copies or computerized or electronic versions thereof) or otherwise containing information relating to the business and affairs of any member of the Parent Group (whether or not confidential), and (b) all other documents, materials and other property belonging to any member of the Parent Group that are in the possession or under the control of the Executive.

6.6 Reasonableness; Remedies . The Executive acknowledges that each of the restrictions set forth in this Article VI are reasonable and necessary for the protection of the Company’s business and opportunities (and those of the Parent Group) and that a breach of any of the covenants contained in this Article VI would result in material irreparable injury to the Company and the other members of the Parent Group for which there is no adequate remedy at law and that it will not be possible to measure damages for such injuries precisely. Accordingly, the Company and any member of the Parent Group shall be entitled to the remedies of injunction and specific performance, or either of such remedies, as well as all other remedies to which any member of the Parent Group may be

 

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entitled, at law, in equity or otherwise, without the need for the posting of a bond or by the posting of the minimum bond that may otherwise be required by law or court order.

6.7 Extension; Survival . The Executive and the Company agree that the time periods identified in this Article VI will be stayed, and the Company’s obligation to make any payments or provide any benefits under Article V shall be suspended, during the period of any breach or violation by the Executive of the covenants contained herein. The parties further agree that this Article VI shall survive the termination or expiration of this Agreement for any reason. The Executive acknowledges that his agreement to each of the provisions of this Article VI is fundamental to the Company’s willingness to enter into this Agreement and for it to provide for the severance and other benefits described in Article V, none of which the Company was required to do prior to the date hereof. Further, it is the express intent and desire of the parties for each provision of this Article VI to be enforced to the fullest extent permitted by law. If any part of this Article VI, or any provision hereof, is deemed illegal, void, unenforceable or overly broad (including as to time, scope and geography), the parties express desire is that such provision be reformed to the fullest extent possible to ensure its enforceability or if such reformation is deemed impossible then such provision shall be severed from this Agreement, but the remainder of this Agreement (expressly including the other provisions of this Article VI) shall remain in full force and effect.

VII. MISCELLANEOUS

7.1 Notices . Any notice required or permitted under this Agreement shall be given in writing and shall be deemed to have been effectively made or given if personally delivered, or if sent via U.S. mail or recognized overnight delivery service or sent via confirmed e-mail or facsimile to the other party at its address set forth below in this Section 7.1, or at such other address as such party may designate by written notice to the other party hereto. Any effective notice hereunder shall be deemed given on the date personally delivered, three business days after mailed via U.S. mail or one business day after it is sent via overnight delivery service or via confirmed e-mail or facsimile, as the case may be, to the following address:

 

  If to the Company:
  Orthofix Inc.
 

Attn: Executive Vice President and Chief Operating

Officer

  3451 Plano Pkwy
  Lewisville, TX 75056
  Facsimile: 704-948-2690
  E-mail: RobertVaters@orthofix.com
  With a copy which shall not constitute notice to:

 

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  Hogan Lovells US LLP
  555 Thirteenth Street, N.W.
  Washington, D.C. 20004
  Facsimile: (202) 637-5910
  Email: joseph.gilligan@hoganlovells.com
  If to the Executive:
 

At the most recent address on file with the

Company

7.2 Legal Fees .

(a) The Company shall pay all reasonable legal fees and expenses of the Executive’s counsel in connection with the preparation and negotiation of this Agreement.

(b) The parties hereto agree that any dispute or controversy arising under or in connection with this Agreement shall be resolved exclusively and finally by binding arbitration in Lewisville, Texas, in accordance with the rules of the American Arbitration Association then in effect. Judgment may be entered on the arbitrator’s award in any court having jurisdiction. The Company shall be responsible for its own fees, costs and expenses and shall pay to the Executive an amount equal to all reasonable attorneys’ and related fees, costs and expenses incurred by the Executive in connection with such arbitration if the arbitrator determines that the Executive prevailed on a material issue of the arbitration. If there is any dispute between the Company and the Executive as to the payment of such fees and expenses, the arbitrator shall resolve such dispute, which resolution shall also be final and binding on the parties, and as to such dispute only the burden of proof shall be on the Company.

7.3 Severability . If an arbitrator or a court of competent jurisdiction determines that any term or provision hereof is void, invalid or otherwise unenforceable, (a) the remaining terms and provisions hereof shall be unimpaired and (b) such arbitrator or court shall replace such void, invalid or unenforceable term or provision with a term or provision that is valid and enforceable and that comes closest to expressing the intention of the void, invalid or unenforceable term or provision. For the avoidance of doubt, the parties expressly intend that this provision extend to Article VI of this Agreement.

7.4 Entire Agreement . This Agreement represents the entire agreement of the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof and shall supersede any and all previous contracts, arrangements or understandings between the Company, the Parent and the Executive relating to the Executive’s employment by the Company. Nothing in this Agreement shall modify or alter the Indemnity Agreement dated March 2, 2011, by and

 

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between Parent and the Executive (the “ Indemnity Agreement ”) or alter or impair any of the Executive’s rights under the Plans or related award agreements. In the event of any conflict between this Agreement and any other agreement between the Executive and the Company (or any other member of the Parent Group), this Agreement shall control.

7.5 Amendment; Modification . Except for increases in Base Salary, and adjustments with respect to Incentive Compensation, made as provided in Article II, this Agreement may be amended at any time only by mutual written agreement of the Executive and the Company; provided , however , that, notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, the Plans (or any award documents under the Plans) or the Indemnity Agreement, the Company may reform this Agreement, the Plans (or any award documents under the Plans), the Indemnity Agreement or any provision thereof (including, without limitation, an amendment instituting a six-month waiting period before a distribution) or otherwise as contemplated by Section 7.16 below.

7.6 Withholding . The Company shall be entitled to withhold, deduct or collect or cause to be withheld, deducted or collected from payment any amount of withholding taxes required by law, statutory deductions or collections with respect to payments made to the Executive in connection with his employment, termination (including Article V) or his rights hereunder, including as it relates to stock-based compensation.

7.7 Representations .

(a) The Executive hereby represents and warrants to the Company that (i) the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by the Executive do not and shall not conflict with, breach, violate or cause a default under any contract, agreement, instrument, order, judgment or decree to which the Executive is a party or by which he is bound, and (ii) upon the execution and delivery of this Agreement by the Company, this Agreement shall be the valid and binding obligation of the Executive, enforceable in accordance with its terms. The Executive hereby acknowledges and represents that he has consulted with legal counsel regarding his rights and obligations under this Agreement and that he fully understands the terms and conditions contained herein.

(b) The Company hereby represents and warrants to the Executive that (i) the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by the Company do not and shall not conflict with, breach, violate or cause a default under any material contract, agreement, instrument, order, judgment or decree to which the Company is a party or by which it is bound and (ii) upon the execution and delivery of this Agreement by the Executive, this Agreement shall be the valid and binding obligation of the Company, enforceable in accordance with its terms.

 

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7.8 Governing Law; Jurisdiction . This Agreement shall be construed, interpreted, and governed in accordance with the laws of the State of Texas without regard to any provision of that State’s rules on the conflicts of law that might make applicable the law of a jurisdiction other than that of the State of Texas. Except as otherwise provided in Section 7.2, all actions or proceedings arising out of this Agreement shall exclusively be heard and determined in state or federal courts in the State of Texas having appropriate jurisdiction. The parties expressly consent to the exclusive jurisdiction of such courts in any such action or proceeding and waive any objection to venue laid therein or any claim for forum nonconveniens.

7.9 Successors . This Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of, and shall be enforceable by the Executive, the Company, and their respective heirs, executors, administrators, legal representatives, successors, and assigns. In the event of a Business Combination (as defined in clause (iii) of Change of Control), the provisions of this Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the parent or entity resulting from such Business Combination or to which the assets shall be sold or transferred, which entity from and after the date of such Business Combination shall be deemed to be the Company for purposes of this Agreement. In the event of any other assignment of this Agreement by the Company, the Company shall remain primarily liable for its obligations hereunder; provided , however , that if the Company is financially unable to meet its obligations hereunder, the Parent shall assume responsibility for the Company’s obligations hereunder pursuant to the guaranty provision following the signature page hereof. The Executive expressly acknowledges that the Parent and other members of the Parent Group (and their successors and assigns) are third party beneficiaries of this Agreement and may enforce this Agreement on behalf of themselves or the Company. Both parties agree that there are no third party beneficiaries to this Agreement other than as expressly set forth in this Section 7.9.

7.10 Nonassignability . Neither this Agreement nor any right or interest hereunder shall be assignable by the Executive, his beneficiaries, dependents or legal representatives without the Company’s prior written consent; provided , however , that nothing in this Section 7.10 shall preclude (a) the Executive from designating a beneficiary to receive any benefit payable hereunder upon his death or (b) the executors, administrators or other legal representatives of the Executive or his estate from assigning any rights hereunder to the Person(s) entitled thereto.

7.11 No Attachment . Except as required by law, no right to receive payments under this Agreement shall be subject to anticipation, commutation, alienation, sale, assignment, encumbrance, charge, pledge or hypothecation in favor of any third party, or to execution, attachment, levy or similar process or assignment by operation of law in favor of any third party, and any attempt, voluntary or involuntary, to effect any such action shall be null, void and of no effect.

7.12 Waiver . No term or condition of this Agreement shall be deemed to have been waived, nor there be any estoppel against the enforcement of any provision of this

 

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Agreement, except by written instrument of the party charged with such waiver or estoppel. No such written waiver shall be deemed a continuing waiver unless specifically stated therein, and each such waiver shall operate only as to the specific term or condition waived and shall not constitute a waiver of such term or condition for the future or as to any act other than that specifically waived.

7.13 Construction . The headings of articles or sections herein are included solely for convenience of reference and shall not control the meaning or interpretation of any of the provisions of this Agreement. References to days found herein shall be actual calendar days and not business days unless expressly provided otherwise.

7.14 Counterparts . This Agreement may be executed by any of the parties hereto in counterparts, each of which shall be deemed to be an original, but all such counterparts shall together constitute one and the same instrument.

7.15 Effectiveness . This Agreement shall be effective as of the Effective Date when signed by the Executive and the Company.

7.16 Code Section 409A .

(a) It is the intent of the parties that payments and benefits under this Agreement comply with Section 409A and, accordingly, to interpret, to the maximum extent permitted, this Agreement to be in compliance therewith. If the Executive notifies the Company in writing (with specificity as to the reason therefore) that the Executive believes that any provision of this Agreement (or of any award of compensation, including equity compensation or benefits) would cause the Executive to incur any additional tax or interest under Section 409A and the Company concurs with such belief or the Company (without any obligation whatsoever to do so) independently makes such determination, the parties shall, in good faith, reform such provision to try to comply with Code Section 409A through good faith modifications to the minimum extent reasonably appropriate to conform with Code Section 409A. To the extent that any provision hereof is modified by the parties to try to comply with Code Section 409A, such modification shall be made in good faith and shall, to the maximum extent reasonably possible, maintain the original intent of the applicable provision without violating the provisions of Code Section 409A. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company shall not be required to assume any economic burden in connection therewith.

(b) If the Executive is deemed on the date of “separation from service” to be a “specified employee” within the meaning of that term under Section 409A(a)(2)(B), then, with regard to any payment or the provision of any benefit that is specified as subject to this Section, such payment or benefit shall, if required to avoid the imposition of additional tax or interest under Section 409A, be made or provided at the date which is the earlier of (A) the expiration of the six

 

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(6)-month period measured from the date of such “separation from service” of the Executive, and (B) the date of the Executive’s death (the “Delay Period”). Upon the expiration of the Delay Period, all payments and benefits delayed pursuant to this Section 7.16 (whether they would have otherwise been payable in a single sum or in installments in the absence of such delay) shall be paid or reimbursed to the Executive in a lump sum, and any remaining payments and benefits due under this Agreement shall be paid or provided in accordance with the normal payment dates specified for them herein. If a payment is to be made promptly after a date, it shall be made within sixty (60) days thereafter.

(c) Any expense reimbursement under this Agreement shall be made promptly upon Executive’s presentation to the Company of evidence of the fees and expenses incurred by the Executive and in all events on or before the last day of the taxable year following the taxable year in which such expense was incurred by the Executive, and no such reimbursement or the amount of expenses eligible for reimbursement in any taxable year shall in any way affect the expenses eligible for reimbursement in any other taxable year.

7.17 Survival . As provided in Section 1.3 with respect to expiration of the Term, Articles VI and VII shall survive the termination or expiration of this Agreement for any reason.

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF , the parties have executed this Agreement as of the Effective Date.

 

ORTHOFIX INC.     EXECUTIVE

/s/ Alan W. Milinazzo

   

/s/ Vicente Trelles

Name:

Title:

 

Alan W. Milinazzo

Chief Executive Officer

    Vicente Trelles, an individual

Guaranty by Parent

Parent (Orthofix International N.V.) is not a party to this Agreement, but joins in this Agreement for the sole purpose of guaranteeing the obligations of the Company to pay, provide, or reimburse the Executive for all cash or other benefits provided for in this Agreement, including the provision of all benefits in the form of, or related to, securities of Parent and to elect or appoint Executive to the positions with Parent and provide Executive with the authority relating thereto as contemplated by Section 1.1 of this Agreement, and to ensure the Board will take the actions required of it hereby.

ORTHOFIX INTERNATIONAL N.V.

 

/s/ Alan W. Milinazzo

Name:  

Alan W. Milinazzo

Title:  

Chief Executive Officer

 

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EXHIBIT A

Definitions

For purposes of this Agreement, the following capitalized terms have the meanings set forth below:

Base Amount shall mean an amount equal to the sum of:

(i) the Executive’s annual base salary at the highest annual rate in effect at any time during the Term; and

(ii) the lower of (i) the Executive’s target bonus under Section 2.3 in effect during the fiscal year in which termination of employment occurs, or (ii) the average of the Incentive Compensation (as defined in Section 2.3) actually earned by the Executive (A) with respect to the two consecutive annual Incentive Compensation periods ending immediately prior to the year in which termination of the Executive’s employment with the Company occurs (which for purposes of the 2009 and 2010 calendar years, shall be deemed under this (ii)(A) to be the amount of the Executive’s target incentive plan bonus for 2011, and which for purposes of 2011, shall be deemed under this (ii)(A) to be the Executive’s actually earned 2011 incentive plan bonus as if such bonus were not pro-rated to reflect his employment for a period of less than 365 days during the 2011 calendar year) or, (B) if greater, with respect to the two consecutive annual Incentive Compensation periods ending immediately prior to the Change of Control Date or the Potential Change of Control Date.

Board shall mean the Board of Directors of Parent. Any obligation of the Board other than termination for Cause under this Agreement may be delegated to an appropriate committee of the Board, including its compensation committee, and references to the Board herein shall be references to any such committee, as appropriate.

Cause shall mean termination of the Executive’s employment because of the Executive’s: (i) involvement in fraud, misappropriation or embezzlement related to the business or property of the Company; (ii) conviction for, or guilty plea to, or plea of nolo contendere to, a felony or crime of similar gravity in the jurisdiction in which such conviction or guilty plea occurs; (iii) intentional wrongful disclosure of Confidential Information or other intentional wrongful violation of Article VI; (iv) willful and continued failure by the Executive to follow the reasonable instructions of the Board or Chief Executive Officer; (v) willful commission by the Executive of acts that are dishonest and demonstrably and materially injurious to a member of the Parent Group, monetarily or otherwise; (vi) willful or material violation of, or willful or material noncompliance with, any securities law, rule or regulation or stock exchange listing rule adversely affecting the Parent Group including without limitation (a) if the Executive has undertaken to provide any certification or related back-up material required for the chief and principal executive and financial officers to provide a certification required under the

 

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Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, including the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder (the “ Sarbanes-Oxley Act ”), and he willfully or materially fails to take reasonable and appropriate steps to determine whether or not the certificate or related back-up material was accurate or otherwise in compliance with the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act or (b) the Executive’s willful or material failure to establish and administer effective systems and controls applicable to his area of responsibility necessary for the Parent to timely and accurately file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. No act or omission shall be deemed willful or material for purposes of this definition if taken or omitted to be taken by Executive in a good faith belief that such act or omission to act was in the best interests of the Parent Group or if done at the express direction of the Board.

Change of Control shall occur upon any of the following events:

(i) the acquisition by any individual, entity or group (within the meaning of Section 13(d)(3) or 14(d)(2) of the Exchange Act) of beneficial ownership (within the meaning of Rule 13d-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act), in any individual transaction or series of related transactions, of 50% or more of either (A) the then outstanding shares of common stock of Parent (the “ Outstanding Common Stock ”) or (B) the combined voting power of the then outstanding voting securities of Parent entitled to vote generally in the election of directors (the “ Outstanding Voting Securities ”); excluding , however , the following: (1) any acquisition directly from Parent, other than an acquisition by virtue of the exercise of a conversion privilege unless the security being so converted was itself acquired directly from Parent; (2) any acquisition by Parent; (3) any acquisition by any employee benefit plan (or related trust) sponsored or maintained by Parent or any entity controlled by Parent; or (4) any acquisition pursuant to a transaction which complies with clauses (A), (B) and (C) of subsection (iii) of this definition of Change of Control;

(ii) a change in the composition of the Board such that the individuals who as of the Effective Date constitute the Board (the “ Incumbent Board ”) cease for any reason to constitute at least a majority of the Board; provided , however , for purposes of this paragraph, that any individual who becomes a member of the Board subsequent to the Effective Date, whose appointment, election, or nomination for election by Parent’s shareholders was approved by a vote of at least a majority of those individuals who are members of the Board and who were also members of the Incumbent Board (or deemed to be such pursuant to this proviso) shall be considered as though such individual were a member of the Incumbent Board; but provided further that any such individual whose initial assumption of office occurs as a result of either an actual or threatened election contest (as such terms are used in Rule 14a-11 of Regulation 14A promulgated under the Exchange Act) or other actual or threatened solicitation of proxies or consents by or on behalf of a Person other than the Board shall not be so considered as a member of the Incumbent Board;

 

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(iii) consummation of a reorganization, merger, consolidation or other business combination or the sale or other disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of Parent (including assets that are shares held by Parent in its subsidiaries) (any such transaction, a “ Business Combination ”); expressly excluding , however , any such Business Combination pursuant to which all of the following conditions are met: (A) all or substantially all of the Person(s) who are the beneficial owners of the Outstanding Common Stock and Outstanding Voting Securities, respectively, immediately prior to such Business Combination will beneficially own, directly or indirectly, more than 50% of, respectively, the outstanding shares of common stock, and the combined voting power of the outstanding voting securities entitled to vote generally in the election of directors, as the case may be, of the entity resulting from such Business Combination (including, without limitation, an entity which as a result of such transaction owns Parent or all or substantially all of Parent’s assets either directly or through one or more subsidiaries) in substantially the same proportions as their ownership, immediately prior to such Business Combination, of the Outstanding Common Stock and Outstanding Voting Securities, as the case may be, (B) no Person (other than Parent, any employee benefit plan (or related trust) of Parent or such entity resulting from such Business Combination) will beneficially own, directly or indirectly, 50% or more of, respectively, the outstanding shares of common stock of the entity resulting from such Business Combination or the combined voting power of the outstanding voting securities of such entity entitled to vote generally in the election of directors except to the extent that such ownership existed prior to the Business Combination, and (C) individuals who were members of the Incumbent Board will constitute at least a majority of the members of the board of directors of the entity resulting from such Business Combination;

(iv) the approval by the shareholders of Parent of a complete liquidation or dissolution of Parent;

(v) the Parent Group (or any of them) shall sell or dispose of, in a single transaction or series of related transactions, business operations that generated two-thirds of the consolidated revenues of the Parent Group (determined on the basis of Parent’s four most recently completed fiscal quarters for which reports have been filed under the Exchange Act) and such disposal shall not be exempted pursuant to clause (iii) of this definition of Change of Control;

(vi) Parent files a report or proxy statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to the Exchange Act disclosing in response to Form 8-K or Schedule 14A (or any successor schedule, form or report or item therein) that a change of control of Parent has or may have occurred or will or may occur in the future pursuant to any then-existing agreement or transaction; notwithstanding the foregoing, unless determined in a specific case by a majority vote of the Board, a “ Change of Control ” shall not be deemed to have occurred solely because: (A) an entity in which Parent directly or indirectly beneficially

 

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owns 50% or more of the voting securities, or any Parent-sponsored employee stock ownership plan, or any other employee plan of Parent or the Company, either files or becomes obligated to file a report or a proxy statement under or in response to Schedule 13D, Schedule 14D-1, Form 8-K or Schedule 14A (or any successor schedule, form or report or item therein) under the Exchange Act, disclosing beneficial ownership by form or report or item therein, disclosing beneficial ownership by it of shares of stock of Parent, or because Parent reports that a change of control of Parent has or may have occurred or will or may occur in the future by reason of such beneficial ownership or (B) any Parent-sponsored employee stock ownership plan, or any other employee plan of Parent or the Company, either files or becomes obligated to file a report or a proxy statement under or in response to Schedule 13D, Schedule 14D-1, Form 8-K or Schedule 14A (or any successor schedule, form or report or item therein) under the Exchange Act, disclosing beneficial ownership by form or report or item therein, disclosing beneficial ownership by it of shares of stock of Parent, or because Parent reports that a change of control of Parent has or may have occurred or will or may occur in the future by reason of such beneficial ownership; or

(vii) any other transaction or series of related transactions occur that have substantially the effect of the transactions specified in any of the preceding clauses in this definition.

Notwithstanding the above definition of Change of Control, the Board, in its sole discretion, may determine that a Change of Control has occurred for purposes of this Agreement, even if the events giving rise to such Change of Control are not expressly described in the above definition.

Change of Control Date shall mean the date on which a Change of Control occurs.

Change of Control Period shall mean the 24 month period commencing on the Change of Control Date; provided , however , if the Company terminates the Executive’s employment with the Company prior to the Change of Control Date but on or after a Potential Change of Control Date, and it is reasonably demonstrated that the Executive’s (i) employment was terminated at the request of an unaffiliated third party who has taken steps reasonably calculated to effect a Change of Control or (ii) termination of employment otherwise arose in connection with or in anticipation of the Change of Control, then the “ Change of Control Period ” shall mean the 24 month period beginning on the date immediately prior to the date of the Executive’s termination of employment with the Company.

Code shall mean the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

Competing Business means any business or activity that (i) competes with any member of the Parent Group for which the Executive performed services or the Executive

 

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was involved in for purposes of making strategic or other material business decisions and involves (ii) (A) the same or substantially similar types of products or services (individually or collectively) manufactured, marketed or sold by any member of the Parent Group during Term or (B) products or services so similar in nature to that of any member of the Parent Group during Term (or that any member of the Parent Group will soon thereafter offer) that they would be reasonably likely to displace substantial business opportunities or customers of the Parent Group.

“Confidential Information shall include Trade Secrets and includes information acquired by the Executive in the course and scope of his activities under this Agreement, including information acquired from third parties, that (i) is not generally known or disseminated outside the Parent Group (such as non-public information), (ii) is designated or marked by any member of the Parent Group as “confidential” or reasonably should be considered confidential or proprietary, or (iii) any member of the Parent Group indicates through its policies, procedures, or other instructions should not be disclosed to anyone outside the Parent Group. Without limiting the foregoing definitions, some examples of Confidential Information under this Agreement include (a) matters of a technical nature, such as scientific, trade or engineering secrets, “know-how”, formulae, secret processes, inventions, and research and development plans or projects regarding existing and prospective customers and products or services, (b) information about costs, profits, markets, sales, customer lists, customer needs, customer preferences and customer purchasing histories, supplier lists, internal financial data, personnel evaluations, non-public information about medical devices or products of any member of the Parent Group (including future plans about them), information and material provided by third parties in confidence and/or with nondisclosure restrictions, computer access passwords, and internal market studies or surveys and (c) and any other information or matters of a similar nature.

“Disability” as used in this Agreement shall have the meaning given that term by any disability insurance the Company carries at the time of termination that would apply to the Executive. Otherwise, the term “ Disability ” shall mean the inability of the Executive to perform his duties and responsibilities under this Agreement as a result of a physical or mental illness, disease or personal injury he has incurred. Any dispute as to whether or not the Executive has a “ Disability ” for purposes of this Agreement shall be resolved by a physician reasonably satisfactory to the Board and the Executive (or his legal representative, if applicable). If the Board and the Executive (or his legal representative, if applicable) are unable to agree on a physician, then each shall select one physician and those two physicians shall pick a third physician and the determination of such third physician shall be binding on the parties.

Exchange Act shall mean the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

Good Reason shall mean the occurrence of any of the following without the written consent of the Executive: (1) the assignment to the Executive of any duties materially inconsistent in any respect with the Executive’s position (including status,

 

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offices, titles and reporting requirements), authority, duties or responsibilities as contemplated by Section 1 of this Agreement, or any other action by the Company which results in a material diminution in such position, authority, duties or responsibilities, excluding for this purpose an isolated, insubstantial and inadvertent action not taken in bad faith and which is remedied by the Company promptly after receipt of notice thereof given by the Executive; (2) the Company’s material reduction of the Executive’s Base Salary or bonus opportunity, each as in effect on the date hereof or as the same may be increased from time to time; (3) the relocation of the Company’s offices at which the Executive is principally employed (the “Principal Location”) to a location more than thirty (30) miles from such location, or the Company’s requiring the Executive to be based at a location more than thirty (30) miles from the Principal Location, except for required travel on the Company’s business to an extent substantially consistent with the Executive’s present business travel obligations; (4) the Company’s failure to obtain a satisfactory agreement from any successor entity to assume and agree to perform this Agreement; or (5) any material breach of this Agreement or any other material agreement with the Executive by the Company or any successor entity.

Parent shall mean Orthofix International N.V., an entity organized under the laws of the Netherlands Antilles.

Parent Group shall mean Parent, together with its subsidiaries including the Company.

Person shall include individuals or entities such as corporations, partnerships, companies, firms, business organizations or enterprises, and governmental or quasi-governmental bodies.

Potential Change of Control shall mean the earliest to occur of: (i) the date on which Parent executes an agreement or letter of intent, the consummation of the transactions described in which would result in the occurrence of a Change of Control or (ii) the date on which the Board approves a transaction or series of transactions, the consummation of which would result in a Change of Control, and ending when, in the opinion of the Board, the Parent (or the Company) or the respective third party has abandoned or terminated any Potential Change of Control.

Potential Change of Control Date shall mean the date on which a Potential Change of Control occurs; provided , however , such date shall become null and void when, in the opinion of the Board, the Parent (or the Company) or the respective third party has abandoned or terminated any Potential Change of Control.

Prohibited Area means North America, South America and the European Union, which Prohibited Area the parties have agreed to as a result of the fact that those are the geographic areas in which the members of the Parent Group conduct a preponderance of their business and in which the Executive provides substantive services to the benefit of the Parent Group.

 

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Section 409A shall mean Section 409A of the Code and regulations promulgated thereunder (and any similar or successor federal or state statute or regulations).

Trade Secrets are information of special value, not generally known to the public that any member of the Parent Group has taken steps to maintain as secret from Persons other than those selected by any member of the Parent Group.

 

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EXHIBIT B

RELEASE

In exchange for the consideration set forth in the Employment Agreement, dated as of April 1, 2011, by and among Orthofix Inc. (the “ Company ”) and myself (the “ Employment Agreement ”), the respective terms of which are incorporated herein by reference, I, Vicente Trelles, am entering into this Release (this “ Release ”) for good and valuable consideration as required by the Employment Agreement, and agree as follows:

1. GENERAL RELEASE.

(a) On behalf of myself, my heirs, executors, successors and assigns, I irrevocably and unconditionally release, waive and forever discharge the Company, its members, divisions, subsidiaries, affiliates and related companies, including the Company Group (as defined below), or any member of the Company Group, and their present and former agents, employees, officers, directors, attorneys, stockholders, plan fiduciaries, successors and assigns (collectively, the “ Releasees ”), from any and all claims, demands, actions, causes of action, costs, fees and all liability whatsoever, whether known or unknown, fixed or contingent, suspected or unsuspected (collectively, “ Claims ”), which I had, have, or may have against Releasees relating to or arising out of my employment by or separation from the Company and its direct and indirect subsidiaries and parents, including, without limitation, Orthofix International N.V. (collectively, the “ Company Group ”), up to and including the date of execution of this Release, other than my right to receive the severance payments and other benefits and consideration described in the Employment Agreement. This Release includes, without limitation: (i) claims at law or equity or sounding in contract (express or implied) or tort; (ii) claims arising under any federal, state or local laws of any jurisdiction that prohibit age, sex, race, national origin, color, disability, religion, veteran or military status, sexual orientation or any other form of discrimination, harassment or retaliation (including, without limitation, the Civil Rights Act of 1866, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, the Older Workers Benefit Protection Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, the Civil Rights Act of 1991, the Rehabilitation Act, the Family and Medical Leave Act, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, the Employee Polygraph Protection Act, the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994, the Unruh Civil Rights Act, or any other federal, state or local laws, regulations and ordinances governing discrimination, harassment or retaliation in employment; and the right to bring demands, complaints, causes of action, and claims under any other federal, state, local or common law, statute, regulation or decision); (iii) claims arising under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act; or (iv) any other statutory or common law claims related to my employment with the Company or my separation from the Company. I further covenant not to sue any of the Releasees with respect to any matters released hereby.


(b) This release does not include a release or waiver of any rights or claims I have, or might subsequently have in my capacity as a stockholder of Orthofix International N.V. In addition, this Release shall not release the Company from its continuing obligation to honor the terms of the Employment Agreement. However, this Release shall remain in full force and effect regardless of any claim by me that the Company failed to honor the terms of the Employment Agreement. In the event of any such dispute, my sole remedy against the Company shall be to enforce the terms of the Employment Agreement. I am also not waiving, and nothing in this Release is intended to waive, any right to coverage under any directors and officers insurance coverage, if any, provided by the Company, the Company Group, or any member of the Company Group, to which I might be entitled. I am also not waiving, and nothing in this Release is intended to waive any claims I may have for unemployment insurance or workers’ compensation benefits, state disability compensation, claims for any vested benefits under any Company-sponsored benefit plan, or any claims that, as a matter of law, may not be released by private agreement. I am also not waiving, and nothing in this Release is intended to waive, any claims relating to the validity or enforceability of this Release; or any non-waivable right to file a charge with the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (the “ EEOC ”) or the National Labor Relations Board (“ NLRB ”); provided, however, that I shall not be entitled to recover any monetary damages or to non-monetary relief if the EEOC or NLRB were to pursue any claims relating to my employment with the Company.

EXCEPT AS OUTLINED ABOVE, THIS MEANS THAT, BY SIGNING THIS RELEASE, I WILL WAIVE ANY RIGHT I MAY HAVE HAD TO PURSUE OR BRING A LAWSUIT OR MAKE ANY LEGAL CLAIM AGAINST THE COMPANY OR THE RELEASEES THAT IN ANY WAY ARISES FROM OR RELATES TO MY EMPLOYMENT OR THE TERMINATION OF THAT EMPLOYMENT, UP TO AND INCLUDING THE DATE OF THE EXECUTION OF THIS RELEASE.

(c) I acknowledge that different or additional facts may be discovered in addition to what I now know or believe to be true with respect to the matters herein released, and I agree that this Release shall be and remain in effect in all respects as a complete and final release of the matters released, notwithstanding any such different or additional facts. I represent and warrant that I have not previously filed or joined in any claims against the Company or any of the Releasees, that I have not given or sold any portion of any claims released herein to anyone else, and that I will indemnify and hold harmless the Releasees from all liabilities, claims, demands, costs, expenses and/or attorneys’ fees incurred as a result of any such assignment or transfer.

(d) I acknowledge that I have been given an opportunity of [twenty one (21) / forty five (45)] 1 days to consider this Release, but I may voluntarily waive that period by signing it earlier, and I acknowledge that I am being advised herein to consult with legal

 

 

1  

To be determined at time of termination in accordance with relevant provisions of Age Discrimination in Employment Act.


counsel of my own choosing prior to executing this Release. I understand that for a period ending at the end of the seventh calendar day following my execution of this Release (“ Revocation Period ”), I shall have the right to revoke this Release by delivering a written notice of revocation to Robert S. Vaters, Orthofix Inc., Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, 3451 Plano Pkwy, Lewisville, TX 75056 no later than the end of the seventh calendar day after I sign this Release. I understand and agree that this Release will not be effective and enforceable until after the Revocation Period expires without revocation, and if I elect to exercise this revocation right, this Release shall be voided in its entirety, and the Company shall be relieved of all obligations under this Release and all obligations under the Employment Agreement as provided therein. This Release shall be effective on the eighth calendar day after it is executed by me (“ Effective Date ”) provided it has not been previously revoked as provided herein.

2. I agree to keep this Release and its terms completely confidential; however, I may disclose the terms of this Release to my spouse, accountants, tax advisors, attorneys, or as otherwise required by law. I agree not to disclose, publish or use any confidential information of the Company Group, except as the Company directs or authorizes unless required by law to do so. I also agree that I will take all reasonable measures to protect the secrecy of and avoid disclosure and unauthorized use of confidential information of the Company Group, and I will immediately notify the Company in the event of any unauthorized use or disclosure of the Company Group’s confidential information of which I become aware. I agree that the obligations set forth in this paragraph do not supersede, but are in addition to, any previous confidentiality obligations agreed to by me and any member of the Company Group. The confidentiality provisions set forth in this Release are contractual and their terms are material to this Release.

3. I agree that I have not made and shall not make, publicly or privately, any critical or negative comments to the media or any significant critical or negative comments to any other person (including future or prospective employees) regarding any of the Releasees.

4. I understand it is my choice whether or not to enter into this Release and that my decision to do so is voluntary and is made knowingly.

5. I represent and acknowledge that in executing this Release, I do not rely, and have not relied, on any communications, statements, inducements or representations, oral or written, by any of the Releasees, except as expressly contained in this Release.

6. I also represent and warrant that, as of the date hereof, I have delivered to the Company (a) all documents and materials containing confidential information (including without limitation any “soft” copies or computerized or electronic versions thereof) or otherwise containing information relating to the business and affairs of any member of the Company Group (whether or not confidential), and (b) all other


documents, materials and other property belonging to any member of the Company Group that are or were in my possession or under my control.

7. The Company and I agree that this Release shall be binding on us and our heirs, administrators, representatives, executors, successors and assigns, and shall inure to the benefit of our heirs, administrators, representatives, executors, successors and assigns.

8. This Release shall be interpreted under and governed by the laws of the State of Texas. The Company and I agree that the language of this Release shall in all cases be construed as a whole, according to its fair meaning, and not strictly for or against either party.

9. The Company and I agree that should that any provision of this Release be determined to be illegal or invalid, the validity of the remaining provisions will not be affected and any illegal or invalid provision will be deemed not to be a part of this Release.

10. The Company and I agree that this Release may be executed in any number of counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together shall be deemed one and the same instrument.

( Remainder of this page intentionally left blank )

Please read carefully as this document includes a General Release of claims.

As evidenced by my signature below, I certify that I have read the above Release and agree to its terms.

 

 

Vicente Trelles
Date:  

 

Accepted and Acknowledged:

 

ORTHOFIX INC.
By:  

 

Title:  

 

Date:  

 

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION

I, Alan W. Milinazzo, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Orthofix International N.V.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a. designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b. designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c. evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d. disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has material affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a. all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b. any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Dated: May 10, 2011   By:  

/s/Alan W. Milinazzo

    Name:   Alan W. Milinazzo
    Title:   Chief Executive Officer and President

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION

I, Brian McCollum, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Orthofix International N.V.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a. designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b. designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c. evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d. disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has material affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a. all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b. any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Dated: May 10, 2011   By:  

/s/ Brian McCollum

    Name:   Brian McCollum
    Title:  

Chief Financial Officer and

Senior Vice President of Finance

Exhibit 32.1

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906

OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Orthofix International N.V. (“Orthofix”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2011 (the “Report”), as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof, I, Alan W. Milinazzo, Chief Executive Officer and President of Orthofix, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

  1. The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

  2. The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of Orthofix.

 

Dated: May 10, 2011    

/s/Alan W. Milinazzo

    Name:   Alan W. Milinazzo
    Title:   Chief Executive Officer and President

Exhibit 32.2

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906

OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Orthofix International N.V. (“Orthofix”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2011 (the “Report”), as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof, I, Brian McCollum, Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice President of Finance of Orthofix, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

  1. The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

  2. The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of Orthofix.

 

Dated: May 10, 2011    

/s/ Brian McCollum

    Name:   Brian McCollum
    Title:  

Chief Financial Officer and

Senior Vice President of Finance